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Kingdom Fungi Phylum: Z ygomycota (Sporangium Fungi) Phylum: B asidiomycota (Club Fungi) Phylum: A scomycota (Cup Fungi & Yeasts) Phylum: M ycophycota.

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Presentation on theme: "Kingdom Fungi Phylum: Z ygomycota (Sporangium Fungi) Phylum: B asidiomycota (Club Fungi) Phylum: A scomycota (Cup Fungi & Yeasts) Phylum: M ycophycota."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kingdom Fungi Phylum: Z ygomycota (Sporangium Fungi) Phylum: B asidiomycota (Club Fungi) Phylum: A scomycota (Cup Fungi & Yeasts) Phylum: M ycophycota (Lichens)

2 Zygomycota Phylum: Zygomycota

3 Common name: Spore fungi Habitat: land/aquatic/host organisms Nutrition: Heterotrophic (parasitic and saprophytic)

4 Zygomycota Phylum: Zygomycota Special structures: Spores in caps (sporangia) Reproduction: spores, zygospores Economic/Biological Importance: decomposers, cause of potato blight Examples: Rhizopus stolonifer (bread mold)

5 Basidiomycota Phylum: Basidiomycota

6 Common name: Club fungi Habitat: land/host organisms Nutrition: Heterotrophic (parasitic and saprophytic)

7 Basidiomycota Phylum: Basidiomycota Special structures: Spores in basidia (club-like structures on gills of mushroom) Reproduction: spores Economic/Biological Importance: food (edible mushrooms, parasites on grain crops like wheat, oats, rye) Examples: Amanita phalloides (death cap) poisonous mushroom

8 Ascomycota Phylum: Ascomycota

9 Ascomycota Phylum Ascomycota Common name: Sac/Cup fungi Habitat: land/aquatic/host organisms Nutrition: Heterotrophic (parasitic and saprophytic)

10 Ascomycota Special structures: Spores in ascus (sac-like structures) Reproduction: spores/budding Economic/Biological Importance: making cheese, baking and brewing, causes athlete’s foot and ringworm Examples: Saccharomyces cerevisiae (bread yeast)

11 Mycophycota Common name: Lichen Habitat: land/aquatic/host organisms Nutrition: Autotrophic/Heterotrophic

12 Lichens: Phylum Mycophycota Fruticose (fruit) Crustose (crusty) Foliose (foliage. leaf-like)

13 Mycophycota fungi algaeSpecial structures: “Dual” organism made of fungi (heterotroph-provides water and minerals) and algae (autotroph-makes food) Reproduction: spores/binary fission Economic/Biological Importance: first organism on bare rock; helps to start soil; food for reindeer Examples: Cladonia cristatella

14 Kingdom Fungi – Vocabulary hyphae: thin filaments of tube-shaped mass of cytoplasm with many nuclei mycelium: a mat of filaments composed of a mass of hyphae rhizoids: root-like organ of certain fungi; help to break down food into simpler substances

15 Kingdom Fungi – Vocabulary basidia: a club-like structure that forms the sexual spores in certain fungi ascus: saclike structure that produces sexual spores by meiosis spore: reproductive cell capable of developing into new haploid organisms without fusing with another cell

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