Presentation on theme: "Chapter 20: Enlightenment and Revolution in England"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 20: Enlightenment and Revolution in England 20.1 Civil War and Revolution
2I. Charles I and Parliament Charles I (son of James I) believed in Divine RightBattles of fundingPetition of Right- presented by ParliamentKing can not tax without permission of Parl.Could not declare martial lawCould not board soldiers in private homes during peacetimeCould not imprison without a specific chargeCharles dismissed for 11 yrsRevolt in ScotlandCharles calls Parliament into session
3II. The Long Parliament Meet on and off for 20 yrs Passed law- Parliament must meet at least once every 3 yrsParliament controls taxesTried to change Anglican Church- too RadicalIrish Rebellion- Irish Catholics vs. English ruleLed to Civil War- Charles I and House of Commons
4III. English Civil WarKings supporters: Anglicans, Catholics, nobles- royalist or CavaliersParliament supporters: Puritans, Non-Anglican Protestants- RoundheadsCromwell vs. Charles I- New Model Army defeats CharlesCromwell controlled Parliament- Rump Parliament- abolished monarchy
5IV. Cromwell’s Commonwealth Oliver Cromwell-Honest devout PuritanLord protector fromMilitary dictatorRepublic- established constitutionUnpopular but brutally effectiveNavigation Act of war with Dutch
6V. End of Revolution Republican government failed Cromwell’s son Richard loses army’s supportParliament invited Charles II to return to English throne
7Fun FactsSeptember When Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660, some of his supporters had Cromwell's body dug up and hanged(!) from a gallows as a traitor. His remains were later buried at the foot of the gibbet.Oliver Cromwell had five sons and four daughters with a woman he married out of convenience.