Presentation on theme: "Promotion of Mushroom Cultivation in Namibia By Lydia N. Horn Prepared for the Seminar on Edible Fungi Application and Management for African Countries."— Presentation transcript:
Promotion of Mushroom Cultivation in Namibia By Lydia N. Horn Prepared for the Seminar on Edible Fungi Application and Management for African Countries. Beijing, China November 21-December 05 2007 REPUBLIC OF NAMIBIA MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, WATER AND FORESTRY Department of Agriculture –Research and Training (Plant production)
Mushrooms in general are well known among Namibian farmers and are widely consumed in the northern regions during the rainy season Although no formal scientific mushroom cultivation in Namibia has been attempted before the 90s In 1999 the first funded project for mushroom was launched in Namibia working in collaboration with the University of Namibia Awareness and training workshops started in 2003, where extension and research officers were trained
Later in 2003, the Ministry of Agriculture,Water and Forestry in collaboration with the Ministry of Commerce of China sent participants to the training on edible fungi held in Fuzhou City Fujian Province Experience was gained and applied at home institution A project on mushroom cultivation and promotion In Namibia was encouraged by the Division of Plant Production Research in the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry at the beginning of 2004
Why Mushrooms mushrooms play a very important dietary role in human nutrition and health worldwide when used as a dietary supplement On a dry weight basis, mushrooms are made up of about 30% protein (Oei 1996) and this protein is endowed with all the essential amino acids Mushrooms are low in calories and carbohydrates, are almost cholesterol free and are high in vitamins and minerals, all of which serve as important essential requirements for human health (Chang and Miles 1997).
Contribution to livelihoods in Namibia Idle for those who are unable to cultivate fields due to sick health (HIV/AIDS, TB and others) Crop diversification
Preparing the mycelium for seed inoculation at the University of Namibia
Challenges facing mushroom production in Namibia Dry weather conditions Lack of sterilizing equipments Unavailability/inaccessibility to mushroom strains that are suitable for Namibian environments Lack of proper trained personnel in the field of mushroom production Lack of know how on the conditions needed for mushroom growth Lack of funding sources for the project experimentations