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Charles I (1600-1649). Born: 19 November 1600, at Fife, Scotland Parents: James I and Anne of Denmark As a child: - weakness - slow physical development.

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Presentation on theme: "Charles I (1600-1649). Born: 19 November 1600, at Fife, Scotland Parents: James I and Anne of Denmark As a child: - weakness - slow physical development."— Presentation transcript:

1 Charles I ( )

2 Born: 19 November 1600, at Fife, Scotland Parents: James I and Anne of Denmark As a child: - weakness - slow physical development - stammer 1625: became King of England, Scotland and Ireland In 1611

3 1628 important rule of the government Charles promised: - would raise money by act of Parliament - wouldn’t imprison anyone without lawful reason

4 : Charles ruled without the Parliament -trade and commerce grew - budgets balancing - good administrations - peace with Spain and France - Royal Navy

5 Puritans: wanted a democratic Church and to remove the Anglican bishops Married: Henrietta Maria became unpopular William Laud: tried to make the Scottish Church like the English Church national resistance Henrietta Maria William Laud

6 Spring 1638: a Scottish army rebelled against Charles weak English army pay money to make the Scots return home money from the Parliament 13 April 1640: the Short Parliament refused the king’s demands 24 September 1640: the Long Parliament was called together Triennial Act: the Parliament had to meet at least once every three years

7 1641: Irish rebelled against the Protestant English and Scottish settlers 3000 people were killed

8 1642: the Civil War had started KingParliament Royalists (Cavaliers) Parliamentarians (Roundheads) north and westeast and southeast more supporters and moneyless supporters and money

9 October 1642: Edge Hill June 1643: Adwalton Moor July 1644: Marston Moor June 1645: Naseby

10 1645: Oliver Cromwell and his advisers captured Charles Charles continued to encourage the Scots to rebel against the Parliamentarian army Charles was found guilty of making war against his kingdom and the Parliament Oliver Cromwell

11 31 January 1649: Charles was executed outside the Banqueting House at Whitehall

12 Horrible Histories – King Charles I’s Funeral Horrible Histories – The Civil War Song


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