Presentation on theme: "The History of the Church Pt II"— Presentation transcript:
1The History of the Church Pt II Chapter 15The Church Faces Challenges
2The history of the Church reveals many human decisions. Impt. To remember the Church is both-human and divine.Even when there are: bad decisionsweak leadersevil events –We can trust the Holy Spirit to lead us so that God’s saving plan can be carried out.No matter what happens the Holy Spirit is with us
3Too Many Popes 14th century Pope Clement V moved papacy from Rome to Avignon, France.(Italians not happy about this.)By creating a majority of French cardinals, Clement assured a line of French popes.Avignon became an extravagant papal court that served the interests of the king.
4King of France Philip the Fair had control of the papacy He imposed high taxes on the French clergyHe tried the bishops in his courtBoniface VIII reprimanded himPhilip sent soldiers to imprison the Pope.He ruled over 6 popes
5Clement V Became pope after Boniface Over powered by PhillipAvignon – remained center of the ChurchExtravagant papal courtServed interests of the king
6St. Catherine of Siena Well known mediator Wrote letters to Pope and visited him in AvignonUrged him to return to Rome
7Pope Urban VI became pope Pope Gregory XIReturned the papacy to RomePope Urban VI became popeCardinals dissatisfiedCardinals elected another popeClement VIIReturned to France
8Urban VI elected 28 new Cardinals Christians supported both popes and papal courtsThird pope was elected and further added to confusion
9they elected the French cardinal Robert of Geneva, who became antipope (is a person who, in opposition to the one who is generally seen as the legitimately elected Pope, )Two popes claimed to head the Catholic Church – one in Rome , one in France.Nations took sides and thus unrest in the world.For short time 3 men claimed to be pope.Thus began the Western Schism that wracked the Roman Church for 40 years.French “Church” and Roman “Church”
10Urban VI Italian Pope hoped to unite the faithful His harsh reign enraged the French Cardinals in AvignonFrench Cardinals declared Urban’s election as “null because it was not made freely but under through fear.”
11Council of Constance Chose Martin V to be pope Others deposed Ended the great Western Schism
12Church Council of Constance restored the papacy to Rome.
13Great Western Schism - the period from 1378 to 1417, when there were two, and later three, rival popes,each with his own following, his own Sacred College of Cardinals, and his own administrative offices.
14Vatican Today As a result of the Great Western Schism: The Vatican became:Sovereign nationSmallest in worldThis prevents any country from claiming ownership or authority over papacyPope cares for souls not land or property or one countryTruly Catholic (universal) He is the Pope for all Catholics
15The Black Death Bubonic plague – crisis during 14th century Swollen glandsDead in hours1/3 of Europe’s pop died50 yearsPriest, nuns and monks helped people by bringing them food and burying them with dignitySuffering makes one think more of GodPeople became more religious
16Anointing the sickWhen ill people come face to face with God and ask Him for help. Church answered this with Anointing of the SickThose suffering from illness receive a special gracePriest anoints head and hands of sick personThey are strengthened and given courage , peace and dignity to endure their sufferingSpiritual and physical healing can take place
17A New Age – 16th century Renaissance – rebirth Emphasis on human achievement rather than divine presenceRevival of classical cultures of Greece and RomeLess interest in religionNew nations – kings wanted to take away power of ChurchPrinting press – spread ideasPeople questioned the ChurchAbout faithAbout role of Church in their lives
18Bishops during Renaissance lived life of princesNeglected spiritual leadershipTook advantage of the people esp. poorb/c of these bishops people questionedLifestyles of ChurchTeaching of the Church
19Renaissance Popes Great builders Patrons of arts Decadent lifestyle Favored their family over people of ChurchAcquired great personal wealth and landWere Involved in politics of countriesSad time in Church history
20Call for change Martin Luther Catholic priest Professor of theology and ScriptureYoung monk he wondered what he needed to do for salvationConclusion; salvation cannot be earned. It is by faithHe saw what was happening to the real mission of the Church
21Church teaches: Faith is necessary for salvation Good works is also necessary
22Some thought they could buy their way to heaven through donations instead of good works. Church leaders sold “indulgences” (remission of sins) in benefit of themselves and Church
23Luther posted a list of 95 objections on the door of the Church in Germany Some ideas which departed from ChurchChurch – God speaks through Scripture and TraditionLuther – only Scripture- believed in only those sacraments found in Scripture (baptism, Eucharist, confirmation- did not believe in Pope, priesthood, religious life or acts of penance
24Luther believed:that humans were basically sinfuland lost their ability to choose spiritual goodPeople need only faith to gain eternal lifeMass, sacraments, good works, authority of Church, priesthood, papacy not necessaryMarried a nun and raised 6 children of own and 4 orphaned children
25Pope- forbade Luther to preach or write about his objections Excommunicated LutherLuther continued his protestPrinces /nobles backed him for political reasonsLutheran Church formedAugsburg Confessions – creed of Lutheran Church
26Protestant Reformation Appearance of separate Christian communitiesLutheran/Catholic
27Progress Toward Reconciliation 1998 Catholic Church and Lutheran Churches signed a Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification.Both accept the notion that we are saved by God’s grace through faith in Jesus Christ and are thus called to good works.
282006 Catholic Church and World Methodist conferences also signed the Joint Declaration
29A Friend Turned Foe England and the Pope Begin 16 th century England loyal to PopeHenry VIII received the title Defender of the Faith from pope regarding his writings supporting Church against LutherKatherine was unable to bear him a son so he asked for an annulmentPope refused
30Henry declared that the Church in England would be under him instead of the Pope Anyone who did not acknowledge Henry VIII as head of the Church of England was put to deathChurch of England – Anglican ChurchUS: Episcopal Church