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Presentation on theme: "David R. Ostheimer, Esq. Lamb & Lerch (212) 608-2700 COLUMBUS REGIONAL AIRPORT AUTHORITY GRANTEE OF FOREIGN-TRADE ZONE NO. 138."— Presentation transcript:


2 2 General Information on Foreign-Trade Zones

3  New Deal Legislation (maintain and create jobs and investment in the US)  Manufacturing Authorized (Public Law 566 of the 81 st Congress)  First FTZ Subzone created (Board Order No 29) 3

4  Value Amendment to Customs Regulations (19 C.F.R (e))  1984 –- Pilot Program for Weekly Entry for Manufacturing  Global Economy/Customs Duty Planning  Weekly Entry For Distribution  2009 –- Alternative Site Framework 4

5  10 General-Purpose Zones  3 Subzones  1,401 Jobs  $104 Million Volume (received)  11% Domestic Material  274 GP Zones Approved 257 currently authorized  660 Subzones Approved 515 currently authorized  330,000 Jobs (FY 2008)  $693 Billion Volume (received) (FY 2008)  57% Domestic Material (FY 2008) 5

6  FTZ No. 8 Toledo  FTZ No. 40 Cleveland  FTZ No. 46 Cincinnati  FTZ No. 100 Dayton  FTZ No. 101 Clinton County  FTZ No. 138 Rickenbacker  FTZ No. 151 Findlay  FTZ No. 181 Akron  FTZ No. 264 Washington County  FTZ No. 270 Lawrence County  3 of 10 Ohio FTZ Projects are operating under Alternative Site Framework 6


8  Foreign-Trade Zones Board -- Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of Treasury. These officials or their designee are empowered to issue to appropriate applicants the Grant of Authority to establish, maintain and operate FTZ projects  Foreign-Trade Zones Board staff -- Officials in the Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration responsible for overseeing the administration of Foreign Trade Zones. The Executive Secretary heads up this office  Port Director of Customs and Border Protection (CBP) -- Customs official with responsibility for overseeing the activation and operations of zone projects within his customs port of entry. 8

9  Grantee – Entity to whom the privilege of establishing, operating, and maintaining a foreign-trade zone has been granted  Operator – Entity that operates a zone or subzone under the terms of an Agreement with the Grantee. A Grantee can function as an Operator  User – Entity using a zone or subzone for storage, handling, or processing of merchandise  Property Owner – Entity that owns the property on which FTZ designation is bestowed 9

10  FTZ Eligibility -- Issuance of a Grant of Authority by the FTZ Board results in the designated area obtaining FTZ eligibility  Magnet Site – Is synonymous with the traditional concept of a general-purpose site. It is a location to which the Grantee tries to attract multiple operators/users  Usage Driven Site – A site that serves the needs for an entity not located at a Magnet site. A Usage-Driven site is limited to space needed for the usage that was the basis for the request. Similar in many respects to a subzone  Activation -- Filing of an application with CBP by the Operator, with the Grantee's concurrence, results in the actual utilization of an FTZ eligible site as an FTZ 10

11  Non-Privileged Foreign Status – Imported merchandise which has not been cleared by CBP and for which the User does not wish said merchandise to retain its identity, from a customs classification standpoint. As a result, if the merchandise is altered from a customs classification standpoint, it will become classifiable in its condition when it ultimately enters the customs territory of the United States  Privileged Foreign Status – Imported merchandise which has not been cleared by CBP and for which the User wishes said merchandise to retain its identity, from a customs classification standpoint, regardless of its condition when it ultimately enters the customs territory of the United States 11

12  Domestic Status – Merchandise produced in the United States or imported merchandise for which customs duties have already been paid  Zone Restricted Status - Merchandise which can not re-enter the U.S. customs territory – it must be wither exported or destroyed 12

13 13 FTZ Benefits

14 ‣Cash Flow Benefit -- Customs duties and excise taxes are not payable until merchandise is actually released from FTZ and enters U.S. customs territory ‣Duty Elimination -- Re-exported merchandise is not subject to payment of regular customs duties, countervailing and dumping duties nor excise taxes ‣Duty Elimination -- Non-conforming merchandise can be returned to foreign supplier or destroyed under Customs' supervision without being subjected to payment of customs duties and/or excise taxes 14

15 ‣Direct Delivery is available if the FTZ Operator is the owner or purchaser of the imported merchandise ‣Weekly Estimated Entry is available at the option of the Operator or User ‣Tighter Inventory Record Keeping -- Zone Users must adopt inventory control procedures in compliance with the Customs Regulations, which enables Users to maintain tighter inventory control over merchandise located within FTZ 15

16  Re-marking or Re-labeling of Merchandise -- Merchandise may be remarked or relabeled in to conform to U.S. Customs requirements  Zone Restricted Status -- Merchandise placed in a zone in "zone restricted" status is considered, for customs purposes, to have been exported from United States and, if applicable, duty drawback can be claimed 16

17  Inverted tariff -- Components with higher duty rate, utilized in production of articles with lower duty rate, can have their duty rate reduced to duty rate applicable to finished article  Lower Valuation -- The expense of labor, overhead and profit incurred in operations performed in FTZ is not subject to customs duties  Eliminate Duties on Exports -- Articles produced in FTZ that are re-exported without entering the customs territory of the U.S. are never subject to payment of U.S. customs duties, dumping and countervailing duties nor excise taxes 17

18  Eliminate Duty on Waste -- Any waste or scrap generated in manufacturing performed in FTZ is not subject to customs duties  Zone to Zone Transfer -- Articles can, in various stages of manufacture, be transferred from zone to zone  Made in USA -- Articles produced in an FTZ are considered products of the U.S. 18

19  Regulatory Procedure  Merchandise can be delivered to FTZ without prior application and approval on C.F. 214  Port Director shall approve application if three criteria are satisfied ◦ Merchandise is not restricted or of a type which requires CBP examination or documentation review before arrival at zone ◦ Merchandise to be admitted and operations to be conducted within zone are known well in advance, or predicable and stable over the long term ◦ Operator is the owner or purchaser of merchandise 19

20  Paperwork Reduction  Brokerage Fee Reduction  Merchandise Processing Fee (MPF) Reduction 20

21 21 Weekly Estimated Entry FTZ Savings

22 22 LA – 12 Shipments Portland– 20 Shipments NY – 8 Shipments Weekly Estimated Entry Example FTZ Facility

23 23 LA – 20 Shipments Seattle – 10 Shipments NY – 20 Shipments Weekly Estimated Entry Example FTZ Facility

24 NON-FTZ SCENARIO  All 50 shipments are entered into Customs territory at Port of Unloading so that the Broker will file 50 separate entries  Each of the 50 shipments is subject to MPF payment (50 X 485 = $24,250)  Each Shipment is subject to HMT payment (.125% of value) 24 Weekly Estimated Entry Example

25 FTZ SCENARIO  No separate consumption entries at Port of Unlading -- Merchandise moves in bond on IT  No MPF payment per shipment (1 entry per week = $485); weekly savings of $23,765 ($24,250 - $485); annual savings of $1,235,780)  HMT payments deferred for average of 60 days 25 Weekly Estimated Entry Example

26 26 FTZ Savings in a Warehouse Environment

27 Article DescriptionPLASMA TV MONITORS HTSUS Classification Annual Dollar Volume 60,000 $1,000 each $60,000,000 Duty Rate5% Annual Duty Liability$3,000,000 27

28 Annual Duty Liability$3,000,000 X Cost of Money5% = Yearly Savings if Un-entered$150,000 Divided by Daily Savings if Un-entered$411 Avg. # of Inventory Days120 FTZ Savings / Duty Deferral$49,320 28

29 FTZ Duty Elimination Benefit Annual $ Value /Exports$6,000,000 (10%) Annual $ Value /Defects$1,200,000 (2%) Annual $ Value Not Entered$7,200,000 Duty Rate5% Annual FTZ Duty Elimination$360,000 29


31  Duty Deferral Savings is based on average number of days vehicles remain in inventory and number of vehicles imported annually: ◦ Average FOB for Vehicle – $20,000 ◦ Duty Rate for Vehicle – 2.5% ◦ Average Duty on Vehicle - $ ◦ ROI – 7.5% ◦ Yearly ROI Savings on Vehicle - $37.50 ◦ Daily ROI Savings on Vehicle -- $0.10 ◦ Average Days Vehicle Remains in Inventory – 30 ◦ Average Savings Per Vehicle - $

32 32 FTZ Savings in Manufacturing Environment

33  Dough  Tomatoes  Ham  Onions  Swiss Cheese  Black Olives  Lettuce  Secret Sauce 33 The Ostheimer Concoction consists of the following Ingredients These ingredients are combined in specified amounts, baked in laser reactors, frozen at -100F and vacuum packed at the production facilities of OCC in New Jersey.

34  The Ostheimer Concoction, if imported, would be dutiable as an “edible preparation” at 3%  OCC imports 5 of the ingredients utilized in the Ostheimer Concoction – the Dough, Ham, Swiss Cheese, Onions and Black Olives. The lettuce comes from California, the Tomatoes from New Jersey and the Secret Sauce from Parts Unknown, USA 34

35  Dough is dutiable at a 2% duty rate  Ham is dutiable at a 10% duty rate  Swiss Cheese is subject to a 20% duty rate  Onions are duty free  Black Olives are dutiable at a 8% duty rate 35

36  Foreign dough – 12 cents  Foreign ham – 27 cents  Foreign swiss cheese – 20 cents  U.S. lettuce – 8 cents  U.S. tomatoes – 11 cents  Foreign onions – 6 cents  Foreign black olives – 16 cents  U.S. secret sauce – 11 cents 36 The value of the respective ingredients used in one Ostheimer Concoction are as follows: Overhead, labor and profit is 19 cents Total Cost (exclusive of Customs Duties) of one Ostheimer Concoction is $1.30

37  Dough.24 cents (12 cents x 2%)  Ham2.7 cents (27 cents x 10%)  Swiss Cheese4.0 cents (20 cents x 20%)  Onions0 cents  Black Olives1.28 cents (16 cents x 8%) 37 TOTAL DUTIES FOR ONE OSTHEIMER CONCOCTION is 8.22 cents. If the imported ingredients were entered directly into the customs territory of the United States, the following duties would be owed for the ingredients necessary for one Concoction:

38  Since the duty rates for dough (2%) and onions (0%) are less than the duty rate for the Ostheimer Concoction (3%) they would be admitted in PFS. Since the duty rates for the ham (10%), swiss cheese (20%) and black olives (8%) are higher than the duty rate for the Ostheimer Concoction, they would be admitted in NPFS  The lettuce, tomatoes and secret sauce would all be admitted into the zone as domestic status merchandise 38

39 NPF (Duty Rate = 3%):  Ham27 cents x 90% = 24.3 cents  Swiss Cheese20 cents x 85% = 17 cents  Black Olives16 cents x 100% =16 cents Total NPF = 57.3 cents at 3% = 1.72 cents PF:  Dough12 cents x 2% =.24 cents  Onions6 cents x 0% = 0 cents Total PF =.24 cents Total Duties =1.72 cents +.24 cents = 1.96 cents 39 In producing an Ostheimer Concoction, some ingredients result in waste. The ham and swiss cheese are both trimmed with a waste factor of 10% for the ham and 15% for the swiss cheese. The duties owed on one Ostheimer Concoction would therefore be:

40  Savings Realized by OCC through the Inverted Tariff Principle is 6.26 cents/Concoction (8.22 cents cents)  Assuming OCC produces 10 million Ostheimer Concoctions per month, Zone Utilization results in a monthly savings of $626,000 and an annual savings of $7,512,000 40

41  Company engaged in converting silicon metal into polysilicon and silane gas  Companies engaged in production of wind turbines including nacelles, blades and towers  Companies engaged in joining gas turbine and electric generator to make up electric generator set  Company engaged in converting PAN precusor into carbon fiber 41

42 42 Primary FTZ Users

43 Consumer Electronics $ BOther Electrical Products/Parts $1.335 BBeverages/Spirits$406 M Other Metals/Minerals $9.242 BVehicle Parts$1.048 BPharmaceutical Products $396M Vehicles$7.039 BMachinery/ Equipment $740 MElectrical Machinery & Equipment $307 M Petroleum Products $4.502 BShips/Boats$736 MChemical Products$244 M Textiles/Footwear /Leather $1.368 BOther Consumer Products $650 MIron/Steel$237 M 43

44 Crude Oil$ BVehicles$1.130 BTextiles/Footwear /Leather $505 M Petroleum Products $ BOther Consumer Products $896 MOther Metals/Minerals $487 M Pharmaceutical Products $6.998 BOther Electronics Products/Parts $792 MElectrical Machinery & Equipment $377 M Vehicle Parts$4.807 BChemical Products$765 MPlastic/Rubber Products $365 M Machinery /Equipment $2.860 BConsumer Electronics $707 MPetrochemical Products $269 M 44

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