2 #1 In 1790 most American did NOT expect the government to do which of these? A monitor the economy and pay off the debtB monitor and control trade of both imports and exportsC pass fair tax laws, help small businesses and not interfere in daily lifeD institute the right to settle western lands
3 B monitor and control trade of both imports and exports
4 A procedure” B precursor” C policy” D precedent” #2 The new federal government in America took actions that would set an example for the future. In Washington’s words, these exemplary actions “will serve to establish aA procedure”B precursor”C policy”D precedent”
6 #3 Which of the following issues did NOT divide Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson like many other issues would?A how to address the national debtB how to repay the value of bondsC whether or not to move the capitalD whether or not to limit the federal government
8 #4 The national debt can best be defined as the amount of money owed A to the nation by the nation’s citizens and foreign countriesB by the nation to the foreign countries and the nation’s citizensC to the federal government by individual statesD by the federal government to domestic debtors
9 B by the nation to the foreign countries and the nation’s citizens
10 #5 Alexander Hamilton stood for a loose reading of the Constitution, but Thomas Jefferson stood for A flexible constructionB soft constructionC strict constructionD tight construction
12 #6 According to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, what was the most serious flaw in Alexander Hamilton’s plan for a national bank?A The federal government lacked the authority to create a national bank making the bank unconstitutional.B Keeping the nation’s money in one place would create and unnecessary risk endangering the economy in case of foreign attackC A national bank would put private money lenders out of business giving the federal government a monopoly on granting loansD A national bank would rob the states of power, leading to friction between the states and the federal government.
13 A The federal government lacked the authority to create a national bank making the bank unconstitutional.
14 #7 Which of the following was NOT one of the reasons why Alexander Hamilton wanted a national bank for the United States?A to secure the national economyB to have the money to pay for a national health plan for all its citizensC to provide for a place for the government to keep its moneyD to make loans to businesses and citizens
15 B to have the money to pay for a national health plan for all its citizens
16 A contamination B competition C theft D boycott #8 A “protective tariff” adds a tax to the price of imported goods to protect domestic products from foreignA contaminationB competitionC theftD boycott
18 A Boston B New York City C New Orleans D Washington D.C. #9 Alexander Hamilton changed Southerners’ minds about paying war debt by convincing northern members of Congress to move the capital to where?A BostonB New York CityC New OrleansD Washington D.C.
20 #10 Alexander Hamilton’s vision of a robust economy depended on the contributions of business people and manufacturers but Thomas Jefferson's vision put greater emphasis onA teachers and educationB farmers and agricultureC merchants and small businessD doctors and healthcare
22 #11 George Washington’s statement that America would not take sides in disputes between warring European countries was called?A the Swiss PactB the Neutrality ProclamationC the Peace Treaty of 1793D Pinckney’s Treaty
24 #12 Why did some members of Congress criticize George Washington’s pronouncement about staying out of disputes between European Countries?A They felt the president was overstepping the bounds of his authority and wanted to enforce the separation of powers.B They felt there was a clear favorite in the disputes between France and Great Britain and wanted to express their sympathies.C They felt it would be best for national security if the United States forged clear alliances with foreign countries.D They felt that the president’s idea was sensible, but that the executive branch should have to answer to the legislative branch.
25 A They felt the president was overstepping the bounds of his authority and wanted to enforce the separation of powers.
26 #13 Why did Thomas Jefferson criticize the U.S. policy towards France? A He disagreed with George Washington’s stand on foreign alliances because he believed the new U.S. should use its military power whenever it couldB He believed the U.S. owed France support because France had backed the U.S. during the Revolutionary War.C He wanted to undermine Alexander Hamilton’s pro-British stance and reduce his rivals in influence on the president’s foreign policyD He was eager to quit his position in George Washington’s cabinet and saw the French issue as a convenient excuse.
27 B He believed the U.S. owed France support because France had backed the U.S. during the Revolutionary War.
28 #14 Which statement best expresses George Washington’s attitude toward Jay’s Treaty? A He did not like it but believed it was the most that could be done.B He urged the Senate not to approve it in hopes of a better compromise.C He felt it was the best possible solution to the British threat to U.S. neutrality.D He was glad to pay off the country’s pre-Revolutionary debts to the British
29 A He did not like it but believed it was the most that could be done.
30 A France B Britain C Spain D Mexico #15 Pinckney’s Treaty addressed American settlers’ disputes over the Florida border with which country?A FranceB BritainC SpainD Mexico
32 #16 The greatest threat to American expansion into the Northwest Territories was A diseases, such as smallpox and influenza, spread by American IndiansB American Indian tribes supplied with guns and ammunition by the BritishC Americans’ inability to counter attacks on supply lines into the territoriesD Americans’ inability to cope with harsh winter conditions and inadequate forts
33 B American Indian tribes supplied with guns and ammunition by the British
34 A esophagus B lungs C heart D bones #17 On their march to the western frontier to fight the American Indians many of General Wayne’s troops were afflicted with influenza, a disease of theA esophagusB lungsC heartD bones
36 #18 How did the Whiskey Rebellion end? A Tax collectors tarred and feathered the rebels before Washington’s army arrivedB The rebels hid their stores of whiskey before Washington’s army arrived.C Most of the rebels fled before Washington’s army arrived.D Most of the rebels formed a militia and battled Washington’s Army.
37 C Most of the rebels fled before Washington’s army arrived.
38 #19 President Washington personally led the militia against the westerners in the Whiskey Rebellion because ?A he felt individual farmers should have to pay off the national debt trough taxesB he felt the federal government was owed taxes for providing settlers with protection and opportunities for tradeC he felt people needed to understand the Constitutional right of Congress to institute tax lawsD he felt the rebellion might spark similar incidents of violence
39 C he felt people needed to understand the Constitutional right of Congress to institute tax laws
40 #20 In George Washington’s farewell address, he did NOT warn against which of the following dangers? A making foreign alliancesB burdening future generations with debtC increasing political conflicts at homeD maintaining the institution of slavery
48 #24 How was a vice president chosen in 1796? A He ran alongside the presidential candidateB He was elected by popular voteC He was the presidential candidate who came in secondD He was appointed by the president-elect
49 C He was the presidential candidate who came in second
50 #25 Who became vice president as a result of the 1796 election? A JeffersonB AdamsC MadisonD Hamilton
52 A industry B trade C federal government power D state government power #26 Alexander Hamilton helped found the Federalist Party, which wanted to limit what?A industryB tradeC federal government powerD state government power
54 A speech B press C expression D religion #27 The Republicans took control from the Federalist in 1800 as a result of popular distaste for the Alien and Sedition Acts, which limited all EXECPT which of the following freedom?A speechB pressC expressionD religion
56 #28 The Alien and Sedition Acts were supported by the Federalist as a way to A protect the country from Republican criticsB limit the government power over foreigners and criticize the governmentC imprison foreigners and journalistD punish French speakers
58 #29 Republicans’ main criticism of the Alien and Seditions Acts was that they A gave too much power to the national government and interfered with state governmentB took too many rights, such as freedom of speech, away from foreignersC went against the American policy of neutralityD forced the press to publish falsehoods
59 A gave too much power to the national government and interfered with state government
60 A TGIF Talks B ABC Incident C RST Event D XYZ Affair #30 During the presidency of John Adams, three French agents would discuss a treaty with the U.S. only in exchange for a bribe. The incident came to be known as theA TGIF TalksB ABC IncidentC RST EventD XYZ Affair
62 #31 Which best describes President John Adams’s attitude toward going to war with France? A He was eager to go to war despite the cost.B He wanted war, but would not declare it without congressional approval.C He thought war might be unavoidable and gave up hope for a treaty.D He refused to go to war despite protests by members of his own party.
63 D He refused to go to war despite protests by members of his own party.
64 #32 The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions were put forward by which leaders? A Hamilton and MadisonB Jefferson and MadisonC Adams and JeffersonD Adams and Hamilton
66 #33 “Loose construction” is best defined as A the idea that the parts of the Constitution need not be interpreted in the context of the whole.B the interpretation that says the federal government can take reasonable actions in special cases as long as they are not specifically forbidden by the Constitution.C the notion that there is an elasticity to the Constitution that allows politicians to stretch it in order to deal with any new situation.D the position that says the Constitution allows only necessary means to deal with new situations and should not be stretched merely because politicians find it convenient.
67 B the interpretation that says the federal government can take reasonable actions in special cases as long as they are not specifically forbidden by the Constitution.
68 #34 The Judiciary Act of 1789 was passed by President George Washington to set up a system of federal courts because he believed thatA the stability and success of the national government depends on the interpretation and execution of its laws by an independent judicial branch.B the problems of crime and violence caused by a growing population could be prevented by extending the reach of the judicial branch.C with the executive and legislative branches securely in place, the judiciary branch was the last piece needed to complete the puzzle of a new government.D when cases of constitutional interpretation arose the executive and legislative branches would not have time to make good judgments.
69 A the stability and success of the national government depends on the interpretation and execution of its laws by an independent judicial branch.
70 #35 What is the Electoral College? A a body of delegates from each state that casts the deciding votes for presidentB a school for the advanced study of voting practices and political campaigningC a group of voters hand-picked for cabinet positions by the president-electD a name given to all voters who cast ballots in presidential elections
71 A a body of delegates from each state that casts the deciding votes for president
72 #36 Which statement best answers the question of whether or not there were political divisions in America in 1789?A The fact that George Washington was selected unanimously showed that there were probably no political divisions.B Public debates over who would serve in George Washington’s cabinet showed that tension surrounded political appointments.C George Washington’s passage of the Judiciary Act of 1789 showed that the greatest struggle was between presidential and legislative authority.D The splitting of the executive branch into departments showed that social issues divided the country.
73 A The fact that George Washington was selected unanimously showed that there were probably no political divisions.
74 #37 What is one way that Abigail Adams and Judith Sargent Murray were different from Martha Washington?A Martha Washington strongly supported the idea of Republican MotherhoodB They believed that it was up to the men in the family to raise children to be good citizens.C They wanted women to play a more important role in the new nation than Martha Washington did.D They believed that the First Lady should just entertain guests and attend social functions.
75 C They wanted women to play a more important role in the new nation than Martha Washington did.
76 A national policy B foreign policy C economic policy D tax policy #38 In general, Congress created departments in the executive branch to address what type of policy?A national policyB foreign policyC economic policyD tax policy
78 #39 In 1790, how did Americans feel about the future of their new government? A Their expectations were high because they trusted their leaders to protect their economic and security interests.B They were uncertain because they had experienced only monarchy and didn’t know whether the democratic experiment would succeed.C Their expectations were low because they questioned the president’s honesty and disliked the First Lady.D They worried because they knew the nation was deep in debt from the Revolutionary War.
79 A Their expectations were high because they trusted their leaders to protect their economic and security interests.
80 #40 Which statement best characterizes American farmers in 1790? A They were independent people who didn’t want government interfering in their daily lives.B They were civic-minded people who took every opportunity to organize and participate in community events.C They were hard working and generous people who wanted to have their tax money distributed to those less fortunate.D They were extremely competitive people and refused to accept any law designed to protect them from foreign rivals.
81 A They were independent people who didn’t want government interfering in their daily lives.
82 #41 Why did Alexander Hamilton take measures to limit the national bank’s power? A He believed in strict construction of the Constitution and didn't believe in the bank.B He did not want to create a banking monopoly that lasted indefinitely.C He was not a Federalist.D He believed in states’ rights, and wanted the states to have banks of their own.
83 B He did not want to create a banking monopoly that lasted indefinitely.
84 # 42 According to George Washington’s Farewell Address, what was the key to national success? A political unityB neutrality in foreign policyC economic securityD checks and balances