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Chapter 20: Enlightenment and Revolution in England 20.1 Civil War and Revolution.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 20: Enlightenment and Revolution in England 20.1 Civil War and Revolution."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 20: Enlightenment and Revolution in England 20.1 Civil War and Revolution

2 I. Charles I and Parliament A.Charles I (son of James I) believed in Divine Right B.Battles of funding C.Petition of Right- presented by Parliament 1.King can not tax without permission of Parl. 2.Could not declare martial law 3.Could not board soldiers in private homes during peacetime 4.Could not imprison without a specific charge D.Charles dismissed for 11 yrs E.Revolt in Scotland F.Charles calls Parliament into session

3 II. The Long Parliament A.Meet on and off for 20 yrs B.Passed law- Parliament must meet at least once every 3 yrs C.Parliament controls taxes D.Tried to change Anglican Church- too Radical E.Irish Rebellion- Irish Catholics vs. English rule F.Led to Civil War- Charles I and House of Commons

4 III. English Civil War A.Kings supporters: Anglicans, Catholics, nobles- royalist or Cavaliers B.Parliament supporters: Puritans, Non- Anglican Protestants- Roundheads C.Cromwell vs. Charles I- New Model Army defeats Charles D.Cromwell controlled Parliament- Rump Parliament- abolished monarchy

5 IV. Cromwell’s Commonwealth A.Oliver Cromwell- 1.Honest devout Puritan 2.Lord protector from Military dictator B.Republic- established constitution C.Unpopular but brutally effective D.Navigation Act of war with Dutch

6 V. End of Revolution A.Republican government failed B.Cromwell’s son Richard loses army’s support C.Parliament invited Charles II to return to English throne

7 Fun Facts September When Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660, some of his supporters had Cromwell's body dug up and hanged(!) from a gallows as a traitor. His remains were later buried at the foot of the gibbet. Oliver Cromwell had five sons and four daughters with a woman he married out of convenience.


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