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ENHANCING NATIONAL CAPACITIES OF OIC COUNTRIES IN POVERTY STATISTICS Mazhar Hussain EGM on Enhancing Capacities in Poverty Statistics 7-8 August 2014,

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Presentation on theme: "ENHANCING NATIONAL CAPACITIES OF OIC COUNTRIES IN POVERTY STATISTICS Mazhar Hussain EGM on Enhancing Capacities in Poverty Statistics 7-8 August 2014,"— Presentation transcript:

1 ENHANCING NATIONAL CAPACITIES OF OIC COUNTRIES IN POVERTY STATISTICS Mazhar Hussain EGM on Enhancing Capacities in Poverty Statistics 7-8 August 2014, Ankara –Turkey SESRIC STATISTICAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING CENTRE FOR ISLAMIC COUNTRIES

2 SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND GEOGRAPHICAL BACKGROUND ….57 OIC countries are dispersed over a large geographical region spread out on four continents….account for one sixth of the world area and more than one fifth of the total world population…. ….27 OIC countries are classified among the world 55 low-income food-deficit countries (LIFDCs)…. ….contribute 11.3 % of the world total output (GDP, current $ PPP) and 12.5 % of world total merchandise exports…. ….18 OIC countries are currently classified as low-income countries and 32 are middle-income countries….and only 7 OIC countries are classified as high-income countries…. ….21 OIC countries, mostly from Sub-Saharan Africa, are classified among the world 39 Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPCs)….

3 STATE OF INCOME POVERTY IN OIC COUNTRIES..1/ % of OIC population living on less than 1$ a day which is well above the world average of 11.6% and developing countries average of 11.7% 31% of OIC population living below the threshold of 1.25$ a day by remaining quite above the world average of 14% and developing countries average of 17% 42% of OIC population living below the poverty threshold of 2$ a day compared to world average of 36% and developing countries average of 37% 1$/Day1.25$/Day2$/Day

4 STATE OF INCOME POVERTY IN OIC COUNTRIES..2/2 …. 31% of OIC population living below the international poverty threshold of 1.25$ a day… remaining quite above the world average of 14%.... ….97.5% of OIC total population living below international poverty line are living in member countries located in Sub-Saharan Africa (53.1% of OIC total), South Asia (29.3% of OIC total) and East Asia & Pacific (15.1% of OIC total)…. ….One third of total population is living below the international poverty line in 15 member countries.…14 of them from Sub-Saharan Africa

5 STATE OF MULTI-DIMENSIONAL POVERTY ….35% of OIC total population is multidimensional poor (accounting for 29% of the world total multidimensional poor) compared to 30% in the world and 28% in other developing countries.… ….83% of OIC total multidimensional poor are living in member countries located in Sub-Saharan Africa (46% of OIC total) and South Asia (37% of OIC total)…. ….more than half of total population is multi-dimensionally poor in 19 member countries.…16 of them from Sub-Saharan Africa

6 SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF POVERTY 14.5% of total OIC population is undernourished (i.e. 161 million people across OIC) compared to world average of 12% ….37% of U5 children are stunted and 23% are underweight adult literacy rate of 73.3% compared to world average of 80%....out of 100 women, only 67 can read and write while 80 of male population are literate life expectancy at birth is 65 year (3.5 years shorter than the world) …..one in every 20 children dies before first birthday….one in 11 children dies before fifth birthday FOOD SECURITY EDUCATIONHEALTH

7 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION !

8 ENHANCING NATIONAL CAPACITIES OF OIC COUNTRIES IN POVERTY STATISTICS Mazhar Hussain EGM on Enhancing Capacities in Poverty Statistics 7-8 August 2014, Ankara –Turkey SESRIC STATISTICAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING CENTRE FOR ISLAMIC COUNTRIES

9 PART I: UNDERSTANDING THE NATURE OF POVERTY..1/3 1.Basic Concepts and Definitions a.Income standards and welfare b.Poverty c.Inequality ….provides basic concepts and (alternative) definitions of poverty and inequality…

10 PART I: UNDERSTANDING THE NATURE OF POVERTY..2/3 2. Poverty and Inequality Measures a.Alternative measures of poverty and inequality b.New tools for poverty evaluation …. discusses traditional as well as newly developed measures of poverty and inequality and ….how they differ from each other……

11 PART I: UNDERSTANDING THE NATURE OF POVERTY..3/3 3. Socio-economic Impacts of Poverty and Inequality a.Areas where the major impacts are observed b.Factors channelling the impacts …. discusses linkages between poverty and some major socio-economic indicators like education, health, labour market, agriculture, food security, and participation and inclusion…and the factors channeling the impacts of poverty like employment, prices, assets, transfers and taxes, and access….

12 P ART II: S TATE OF P OVERTY IN OIC C OUNTRIES..1/4 4. Poverty Profile a.Analysis of major poverty indicators b.Linkages between growth and poverty …. analyses the state of poverty in OIC countries based on available data….also discusses the linkages between growth and poverty….considered to be the single most important factor influencing poverty….

13 P ART II: S TATE OF P OVERTY IN OIC C OUNTRIES..2/4 5. Causes of Poverty a.Demographic dynamics b.Economic dynamics c.Environmental dynamics d.Political dynamics …. discusses the main causes of poverty in OIC countries by highlighting the demographic, economic, environmental, and political dynamics….and their role in poverty and deprivation….

14 P ART II: S TATE OF P OVERTY IN OIC C OUNTRIES..3/4 6. Socio-economic Impacts of Poverty in OIC Countries a.Education b.Health c.Population and environment d.Employment e.Food security f.Participation …. focuses on the consequences of being poor on education, health, population and environment, employment, food security, and community participation….

15 P ART II: S TATE OF P OVERTY IN OIC C OUNTRIES..4/4 7. Major Challenges in Poverty Alleviation a.Access to basic services b.Financial resources c.Institutional capacity and political will d. Climate change …. discusses the major challenges faced in alleviating poverty…. including access to basic services, availability of financial resources, institutional capacity and political will, and climate change….

16 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION !


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