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Main Research Themes African American economic history in the era of the Great Migration: Determinants of migration, extent of / variation in racial inequality.

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Presentation on theme: "Main Research Themes African American economic history in the era of the Great Migration: Determinants of migration, extent of / variation in racial inequality."— Presentation transcript:

1 Main Research Themes African American economic history in the era of the Great Migration: Determinants of migration, extent of / variation in racial inequality (over space, industry, time), work and health Immigration to Utah in the late 20 th / early 21 st century: Socioeconomic mobility, segregation, neighborhood and health, legal – undocumented differences The late 19 th / early 20 th century fertility transition: Family and individual-level evidence on socioeconomic differences in timing and form of transition, role of family / network influences on fertility

2 Exciting Findings / Future Directions Influence of geographic context and social networks in labor market outcomes and demographic behavior – Racial segregation, change in the effects of living in segregated neighborhoods – Distinct neighborhood influences on health for legal and undocumented immigrants – Social networks as sources of resources, or of ideas, influencing economic and demographic processes New, historical GIS information and increasingly dense historical census data might facilitate these kinds of investigations

3 Tom Maloney Department of Economics OSH 343 581-7481 / maloney@economics.utah.edu

4 P ast research / Current research Studies of variation and change in Utah English Past research Vowels in words such as FEEL-FILL, SALE-SELL, SCHOOL-SKULL Vowels in words such as SANG vs. SAND, SING vs. SINNED These changes indicate a major restructuring of the vowels All dialects of English are undergoing restructuring of their vowel systems Elliptical phrases as in I don’t know if Martha saw it, she might have done. This syntactic structure probably came to Utah with late 19 th c. Mormon converts from England Current research The pronunciation of {ng} in words such as young, sing, being The Wick R. Miller Collection Shoshoni Language Project Language documentation: Transferred all materials to digital, transcription/translation of 400+ narratives, compilation of 30,000 word electronic “dictionary”, etc. Language revitalization: Talking Dictionary, children’s books, language teaching curricula & lesson plans, language teacher training, etc. Shoshone/Goshute Youth Language Apprenticeship Program (SYLAP)

5 Exciting Findings / Directions for Future Research The pronunciation of {ng} in words such as young, sing, being Collaborative project with Aziz Alzoubi & Derron Borders, graduate students History of {ng} Major change in the pronunciation began about 30 years ago and is spreading 9/17 speakers with the new pronunciation are younger than 40 yrs of age (b. 1963-1984) In present sample, oldest speaker with the new pronunciation: female from Sandy, b. 1939 Phonetic mechanism for the change is fortition– a strengthening of the sound to ensure saliency Contributing factors: Creaky articulation, Strong release Shoshoni Language Project SYLAP students produced the first Shoshoni video game this summer Produced 8 bilingual children’s books; 5 more are in the pipeline City Weekly’s Best of Utah 2013 (Media & Politics) National Indian Education Association’s 2013 William Demmert Cultural Freedom Award

6 Name, Department, Contact Information Marianna Di Paolo Associate Professor Department of Anthropology Stewart Bldg 101B dipaolo@anthro.utah.edu ++++++++++++++++++ Director Shoshoni Language Project 95 Ft. Douglas Blvd, Bldg. 603 801-585-7611 ++++++++++++++++++++ Other affiliations: dipaolo@anthro.utah.edu Research Associate, National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian) Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Linguistics

7 Dynamic models of cultural evolution Macro-evolutionary observations Micro- evolutionary studies Field experiments Field surveys Field observation studies TONGA migration and cultural evolution 1. what strategies to individuals employ when migrating? 2. how do migrants adapt to new environments?

8 piecemeal cultural change among Tongan immigrants current inquiries: demographic factors that affect immigrant adoption of socioeconomic vs. ethnic marker cultural domains

9 Adrian V. Bell Dept. of Anthropology adrian.bell@anthro.utah.edu http://adrianbell.wordpress.com

10 NATIONAL CENTER FOR VETERANS STUDIES Military / veteran suicide 1.Clinical trials (Fort Carson, CO) –Preliminary results from RCT of 12-session BCBT vs. TAU indicated 50% reduction in suicide attempts among Soldiers –Follow-up RCT of single-session crisis intervention to reduce suicide attempts currently enrolling Soldiers 2.Pilot studies (Maxwell AFB, Nellis AFB) –Investigations of shame, guilt, moral injury 3.Future directions to improve detection of suicide risk –Language analysis of social media (e.g., Facebook) posts –Primary care and population-based screening tools –Implicit association test Craig Bryan, PsyD, ABPPcraig.bryan@utah.eduOSH 154C

11 NATIONAL CENTER FOR VETERANS STUDIES Military / veteran mental health 1.Operational & life stressors among AF SOF (multi-site) –Rates of psychiatric conditions and contributors/protective factors 2.Academic success among student veterans –Mental health status of military personnel and veterans in college and factors that contribute to academic success/struggles 3.Future directions: –Refinement of moral injury construct, pilot intervention studies –Longitudinal studies identifying interactions of preexisting vulnerabilities with recent life stressors and behavioral problems –Testing/development of behavioral indicators that are less vulnerable to self-report bias Craig Bryan, PsyD, ABPPcraig.bryan@utah.eduOSH 154C

12 NATIONAL CENTER FOR VETERANS STUDIES National Center for Veterans Studies Craig J. Bryan, PsyD, ABPP Associate Director, National Center for Veterans Studies Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology Orson Spencer Hall 154C craig.bryan@utah.edu

13 Past Research / Current Research PAST: Interpretive Research Design: Concepts and Processes (co-authored with Dvora Yanow, 2012, Routledge) Interpretive social science puts the meaning making of those studied at the center of the research endeavor. Interpretive Research Design recovers the language of design from the variables-based approaches that have dominated design discussions and textbooks in many disciplines. It shows why design language based on variables and the standards of reliability, replicability and validity stymie interpretive projects. CURRENT: Institutional Review Board Policy.

14 Institutional Review Board Policy POLICY WINDOW for social scientists: 2011 Advanced Notice for Proposal Rulemaking (ANPRM) could mean significant deregulation for minimal risk research. MISMATCH: between the bio-medical ethics and the a priori design perspective contained in Federal Policy and the actual ethical concerns of field researchers as well as their iterative, emergent approach to design. Unlike the CANADIAN AND UK POLICIES, there is no recognition in US policy of the “critical” role that social scientists play in democratic systems, e.g., a “do no harm” framework is inconsistent with holding public officials and other power holders accountable. EXEMPTION in the federal statue for candidates and public officials is rarely advertized on IRB websites and it is not an actual exemption because researchers studying the state must still submit their research plans to a body overseen by the federal government (S-S & Y, 2009, MPSA) A “PECULIAR” REGULATORY PROCESS: no formal appeals process; atomistic feedback to social science researchers (as opposed to a case law approach that enables collective learning).

15 Peregrine Schwartz-Shea Political Science OSH 256e psshea@poli-sci.utah.edu psshea@poli-sci.utah.edu

16 US-trained faculty teaching effectively to develop leadership, management, public policy in other countries.

17 How should faculty who are trained in the U.S. adapt – - Course content to reflect differences in institutional structures, systems, traditions, and laws; and - Teaching methods/approaches, including awareness of and adaption to differences in culture, concepts, and language. in order to be effective when working with students from other countries?

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19 Past Research--Current Research Sociology—Aging, Family, Race/ethnicity, Policy Quality of Life QOL Minority aging—Middle Eastern Immigrants Informal social support Formal -adult day, senior ctr, AL, SNF, hospice Person Environment—Territoriality Elder mistreatment—Infantilization Family violence—dyads, IPHS Sonia Salari, Ph.D.

20 Exciting Findings/ Future Directions Intimate Partner Homicide Suicide Study Collaboration Carrie Sillito, Ph.D. IPHS 730 national events, 1600 deaths Male perpetrators, firearms, 3 age categories Primary motive varies by age category – Suicide --Homicide Suicide pact rare, mercy killing rare IP violence--Romanticized for elderly--ageism Community impact VAWA Policy PO –Firearm ban not enforced Grant potential public health, firearms & suicide

21 Contact Info Sonia Salari, Ph.D. Associate Professor Department Family & Consumer Studies Mailing: AEB 228Office: AEB 252 Phone: 801-867-6652 sonia.salari@utah.edu Adjunct Gerontology Center; Sociology Member Center on Aging, Middle East Center

22 Past Research/Current Research Determinants of consumer expenditures: – Racial/ethnic differences, international comparisons, health care expenditures, food expenditures, status consumption Risk aversion and household financial behavior – Credit use, borrowing/saving and expenditures Contextual neighborhood effects on physical activity, obesity, and other health outcomes – Built environment, food environment, food price, income inequality, physical activity patterns.

23 Exciting Findings/Direction for Future Research Exciting findings: – Bouts study – Every minute of physical activity counts when it comes to body weight. – Neighborhood income inequality is beneficial for individual risk of obesity. – Food environment data validation study in Salt Lake county shows a substantial amount of data error. Future research: – Does every minute count for other health outcomes? – Are there self-selection issues in the relationship between neighborhood income inequality and individual risk of obesity? – Does food environment really matter for obesity? A more comprehensive look.

24 Contact Information Jessie Fan Department of Family and Consumer Studies fan@fcs.utah.edu 1-4170

25 iSTAR Project – developing tech talent for youth on the autism spectrum CBPR (Community-based Participatory Action Research) ◦ Family members and teachers as advisors and co-researcher ◦ Offered 5 summer camps serving over 40 youth – ages 8-23 ◦ School based program serving 18 students over 2 years ◦ After-school program as follow-up ◦ Replications sites: Orlando, FL; The Dalles, OR; Boulder, CO Findings Self-Confidence – leadership skills Enhanced Peer Status Social – family engagement Development of vocational skills

26 Current research Focus on psychosocial outcomes: personal, social, vocational Potential research funding Corporate partners: Google, Trimble, Universal Creative Department of Defense grant – Idea Development Award- Autism Research (October, 2013) NIH R34 – Interventions for youth on the autism spectrum (Feb. 2014) Lassonde Entrepreneurial Center: Governor’s Economic Development Committee

27 A RESEARCH PROGRAM USING 3D TECHNOLOGY TO FACILITATE SOCIAL, CREATIVE, AND JOB SKILLS FOR YOUTH ON THE AUTISM SPECTRUM C HERYL W RIGHT, F AMILY AND C ONSUMER S TUDIES cheryl.wright@fcs.utah.edu

28 Past/Current Research O Criminal Sentencing O Scholarship of Teaching O Latina/o Attitudes towards Immigration Reform O Construyendo Latinidad

29 Exciting Findings O “Gringo Justice” outside of the southwest O Chicano Studies as critical cultural framework for social praxis O Varied attitudes towards immigration reform by different social statuses O Centuries old fluidity of Latinidad

30 Ed A. Muñoz, Ph.D Director Ethnic Studies Assoc Prof Sociology ASA Latina/o Sociology Section Chair BuC 38 (Bldg 074) University of Utah Ethnic Studies Program Rm 50 1635 Campus Center Dr. Salt Lake City, UT 84112 801-581-5886 (Office) 801-581-5206 (Message) 801-581-8437 (Fax) ed.munoz@utah.edu

31  Past Research  Mainly intimate partner abuse (IPA) and stalking in the context of IPA (some work on sexual assault)  Interviewed battered women  Interviewed prosecutors who work IPA cases  Worked with Salt Lake Police Department’s domestic disturbance police reports  Current Research  Working with the Family Justice Center on Salt Lake City’s Third District Court Intensive Probation Monitoring Pilot Program  Court records, victim interviews  A project using court records to explore the relationship between distance of victim and offender and protective order violations  Current papers on:  Protective orders, IPA, and stalking  Drugs/alcohol, IPA, and stalking  Social support and stalking in the context of IPA

32 EXCITING FINDINGS DIRECTIONS FOR THE FUTURE  Stalking in the Context of IPA  Early work describes this issue  Predicts stalking in these relationships  Differences between relationships with both stalking and IPA and those with just IPA  Examined the impact of CJ intervention in IPA on future stalking  Gender differences in IPA offending  Consistently found qualitative differences between male and female offenders  A book on police response to IPA—history, changes, current response  SLPD data  Interviews with police officers  Interviews with victims of IPA  Stalking

33 Dr. Heather C. Melton Associate Professor Department of Sociology University of Utah 801-581-3108 Heather.melton@soc.utah.edu


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