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Chapter One Denotation and Connotation. Warm-up Story Warm-up Story A TV reporter wanted to find out what people thought of a new film, so she decided.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter One Denotation and Connotation. Warm-up Story Warm-up Story A TV reporter wanted to find out what people thought of a new film, so she decided."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter One Denotation and Connotation

2 Warm-up Story Warm-up Story A TV reporter wanted to find out what people thought of a new film, so she decided to interview people as they came out of the theatre. She asked one woman what she thought of the film. "It was excellent," the woman replied. "I thought it was the best film I've seen in years." Then she stopped a young man and asked him the same question. "It was dynamite!" he said. He was surprised to see the reporter dive to the ground and cover her ears. He bent down to ask her what the trouble was. "Where is it?" she whispered. "Where's what?" he asked. "The dynamite!" she shouted. "Where's the dynamite?" A TV reporter wanted to find out what people thought of a new film, so she decided to interview people as they came out of the theatre. She asked one woman what she thought of the film. "It was excellent," the woman replied. "I thought it was the best film I've seen in years." Then she stopped a young man and asked him the same question. "It was dynamite!" he said. He was surprised to see the reporter dive to the ground and cover her ears. He bent down to ask her what the trouble was. "Where is it?" she whispered. "Where's what?" he asked. "The dynamite!" she shouted. "Where's the dynamite?" This reporter had a problem. She understood what the word "dynamite" meant, but she didn't understand what the young man meant. In other words, she understood the denotation, but not the connotation, of the word. This reporter had a problem. She understood what the word "dynamite" meant, but she didn't understand what the young man meant. In other words, she understood the denotation, but not the connotation, of the word.

3 I. Introduction Denotation Denotation the exact meaning of a word, the definition that appears in a dictionary-- the literal meaning that most readers would agree on the exact meaning of a word, the definition that appears in a dictionary-- the literal meaning that most readers would agree on For example, if you look up the word snake in a dictionary, you will discover that one of its denotative meanings is For example, if you look up the word snake in a dictionary, you will discover that one of its denotative meanings is "any of numerous scaly, legless, sometimes "any of numerous scaly, legless, sometimes venomous reptiles, having a long, tapering, venomous reptiles, having a long, tapering, cylindrical body and found in most tropical cylindrical body and found in most tropical and temperate regions." and temperate regions."

4 Connotation Connotation what it suggests or implies in the reader’s mind. It means the emotional, social, or moral value that is associated with a word. The connotative meanings of a word exist together with the denotative meanings. what it suggests or implies in the reader’s mind. It means the emotional, social, or moral value that is associated with a word. The connotative meanings of a word exist together with the denotative meanings. The connotations for the word snake The connotations for the word snake could include evil or danger. could include evil or danger.

5 What is your reaction to these words? rose: rose: love love war: war: hate hate smile: happy because: nothing

6 II. Denotative meanings

7 Some confused words adopt, adapt feasible possible affect, effect immigrant emigrant revolution evolution invaluable, valueless beside, besides loose, lose censor, censure notable. notorious Gay, guy principal,. principle

8 III. Connotative meanings

9 Expressions reflecting the writer’s attitudes. NeutralDerogatoryComplimentary government employee bureaucratpublic servant policemancoplaw officer union officialunion bosslabor leader investorspeculatorfinancier detectivespyinvestigator successful business man tycooncaptain of industry

10 Exercise I. In each sentence, choose the more accurate, appropriate or specific of the two words in the brackets. the brackets. 1. Mrs. White has a (nice, friendly) personality. 2. I think Professor Wang is a/an (bad, incompetent) teacher. 3. I was completely (uninterested, disinterested) in the TV program, and went to sleep. 4. We had a (pretty, splendid) ocean view from our room. 5. Ann has got a very nice job, I am (envious, jealous) of her but Tom is (envious, jealous) of her because he thinks that he should have got the job. 6. He was (notorious, famous) for his evil deeds. 7. It was very (childish, childlike) of him to lose his temper over something so unimportant.

11 8. My mother became (fat, stout) as she grew older. 9. There are certain (things, traits) I look for in judging a person ’ s character. 10.The enemy troops were driven back when they (attempted, tried) to cross the river. 11. We had a/an (good, enjoyable) time on our fishing trip. 12. I was (amazed, surprised) at the differences between high school and college. 13. Mary’s clothes, though made of (inexpensive, cheap) material, are always neat. 14. John gave his girlfriend a/an (beautiful, exquisite) vase for her birthday.

12 15. Our English teacher is a/an (ugly, homely) old woman, very kind to every one of us. 16. We had a (fabulous, delicious) dinner at a famous Chinese restaurant. 17. Is the (elderly, old) lady we met this morning your aunt? 18. The professor gave a/an (informative, magnificent) talk on Einstein Theory of Relativity. 19. The old lady looked (skinny, slim) after her serious illness. 20. Again this year there is a/an (giant, enormous) deficit in this state’s budget.

13 Exercise II. Correct a wrong word or expression in each of the following sentences. 1. I fell as if I was going to faint. 2. We use electricity everywhere from cooking to lightening. 3. Just as the sun raised, she was already on the way to her office. 4. His father ’ s early death threw Tom into orphanage and then he was risen by his aunts. 5. His failure in the exam resulted in his neglect of study.

14 6. The company did not receive the report’s criticisms. 7. In the past, good college students simply meant students good at academic work, which made students work hardly for the tests. 8. At last the animal got so exhausted that it laid down on the ground more dead than alive. 9. Sorry, l forgot your pen in the dormitory. 10. It’s wildly believed that the government will lose the election.

15 Unit One The Scroll Marked Background information to the author Og Mandino (December 12, 1923 – Og Mandino (December 12, 1923 – September 3, 1996) was an American September 3, 1996) was an American author. Mandino wrote one of the author. Mandino wrote one of the bestselling and most inspirational books, bestselling and most inspirational books, The Greatest Salesman in the World The Greatest Salesman in the World (1968), which contains (1968), which contains the "time-tested wisdom the "time-tested wisdom of the ancients distilled of the ancients distilled into ten simple scrolls “. into ten simple scrolls “.

16 Scroll I - Today I begin a new life. Scroll II - I will greet this day with love in my heart. Scroll III - I will persist until I succeed. Scroll IV - I am nature's greatest miracle. Scroll V - I will live this day as if it is my last. Scroll VI - Today I will be master of my emotions. Scroll VII - I will laugh at the world (Keep perspective) Scroll VIII - Today I will multiply my value a hundredfold. Scroll IX - I will act now, I will act now, I will act now. Scroll X - I will pray for guidance.

17 Mandino's main philosophical message is that every person on earth is a miracle and should choose to direct their life with confidence and congruent to the laws that govern abundance. He wrote in Scroll I, "I will not fail as the others, for in my hands I now hold the charts (the Ten Scrolls) which will guide me through perilous waters to shores which only yesterday seemed but a dream." Mandino's main philosophical message is that every person on earth is a miracle and should choose to direct their life with confidence and congruent to the laws that govern abundance. He wrote in Scroll I, "I will not fail as the others, for in my hands I now hold the charts (the Ten Scrolls) which will guide me through perilous waters to shores which only yesterday seemed but a dream."

18 Og was also a proponent of taking action now. In Scroll IX, the phrase I will act now is written 18 times. He recognized that all successful people take on their own lives by "charting" or consciously choosing both the desired destination and the path to reach it. Mandino's philosophical messages have Christian undertones. They are encouragements to build good habits, to live according to the laws that govern abundance and to find a vigor and joy in life as we learn to stand at the helm of our ship charting its course into the safety of the harbor instead of just waiting for someone else to bring it in. Og was also a proponent of taking action now. In Scroll IX, the phrase I will act now is written 18 times. He recognized that all successful people take on their own lives by "charting" or consciously choosing both the desired destination and the path to reach it. Mandino's philosophical messages have Christian undertones. They are encouragements to build good habits, to live according to the laws that govern abundance and to find a vigor and joy in life as we learn to stand at the helm of our ship charting its course into the safety of the harbor instead of just waiting for someone else to bring it in.

19 Warm-up discusssion What is success? What is success? And what important And what important qualities one should qualities one should acquire if (s)he wants to acquire if (s)he wants to achieve success in life? achieve success in life?

20 What is success? To laugh often and much; To win the respect of intelligent people and the affection of children; To earn the appreciation of honest critics and endure the betrayal of false friends; To appreciate beauty; To find the best in others; To leave the world a bit better, whether by a healthy child, a garden patch or a redeemed social condition; To know even one life has breathed easier because you have lived; This is to have succeeded. ----Ralph Waldo Emerson

21 While-reading activity Skim the text to get the gist of it. Main idea: Good habits are the key to all success.

22 The structure of the text Today I begin a new life. (para.1-5) Today I begin a new life. (para.1-5) I will reject failure. (para. 6-9) I will reject failure. (para. 6-9) I will form good habits. (para. 10-15) I will form good habits. (para. 10-15) I will read the scrolls. (para. 16-19) I will read the scrolls. (para. 16-19) I will make accomplishments and succeed. (para. 20-24) I will make accomplishments and succeed. (para. 20-24)

23 Comprehension questions Check your comprehension based on the questions in Ex. I & II on page 5.

24 Translation the following sentences into Chinese. 1. The career I have chosen is laden with opportunity yet it is fraught with heartbreak and despair and the bodies of those who have failed, were they piled one atop another, would cast a shadow down upon all the pyramids of the earth. 我选择的道路充满机遇,却也有辛酸与绝望。失败的同伴 不计其数,叠在一起,比金字塔还高。 我选择的道路充满机遇,却也有辛酸与绝望。失败的同伴 不计其数,叠在一起,比金字塔还高。

25 2. Failure no longer will be my payment for struggle. 失败将不再是我努力奋斗的回报。 / 我的奋斗将不会再以 失败告终。 失败将不再是我努力奋斗的回报。 / 我的奋斗将不会再以 失败告终。 3. Yet within my allotted time I must practice the art of patience for nature acts never in haste. 然而,在我有限的时间内 / 有生之年,我必须学会耐心, 因为自然一向是从容不迫的 / 自然万物都是有规律的。 然而,在我有限的时间内 / 有生之年,我必须学会耐心, 因为自然一向是从容不迫的 / 自然万物都是有规律的。

26 4. The end finds it wasted on dead men. 结果往往是人的经验丰富了,剩下的时间却不多了。 结果往往是人的经验丰富了,剩下的时间却不多了。 最终发现一个人的经验丰富了,但也频临死亡。 最终发现一个人的经验丰富了,但也频临死亡。 结果证明我们只是浪费了一生的时间去积累经验。 结果证明我们只是浪费了一生的时间去积累经验。 5. I have surrendered my free will to the years of accumulated habits and the past deeds of my life have already marked out a path which threatens to imprison my future. 我的自由意志屈服于多年养成的恶习,我过去生活的轨迹 威胁着我的前途 / 未来。 我的自由意志屈服于多年养成的恶习,我过去生活的轨迹 威胁着我的前途 / 未来。

27 Post-reading activity I. Recognize the denotation and connotation of the following words. success pyramid grapes chart success pyramid grapes chart peddler apparel picador shepherd peddler apparel picador shepherd

28 II. Do you agree with the author that love is the greatest in this world? Is it possible the greatest in this world? Is it possible to love all manners of men though each to love all manners of men though each has qualities to be admired? has qualities to be admired?


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