Presentation on theme: "Chapter 20: Enlightenment and Revolution in England"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 20: Enlightenment and Revolution in England 20.1 Civil War and Revolution
2 I. Charles I and Parliament Charles I (son of James I) believed in Divine RightBattles of fundingPetition of Right- presented by ParliamentKing can not tax without permission of Parl.Could not declare martial lawCould not board soldiers in private homes during peacetimeCould not imprison without a specific chargeCharles dismissed for 11 yrsRevolt in ScotlandCharles calls Parliament into session
3 II. The Long Parliament Meet on and off for 20 yrs Passed law- Parliament must meet at least once every 3 yrsParliament controls taxesTried to change Anglican Church- too RadicalIrish Rebellion- Irish Catholics vs. English ruleLed to Civil War- Charles I and House of Commons
4 III. English Civil WarKings supporters: Anglicans, Catholics, nobles- royalist or CavaliersParliament supporters: Puritans, Non-Anglican Protestants- RoundheadsCromwell vs. Charles I- New Model Army defeats CharlesCromwell controlled Parliament- Rump Parliament- abolished monarchy
5 IV. Cromwell’s Commonwealth Oliver Cromwell-Honest devout PuritanLord protector fromMilitary dictatorRepublic- established constitutionUnpopular but brutally effectiveNavigation Act of war with Dutch
6 V. End of Revolution Republican government failed Cromwell’s son Richard loses army’s supportParliament invited Charles II to return to English throne
7 Fun FactsSeptember When Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660, some of his supporters had Cromwell's body dug up and hanged(!) from a gallows as a traitor. His remains were later buried at the foot of the gibbet.Oliver Cromwell had five sons and four daughters with a woman he married out of convenience.