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Customs Recordkeeping Requirements 19 U.S.C. §1508 19 U.S.C. §1509 19 CFR §163.

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Presentation on theme: "Customs Recordkeeping Requirements 19 U.S.C. §1508 19 U.S.C. §1509 19 CFR §163."— Presentation transcript:

1 Customs Recordkeeping Requirements 19 U.S.C. § U.S.C. § CFR §163

2 Recordkeeping Requirements What are records? Part 163 defines records as any information made or normally kept in the ordinary course of business which pertains to: Any importation, declaration or entry; The transportation or storage of merchandise carried or held under bond into or from the customs territory of the United States; The filing of a drawback claim; The completion and signature of a NAFTA export Certificate of Origin; The collection and payment of fees and taxes to CBP; and Any other activity required to be undertaken pursuant to laws or regulations administered by CBP. 2

3 Recordkeeping Requirements 19 U.S.C. §1509(a)(1)(A) – “(a)(1)(A) list” The Customs Modernization Act (“Mod Act”) required CBP to compile a list of all the records required by law or regulation for the entry of merchandise and then publish this list. This list is referred to as the (a)(1)(A) list. This list does not create any new requirements. It merely lists existing requirements. 3

4 Recordkeeping Requirements Who is subject to Recordkeeping Requirements? An owner, importer, consignee, importer of record, entry filer or other person who: Imports merchandise into the customs territory of the United States; Files a drawback claim; Transports or stores merchandise carried or held under bond; or Knowingly cause the importation or transportation or storage of merchandise carried or held under bond into or from the customs territory of the U.S.; An agent of any person described above; or A person whose activities require the filing of a declaration or entry or both. 4

5 Recordkeeping Requirements How long are records required to be kept? As a general rule, records are required to be kept 5 years from the date of entry if the record relates to an entry or 5 years from the date of the activity which required creation of the record. Unless a recordkeeper has adopted alternative storage methods pursuant to 19 CFR §163.5, the recordkeeper must maintain the original records, whether paper or electronic. 5

6 Recordkeeping Penalties 1.If the failure is the result of of a willful failure to maintain, store or retrieve a demanded record, CBP may assess an administrative penalty for each release of merchandise, not to exceed $100,000 or an amount equal to 75% of the appraised value of the merchandise, whichever is less; or 2.If the failure is the result of a negligent failure to maintain, store or retrieve a demanded record, CBP may assess an administrative penalty for each release of merchandise, not to exceed $10,000 or an amount equal to 40% of the appraised value of the merchandise, whichever is less; and 3.If the demanded record relates to eligibility for an HTSUS column 1 special rate of duty, the entry will be liquidated at the column 1 general rate or if liquidated, shall be reliquidated at the HTSUS column 1 general rate. 6

7 Questions? Contact Global Trade Expertise: 7


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