2 Warm-up!!Describe the foreign policy of George Washington in 3 sentences.Describe George Washington’s view on political parties in 3 sentences.You will have 6 sentences total.
3 John Adams’ Contributions of Civic Virtue Defended British soldiers in the Boston Massacre TrialDeclaration of Independence (worked w/Jefferson)Continental Congress (Promoted Independence)Foreign DiplomatFirst Vice-PresidentSecond PresidentAs President J.F.Kennedy said “Ask not what the Country can do for you But what can you do for your country”Only 2 of 8 were found guilty of manslaughter after being defended by Adams
4 Adams: Politics & Beliefs Federalistsupported by Northern merchants & industrywanted a strong federal governmentReviewFederalists wanted:- strong federal govt.- loose interpretationof Constitution- national bank- promotedmanufacturingJohn Adams Video
5 Major Events of John Adams Presidency Conflict with FranceXYZ AffairNavy Department & Marine Corps CreatedAlien and Sedition ActsKentucky & Virginia ResolutionFederalistAs soon as Adams took office, he faced the conflict with France. French began seizing Am. Ships. Adams sent diplomats to France to avoid war. Bribe: Loan France $10 M and give $250,000 to Talleyrand, French Foreign Minister.
6 FYI :The XYZ Affair led to an undeclared war with France. President Adams established the Navy Department, built warships, started the Marines, and increased the size of the army, appointing George Washington as commanding general. Battles took place on the open seas.
7 The Alien and Sedition Acts Naturalization Act : Required that aliens be residents for 14 years instead of 5 years before they became eligible for U.S. Citizenship.Alien Acts : Allowed the president to imprison aliens, or send those he considered dangerous out of the country.Sedition Act: Made it a crime to speak, write, or publish “false, scandalous, and malicious” criticisms of the government.Do you see anything wrong with these acts????????
8 Why were they passed ???The Federalist – controlled Congress wanted to:Strengthen the federal governmentSilence Republican oppositionResults:Discouraged immigration and led some foreigners already in the country to leave.Convicted 10 Republican newspaper editors who had criticized the Federalists in government.Reaction:Opposition to Federalist party grows.Led to movement to allow states to overturn federal laws.
9 WARM-UP. COPY THIS SLIDE IN YOUR NOTES FROM YESTERDAY WARM-UP!!! COPY THIS SLIDE IN YOUR NOTES FROM YESTERDAY! The Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions claimed that the Alien & Sedition Acts could not be put into action because they violated the Constitution. States’ Rights - States had rights that the federal government could not violate. States could nullify federal laws. (Used to fight the Alien & Seditions Acts)
10 Judiciary Act of 1801 Federalists passed before Jefferson took office. Set of regional courts for U.S. w/16 judges & other judicial officialsPresident Adams made 100s’ of appointments“Midnight Judges” awaited their commissionsPresident Jefferson took office and stopped delivery of documentsWilliam Marbury sued Madison for deliveryLed to Marbury v. Madison & Judicial Review
11 Quiz QuestionsWhich controversial legislation of President John Adams’ administration restricted citizens from criticizing the government?The Embargo ActThe Monroe DoctrineThe Alien and Sedition ActsThe Judiciary Act
12 How was President John Adams able to appoint “midnight judges”? Quiz QuestionsHow was President John Adams able to appoint “midnight judges”?XYZ AffairThe Monroe DoctrineThe Judiciary Act of 1789The Judiciary Act of 1801
13 Quiz QuestionsUnder the Alien Act, how long did it take for an alien to become eligible for U.S. Citizenship?10 years13 years14 years15 years
14 What amendment allows the press to criticize the government? Quiz QuestionsWhat amendment allows the press to criticize the government?1st amendment2nd amendment3rd amendment4th amendment
15 Quiz QuestionsDefending British soldiers, after the Boston Massacre, gained John Adams popularity.
16 Quiz QuestionsJohn Adams died on July 4, 1826, the same day as Thomas Jefferson’s death.