Presentation on theme: "Verb Patterns ( 動詞類型): 【VP1】 Subject＋BE subject complement/adjunct 1 This is a book."— Presentation transcript:
1 Verb Patterns ( 動詞類型): 【VP1】 Subject＋BE subject complement/adjunct 1 This is a book. 2 That suitcase is mine. 3 The children are asleep. 4 That book is for you. 5 This is where I work. There/It＋BE subject 1 There was a large crowd. 2 It was impossible to go farther. 3 It was a pity the weather was so bad.
2 【VP2A】 Subject vi 1 We all breathe, drink and eat. 2 The moon rose 【VP2A】 Subject vi 1 We all breathe, drink and eat. 2 The moon rose. 3 A period of political unrest followed. 【VP2B】 Subject＋ vi （for）＋adverbial adjunct 1 We walked （for）five miles. 2 The meeting lasted （for）two hours. 3 The book cost （me） $ This box weighs five kilos. 【VP2C】 Subject＋ vi adverbial adjunct 1 Go away! 2 Please come in. 3 I’ll soon catch up with you. 4 It’s getting on for midnight. 5 It looks like rain/as if it were going to rain.
3 【VP2D】 Subject＋ vi adjective/noun/pronoun 1 Her dreams have come true 【VP2D】 Subject＋ vi adjective/noun/pronoun 1 Her dreams have come true. 2 The fire has burnt low. 3 She married young. 4 He died a millionaire. 5 Later he became an acrobat. 6You’re not looking yourself. 【VP2E】 Subject＋vi present participle 1 She lay smiling at me. 2 Do you like to go dancing. 3 The children came running to meet us.
4 【VP3A】 Subject＋ vi preposition＋noun/pronoun 1 You may rely on that man/his discretion/his being discreet. 2 Can I count on your help? 3 What has happened to them? 【VP3B】 Subject＋ vi （preposition（＋it）） clause 1 I agree that it was a mistake. 2 You must see （to it） that this sort of thing never occurs again. 3 I hesitated （about） whether to accept your offer. 4 Have you decided （upon） where you will go for your holidays? 5 Don’t worry （about） how the money was lost. 【VP4A】 Subject＋ vi to-infinitive 1 We stopped to rest/to have a rest. 2 How did you come to know her? 3 Will he live to be ninety? 4 Someone has called to see you.
5 【VP4B】 Subject＋ vi to –infinitive 1 He awoke to find the house on fire 【VP4B】 Subject＋ vi to –infinitive 1 He awoke to find the house on fire. 2 The good old days have gone never to return. 3 Electronic music has clearly come to stay. . 【VP4C】 Subject＋ vi to-infinitive 1 She hesitated to tell anyone. 2 She was longing to see her family again. 3 He agreed to come at once.
6 【VP4D】 Subject＋SEEM/APPEAR （to be）＋adjective/noun 1 He seemed （to be） surprised at the news. 2 This seems （to be） a serious matter. 3 I seem （to be） unable to enjoy myself. It＋SEEM/APPEAR adjective/noun subject 1 It seemed reasonable to try again. 2 It seems a pity to waste all that food. 3 It doesn’t seem much use going on. 4 It appears unlikely that we’ll arrive on time. 【VP4E】 Subject＋SEEM/APPEAR to -infinitive HAPPEN/CHANCE 1 The baby seems to be asleep/to be sleeping. 2 My enquiries seem to have been resented. 3 She happened to be out when I called. 4 We chanced to meet in the park. 5 There seems to have been some mistake.
7 【VP4F】 Subject＋BE to-infinitive 1 We’re to be married in May 【VP4F】 Subject＋BE to-infinitive 1 We’re to be married in May. 2 At what time am I to come? 3 How am I to pay my debts? 【VP5】 Subject＋anomalous finite infinitive 1 You may leave now. 2 You needn’t wait. 3 You’ll find it in that box. 4 I didn’t dare tell anyone. 5 You’d better start at once. 【VP6A】 Subject＋vt noun/pronoun 1 Did you enjoy the film? 2 We all had a good time. 3 Everyone likes her.
8 【VP6B】 Subject＋vt noun/pronoun 1 Have you had breakfast yet 【VP6B】 Subject＋vt noun/pronoun 1 Have you had breakfast yet? 2 She has green eyes. 3 Have you hurt yourself? 4 She smiled her thanks. 5 He dreamed a very odd dream. 【VP6C】 Subject＋vt gerund 1 She enjoys playing tennis. 2 Have you finished talking? 3 I resent being spoken to so rudely.
9 【VP6D】 Subject＋vt gerund 1 She loves going to the cinema 【VP6D】 Subject＋vt gerund 1 She loves going to the cinema. 2 I’ll continue working while my health is good. 3 He began talking about his clever children. 【VP6E】 Subject＋NEED/WANT/BEAR gerund 1 He’ll need looking after（= to be looked after ）. 2 My shoes want mending（= to be mended）. 3 His language wouldn’t bear repeating（= was too bad to be repeated）.
10 【VP7A】 Subject＋vt （not）＋to-infinitive 1 Do they want to go 【VP7A】 Subject＋vt （not）＋to-infinitive 1 Do they want to go? 2 He pretended not to see me. 3 We hope/expect/intend to climb Mount Everest. 4 I forgot/remembered to post your letters. 【VP7B】 Subject＋HAVE/ought （not）＋to-infinitive 1 Do you often have to work overtime? 2 You don’t have to leave yet, do you? 3 you ought not to waste your money there.
11 【VP8】 Subject＋vt interrogative pronoun/adverb＋to-infinitive 1 Do you know/see how to do it? 2 I couldn’t decide what to do next. 3 I ‘ve discovered where to give advice and when to be silent. 【VP9】 Subject＋vt that-clause 1 I suppose you’ll be leaving soon. 2 I wish you wouldn’t interrupt. 3 Do you think it’ll rain? 4 The workers decided that they would go on strike. 5 We intended that John should be invited.
12 【VP10】 Subject＋vt dependent clause/question 1 Does anyone know how it happened? 2 Come and see what I’ve done! 3 I wonder whether/if he’ll come. 4 She asked why I was late. 【VP11】 Subject＋vt noun/pronoun that-clause 1 He warned us that the roads were icy. 2 I convinced the policeman that I was innocent. 3 We satisfied ourselves that the plan would work.
13 【VP12A】 Subject＋vt IO DO 1 Won’t you lend him your car 【VP12A】 Subject＋vt IO DO 1 Won’t you lend him your car? 2 He doesn’t owe me anything. 3 He denied/grudged her nothing. 【VP12B】 Subject＋vt IO DO 1 She made herself a new dress. 2 Will you do me a favor? 3 She cooked her husband some sausages. 【VP12C】 Subject＋vt noun/pronoun noun/pronoun 1 Ask him his name. 2 I envy you your fine garden. 3 He struck the door a heavy blow.
14 【VP13A】 Subject＋vt DO to＋noun/pronoun 1 She told the news to everyone in the village. 2 He sold his old car to one of his neighbors. 3 I ‘ve sent presents to everyone in my family. 【VP13B】 Subject＋vt DO for＋noun/pronoun 1 She made a new dress for her daughter. 2 Will you do a favor for a friend of mine? 3 Can you cash this check for me?
15 【VP14】 Subject＋vt DO prep noun 1 We congratulated him on his success 【VP14】 Subject＋vt DO prep noun 1 We congratulated him on his success. 2 Compare the copy with the original. 3 He compared the heart to a pump. 4 I explained my difficulty to him. Subject＋vt prep＋noun DO 1 I explained to him the impossibility of granting his request. 2 I must leave it to your own to decide whether you should offer your resignation.
16 【VP15A】 Subject＋vt DO adverbial phrase 1 Don’t let the child put his head out of the car window/into the plastic bag. 2 The secretary showed me to the door/into the reception room. 3 Please put these papers on that desk/in that file/in my briefcase. 【VP15B】 Subject＋vt DO adverbial particle 1 Take them/your shoes off. 2 Don’t throw it/that old hat away. 3 Did you wind it/the clock up? Subject＋vt adverbial particle DO 1 Lock up all your valuables. 2 She gave away all her old clothes. 3 Don’t forget to switch off the lights in all the rooms downstairs.
17 【VP16A】 Subject＋vt DO to-infinitive 1 He brought his brother to see me 【VP16A】 Subject＋vt DO to-infinitive 1 He brought his brother to see me. 2 He opened the door to let the cat out. 3 They left me to do all the dirty work. 【VP16B】 Subject＋vt DO as/like＋noun as if/though＋clause 1 I can’t see myself as a pop signer. 2 Her parents spoilt her as a child. 3 He carries himself like a soldier. 4 You mustn’t treat your wife as if she were a servant. 【VP17】 Subject＋vt noun/pronoun （not）＋to-infinitive 1 He likes his wife to dress colorfully. 2 They warned us not to be late. 3 Do you want/wish me to stay.
18 【VP18A】 Subject＋vt noun/pronoun infinitive 1 Did you see/notice anyone leave the house? 2 We felt the house shake. 3 I once heard her sing the part of Aida. 【VP18B】 Subject＋vt noun/pronoun infinitive 1 What makes you think so? 2 Let me go! 3 I ‘ve never known him behave so badly before. 【VP18C】 Subject＋HAVE noun/pronoun infinitive 1 What would you have me do? 2 Have the visitors shown in, please. 3 I had a frightening thing happen to me yesterday. 4 We often have our friends visit us in Sundays.
19 【VP19A】 Subject＋vt noun/pronoun present participle 1 Can you smell something burning? 2 She could feel her heart beating wildly. 3 Did you notice anyone standing at the gate? 4 Didn’t you hear me knocking? 【VP19B】 Subject＋vt noun/pronoun present participle 1 I found John working at his desk. 2 They left me waiting outside. 3 This set me thinking. 4 Please start the clock going. 5 He soon had them all laughing. 【VP19C】 Subject＋vt noun/pronoun/possessive ing form of the verb 1 I can’t understand him/his behaving so foolishly. 2 Can you imagine me/my being so stupid? 3 does this justify you/your taking legal action? 4 I can’t remember my parents/their ever being unkind to me. 5 I admire Tom(‘s)/him/his standing his ground.
20 【VP20】 Subject＋vt noun/pronoun interrogative＋to-infinitive 1 I showed them how to do it. 2 Tell him where to put it. 3 Ask your teacher hoe to pronounce the word. 【VP21】 Subject＋vt noun/pronoun interrogative clause 1 Tell me what your name is. 2 Ask him where he put it. 3 Show me what you have in your pockets. 【VP22】 Subject＋vt DO adjective 1 We painted the ceiling green. 2 The sun keeps us warm. 3 The mud made walking difficult.
21 【VP23】 Subject＋vt DO noun 1 They made me president of the English Club 【VP23】 Subject＋vt DO noun 1 They made me president of the English Club. 2 They named the baby Peter. 3 They usually call her Tracy. 【VP24A】 Subject＋vt DO past participle 1 You must make your views known. 2 Have you ever heard this opera sung in the Italian? 3 We want the work finished by Saturday. 【VP24B】 Subject＋HAVE/GET DO past participle 1 King Charles had his head cut off. 2 I‘ve recently had my appendix removed. 3 They have scarcely any money saved for their old age.
22 【VP24C】 Subject＋HAVE/GET DO past participle 1 Can we have/get the program changed? 2 Please have/get these letters translated into English. 3 I’ll have/get the matter seen to. 【VP25】 Subject＋vt DO （to be）＋adjective/noun 1 Most people considered him （to be） innocent. 2 They all felt the plan to be unwise. 3 I’ve always fund Jonathan friendly/a good friend. 4 In Britain we presume a man （to be） innocent until he is proved guilty.