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Verb Patterns ( 動詞類型 ): 【 VP1 】 Subject + BE subject complement/adjunct 1 This is a book. 2 That suitcase is mine. 3 The children are asleep. 4 That book.

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Presentation on theme: "Verb Patterns ( 動詞類型 ): 【 VP1 】 Subject + BE subject complement/adjunct 1 This is a book. 2 That suitcase is mine. 3 The children are asleep. 4 That book."— Presentation transcript:

1 Verb Patterns ( 動詞類型 ): 【 VP1 】 Subject + BE subject complement/adjunct 1 This is a book. 2 That suitcase is mine. 3 The children are asleep. 4 That book is for you. 5 This is where I work. There/It + BE subject 1 There was a large crowd. 2 It was impossible to go farther. 3 It was a pity the weather was so bad.

2 2 【 VP2A 】 Subject vi 1 We all breathe, drink and eat. 2 The moon rose. 3 A period of political unrest followed. 【 VP2B 】 Subject + vi ( for )+ adverbial adjunct 1 We walked ( for ) five miles. 2 The meeting lasted ( for ) two hours. 3 The book cost ( me ) $ This box weighs five kilos. 【 VP2C 】 Subject + vi adverbial adjunct 1 Go away! 2 Please come in. 3 I’ll soon catch up with you. 4 It’s getting on for midnight. 5 It looks like rain/as if it were going to rain.

3 3 【 VP2D 】 Subject + vi adjective/noun/pronoun 1 Her dreams have come true. 2 The fire has burnt low. 3 She married young. 4 He died a millionaire. 5 Later he became an acrobat. 6You’re not looking yourself. 【 VP2E 】 Subject + vi present participle 1 She lay smiling at me. 2 Do you like to go dancing. 3 The children came running to meet us.

4 4 【 VP3A 】 Subject + vi preposition + noun/pronoun 1 You may rely on that man/his discretion/his being discreet. 2 Can I count on your help? 3 What has happened to them? 【 VP3B 】 Subject + vi ( preposition (+ it )) clause 1 I agree that it was a mistake. 2 You must see ( to it ) that this sort of thing never occurs again. 3 I hesitated ( about ) whether to accept your offer. 4 Have you decided ( upon ) where you will go for your holidays? 5 Don’t worry ( about ) how the money was lost. 【 VP4A 】 Subject + vi to-infinitive 1 We stopped to rest/to have a rest. 2 How did you come to know her? 3 Will he live to be ninety? 4 Someone has called to see you.

5 5 【 VP4B 】 Subject + vi to –infinitive 1 He awoke to find the house on fire. 2 The good old days have gone never to return. 3 Electronic music has clearly come to stay.. 【 VP4C 】 Subject + vi to-infinitive 1 She hesitated to tell anyone. 2 She was longing to see her family again. 3 He agreed to come at once.

6 6 【 VP4D 】 Subject + SEEM/APPEAR ( to be )+ adjective/noun 1 He seemed ( to be ) surprised at the news. 2 This seems ( to be ) a serious matter. 3 I seem ( to be ) unable to enjoy myself. It + SEEM/APPEAR adjective/noun subject 1 It seemed reasonable to try again. 2 It seems a pity to waste all that food. 3 It doesn’t seem much use going on. 4 It appears unlikely that we’ll arrive on time. 【 VP4E 】 Subject + SEEM/APPEAR to -infinitive HAPPEN/CHANCE 1 The baby seems to be asleep/to be sleeping. 2 My enquiries seem to have been resented. 3 She happened to be out when I called. 4 We chanced to meet in the park. 5 There seems to have been some mistake.

7 7 【 VP4F 】 Subject + BE to-infinitive 1 We’re to be married in May. 2 At what time am I to come? 3 How am I to pay my debts? 【 VP5 】 Subject + anomalous finite infinitive 1 You may leave now. 2 You needn’t wait. 3 You’ll find it in that box. 4 I didn’t dare tell anyone. 5 You’d better start at once. 【 VP6A 】 Subject + vt noun/pronoun 1 Did you enjoy the film? 2 We all had a good time. 3 Everyone likes her.

8 8 【 VP6B 】 Subject + vt noun/pronoun 1 Have you had breakfast yet? 2 She has green eyes. 3 Have you hurt yourself? 4 She smiled her thanks. 5 He dreamed a very odd dream. 【 VP6C 】 Subject + vt gerund 1 She enjoys playing tennis. 2 Have you finished talking? 3 I resent being spoken to so rudely.

9 9 【 VP6D 】 Subject + vt gerund 1 She loves going to the cinema. 2 I’ll continue working while my health is good. 3 He began talking about his clever children. 【 VP6E 】 Subject + NEED/WANT/BEAR gerund 1 He’ll need looking after ( = to be looked after ). 2 My shoes want mending ( = to be mended ). 3 His language wouldn’t bear repeating ( = was too bad to be repeated ).

10 10 【 VP7A 】 Subject + vt ( not )+ to-infinitive 1 Do they want to go? 2 He pretended not to see me. 3 We hope/expect/intend to climb Mount Everest. 4 I forgot/remembered to post your letters. 【 VP7B 】 Subject + HAVE/ought ( not )+ to-infinitive 1 Do you often have to work overtime? 2 You don’t have to leave yet, do you? 3 you ought not to waste your money there.

11 11 【 VP8 】 Subject + vt interrogative pronoun/adverb + to-infinitive 1 Do you know/see how to do it? 2 I couldn’t decide what to do next. 3 I ‘ve discovered where to give advice and when to be silent. 【 VP9 】 Subject + vt that-clause 1 I suppose you’ll be leaving soon. 2 I wish you wouldn’t interrupt. 3 Do you think it’ll rain? 4 The workers decided that they would go on strike. 5 We intended that John should be invited.

12 12 【 VP10 】 Subject + vt dependent clause/question 1 Does anyone know how it happened? 2 Come and see what I’ve done! 3 I wonder whether/if he’ll come. 4 She asked why I was late. 【 VP11 】 Subject + vt noun/pronoun that-clause 1 He warned us that the roads were icy. 2 I convinced the policeman that I was innocent. 3 We satisfied ourselves that the plan would work.

13 13 【 VP12A 】 Subject + vt IO DO 1 Won’t you lend him your car? 2 He doesn’t owe me anything. 3 He denied/grudged her nothing. 【 VP12B 】 Subject + vt IO DO 1 She made herself a new dress. 2 Will you do me a favor? 3 She cooked her husband some sausages. 【 VP12C 】 Subject + vt noun/pronoun noun/pronoun 1 Ask him his name. 2 I envy you your fine garden. 3 He struck the door a heavy blow.

14 14 【 VP13A 】 Subject + vt DO to + noun/pronoun 1 She told the news to everyone in the village. 2 He sold his old car to one of his neighbors. 3 I ‘ve sent presents to everyone in my family. 【 VP13B 】 Subject + vt DO for + noun/pronoun 1 She made a new dress for her daughter. 2 Will you do a favor for a friend of mine? 3 Can you cash this check for me?

15 15 【 VP14 】 Subject + vt DO prep noun 1 We congratulated him on his success. 2 Compare the copy with the original. 3 He compared the heart to a pump. 4 I explained my difficulty to him. Subject + vt prep + noun DO 1 I explained to him the impossibility of granting his request. 2 I must leave it to your own to decide whether you should offer your resignation.

16 16 【 VP15A 】 Subject + vt DO adverbial phrase 1 Don’t let the child put his head out of the car window/into the plastic bag. 2 The secretary showed me to the door/into the reception room. 3 Please put these papers on that desk/in that file/in my briefcase. 【 VP15B 】 Subject + vt DO adverbial particle 1 Take them/your shoes off. 2 Don’t throw it/that old hat away. 3 Did you wind it/the clock up? Subject + vt adverbial particle DO 1 Lock up all your valuables. 2 She gave away all her old clothes. 3 Don’t forget to switch off the lights in all the rooms downstairs.

17 17 【 VP16A 】 Subject + vt DO to-infinitive 1 He brought his brother to see me. 2 He opened the door to let the cat out. 3 They left me to do all the dirty work. 【 VP16B 】 Subject + vt DO as/like + noun as if/though + clause 1 I can’t see myself as a pop signer. 2 Her parents spoilt her as a child. 3 He carries himself like a soldier. 4 You mustn’t treat your wife as if she were a servant. 【 VP17 】 Subject + vt noun/pronoun ( not )+ to-infinitive 1 He likes his wife to dress colorfully. 2 They warned us not to be late. 3 Do you want/wish me to stay.

18 18 【 VP18A 】 Subject + vt noun/pronoun infinitive 1 Did you see/notice anyone leave the house? 2 We felt the house shake. 3 I once heard her sing the part of Aida. 【 VP18B 】 Subject + vt noun/pronoun infinitive 1 What makes you think so? 2 Let me go! 3 I ‘ve never known him behave so badly before. 【 VP18C 】 Subject + HAVE noun/pronoun infinitive 1 What would you have me do? 2 Have the visitors shown in, please. 3 I had a frightening thing happen to me yesterday. 4 We often have our friends visit us in Sundays.

19 19 【 VP19A 】 Subject + vt noun/pronoun present participle 1 Can you smell something burning? 2 She could feel her heart beating wildly. 3 Did you notice anyone standing at the gate? 4 Didn’t you hear me knocking? 【 VP19B 】 Subject + vt noun/pronoun present participle 1 I found John working at his desk. 2 They left me waiting outside. 3 This set me thinking. 4 Please start the clock going. 5 He soon had them all laughing. 【 VP19C 】 Subject + vt noun/pronoun/possessive -ing form of the verb 1 I can’t understand him/his behaving so foolishly. 2 Can you imagine me/my being so stupid? 3 does this justify you/your taking legal action? 4 I can’t remember my parents/their ever being unkind to me. 5 I admire Tom(‘s)/him/his standing his ground.

20 20 【 VP20 】 Subject + vt noun/pronoun interrogative + to-infinitive 1 I showed them how to do it. 2 Tell him where to put it. 3 Ask your teacher hoe to pronounce the word. 【 VP21 】 Subject + vt noun/pronoun interrogative clause 1 Tell me what your name is. 2 Ask him where he put it. 3 Show me what you have in your pockets. 【 VP22 】 Subject + vt DO adjective 1 We painted the ceiling green. 2 The sun keeps us warm. 3 The mud made walking difficult.

21 21 【 VP23 】 Subject + vt DO noun 1 They made me president of the English Club. 2 They named the baby Peter. 3 They usually call her Tracy. 【 VP24A 】 Subject + vt DO past participle 1 You must make your views known. 2 Have you ever heard this opera sung in the Italian? 3 We want the work finished by Saturday. 【 VP24B 】 Subject + HAVE/GET DO past participle 1 King Charles had his head cut off. 2 I‘ve recently had my appendix removed. 3 They have scarcely any money saved for their old age.

22 22 【 VP24C 】 Subject + HAVE/GET DO past participle 1 Can we have/get the program changed? 2 Please have/get these letters translated into English. 3 I’ll have/get the matter seen to. 【 VP25 】 Subject + vt DO ( to be )+ adjective/noun 1 Most people considered him ( to be ) innocent. 2 They all felt the plan to be unwise. 3 I’ve always fund Jonathan friendly/a good friend. 4 In Britain we presume a man ( to be ) innocent until he is proved guilty.


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