Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Retail Merchandising TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 1 CHAPTER 3.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Retail Merchandising TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 1 CHAPTER 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 Retail Merchandising TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 1 CHAPTER 3

2 Retail Merchandising  The dimensions of merchandise planning  The concept of range planning  The six month merchandise plan  The concept of open to buy TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 2

3 Retail Merchandising TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 3

4 Retail Merchandising TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 4

5 Retail Merchandising  The projection of achievable sales revenue, based on historical sales data, analysis of market surveys and trends, and salespersons’ estimates is termed as a sales forecast. Also called sales budget.  A sales forecast may be made by the merchandiser based on the targets given by the top management or may be handed down by the top management itself depending on the retail organisation. TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 5

6 Retail Merchandising Forecasts are typically developed to answer the following questions:  How much of each product will need to be purchased?  Should new products be added to the merchandise assortment?  What price should be charged for the product? TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 6

7 Retail Merchandising  Review past sales  Analysing the economic conditions and the market opportunities  Analysing the changes in the marketing strategies of the retail organisation and the competition  Creating the sales forecast TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 7

8 Retail Merchandising TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 8

9 Retail Merchandising  The merchandise budget is the first stage in the planning of merchandise. It is a financial plan, which gives an indication of how much to invest in product inventories, stated in monetary terms. TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 9

10 Retail Merchandising The merchandise budget usually comprises of :  The sales plan  The stock support plan  The planned reductions  The planned purchase levels  The gross margins TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 10

11 Retail Merchandising  Range plans are at the level of the company & the department level.  The aim of the range plan is to create a balanced range for each category of products that the retailer chooses to offer.  The process of range planning ensures that the goals of the merchandise plan fall into specific lines, many a times the SKUs. TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 11

12 Retail Merchandising Good range planning should essentially take care of the following:  Ensure that sufficient number of items/ options available to the customer,  Ensure that over buying and under buying is limited, and  Ensure that sufficient quantities of the product are available. TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 12

13 Retail Merchandising  The six-month merchandise plan is a tool that translates the profit objectives into a framework of merchandise planning and then control.  The main objective of creating this plan is to prepare a month-by-month purchasing schedule for the retail organisation. TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 13

14 Retail Merchandising Points to be kept in mind: 1. The merchandise budget should be prepared in advance of the selling season. 2. The language of the budget should be easy to understand. 3. Since the economy is ever changing, the merchandise budget must be planned for a relatively short period of time- six months is the normal norm. 4. The budget should be flexible enough so that changes are not impossible. TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 14

15 Retail Merchandising TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 15

16 Retail Merchandising Planned Sales  Planned Sales are the projected sales for the period that is planned. Planned Purchases  It represent the merchandise that is to be purchased during any given period.  Planned purchases are calculated by using the following formula: Planned Purchases = Planned Sales + Planned Reductions + Planned EOM- Planned BOM TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 16

17 Retail Merchandising Planned Reductions  Markdowns, employee discounts and inventory shrinkage come under the heading of planned reductions. Planned Markdowns  Markdowns are deductions in prices and may occur because of many reasons ranging from bad quality of merchandise, competitive products, change in trends, etc. Employee Discounts  The discounts given to the employees for buying the company’s products. TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 17

18 Retail Merchandising Shrinkage  It is the loss of merchandise due to theft or pilferage. Planned Markup  Markups vary depending on the type of the product, the audience that it is targeted and the market trends.  Markup in Rupees= Selling price-Cost price Gross Margin  It is the difference between the selling price and the cost of the product, less reductions for markdowns, shrinkage and employee discounts.  To determine the GM for each month, all purchases and inventories must be converted to cost price. TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 18

19 Retail Merchandising  Planning End-of-Month (E.O.M.) or Beginning-of-Month (B.O.M) inventory levels is another important element of the six-month merchandising plan.  Four methods of Inventory Planning are: ◦ Stock-to-Sales Method ◦ Basic Stock Method ◦ Percentage Variation Method ◦ Week’s Supply Method TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 19

20 Retail Merchandising  The Stock-to-Sales (S/S) is a ratio of the amount of inventory on hand at a particular date to the sales for the same period. S/S ratio= Stock on hand E.O.M. (at retail value) Sales for the same month  A pre-requisite for calculating the Stock-to-sales ratio is for the retailer to have a beginning of the month stock/sales ratio. Stock-sales ratio= Value of inventory/Actual sales Planned BOM Inventory= Stock-sales ratio X Planned sales TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 20

21 Retail Merchandising  In this method the buyer believes that he needs to carry certain fixed amount of inventory in the store at all times.  It is calculated using the following formula: TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 21

22 Retail Merchandising  This method of inventory calculation is used in case the stock turnover typically exceeds six times a year.  It is calculated using the following formula: BOM Stock= Avg. stock for season*1/2* [1+ (Planned sales for the month/Average monthly sales)] TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 22

23 Retail Merchandising  Retailers who need to maintain a control on the inventories on a weekly basis may use this method.  It can be calculated by using the following formula: TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 23

24 Retail Merchandising Once the buyer and retailer have determined the method of inventory planning, the six-month merchandise plan can be finalised. TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 24

25 Retail Merchandising TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 25

26 Retail Merchandising TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 26

27 Retail Merchandising The purpose 1. Depending on the sales for the month and the reductions the merchandise buying can be adjusted. 2. The planned relation between the stock and sales can be maintained. TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 27

28 Retail Merchandising Limits overbuying and under buying Prevents loss of sales due to unavailability of the required stock. Maintain purchases within the budgeted limits Reduce markdowns, which may arise due to excess buying. TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 28

29 Retail Merchandising Open to Buy= Planned EOM Stock- Projected EOM Stock Open to Buy is always calculated for current and future periods. TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 29


Download ppt "Retail Merchandising TMH Swapna Pradhan Retail Merchandising 1 CHAPTER 3."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google