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Brain Health For You Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D. Clinical Neuropsychologist and Adjunct Associate Professor of Neurological Surgery University of Pittsburgh.

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Presentation on theme: "Brain Health For You Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D. Clinical Neuropsychologist and Adjunct Associate Professor of Neurological Surgery University of Pittsburgh."— Presentation transcript:

1 Brain Health For You Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D. Clinical Neuropsychologist and Adjunct Associate Professor of Neurological Surgery University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

2 Brain Health For You Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D. Clinical Neuropsychologist and Adjunct Associate Professor of Neurological Surgery University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

3 Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D. (412) Socialization Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

4 Basics of Your Brain Your Cortex Section I Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

5 Basics of Your Brain  Your brain weighs 2 to 4 pounds  Your brain is composed of 60% fat  25% of blood from each heartbeat goes to the brain Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

6 Your Subcortex Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

7 Your Two Hemispheres Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D. Both sides of a woman’s brain are used in processing language; A man’s is more compartmentalized.

8 Your Brain Cell (Neuron) Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

9 Your Brain Cell

10 Your Hippocampus Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

11 Neural Plasticity Section II Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

12 Animal Brain Research  Enriched vs. non-enriched environment  Across their lifespan  Larger cortex, new brain cells, synaptic density  3 critical factors to enriched environment  Socialization, physical activity, mental stimulation Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

13 Human Brain Research Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

14 Your Hippocampus Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

15 Brain Health & Wellness: A Final Frontier in View?

16 What can I do to promote my brain health? Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

17 Your Brain Health Lifestyle Program  Proactive  Lifelong – Womb to Tomb  Complex and novel  Build reserve Section III Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

18 Reserve Theory Initiation  Planning  Sustained attention  Environmental control  Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D. Schemata Neuropsychological Factors Neurobiological Factors  Increased synaptic density -neocortical association areas  Neurochemical/ structural alterations  Neurogenesis-- hippocampus  Brain repair & brain recovery  Brain compensation EducationActivityOccupation

19 5 Critical Factors to Your Brain Health Lifestyle Become Whole Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D. Socialization

20 Your Brain Health Lifestyle Program Critical factors to your enriched environment Socialization Remain integrated & involved Develop hobbies Build friendship & family networks Do not retire – maintain meaning/role Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

21 Critical factors to your enriched environment Walk 10,000 steps daily Dance Knit Garden Write with non-dominant hand Aerobic Exercise 2 5 % B l o o d t o B r a i n ! Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D. Your Brain Health Lifestyle Program

22 Critical factors to your enriched environment Learn a second language Sign language Travel Play board games/puzzles Fitbrains.com Play musical instrument Listen to classical music Novel & Complex Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D. Your Brain Health Lifestyle Program

23 Critical factors to your enriched environment Learn relaxation procedures Learn how to meditate Pray daily Attend formal places of worship regularly Say NO! One family/group meal daily Slow Down! Your Brain Health Lifestyle Program

24 Critical factors to your enriched environment Increase OMEGA-3 fatty acids Decrease processed foods/ bad fat Increase anti-oxidants Eat with utensils to reduce calories 6 0 % F a t Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D. Your Brain Health Lifestyle Program

25 5 Critical Factors to Your Brain Health Lifestyle Become Whole Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D. Socialization

26 Your Life Story Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

27 Summary  Your brain can be shaped for health  Be proactive not passive  Novel and complex  Build brain reserve – Delay disease  Assess your brain health pie  Work on the weaknesses Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

28 Maintain Access to Your Life Story Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.

29 (412) Socialization Paul D. Nussbaum, Ph.D.


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