Presentation on theme: "Indian Independence Movement What methods did Gandhi use and did they work?"— Presentation transcript:
Indian Independence Movement What methods did Gandhi use and did they work?
After WWI, Indians get no self-rule and were once again treated as 2 nd class citizens Indian National Congress (Hindu) and Muslim League (Islam) began to campaign for Indian independence Some Indian radicals began to violently protest British rule 1919: British pass Rowlatt bills (imprison w/o charges, no gatherings) Mohandas Gandhi protests unfair laws, uses non-violent resistance/non-cooperation “An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind” “Victory attainted by violence is actually defeat” Rise of Indian Nationalism Gandhi organized peaceful marches and public refusal to obey unfair British laws
4/13/1919: Hindu & Muslim Indians gather in Amritsar to protest British say Indians were openly defying Rowlatt & order troops to open fire on the crowd – 400 killed in Amritsar Massacre Gandhi urges followers to continue nonviolence, begins boycott of British goods & taxes Boycott on cloth is very successful & British are losing money! 1930: Gandhi organizes the Salt March Police officers beat the marchers. American media captures event 1947: Independence granted but British partition country based on religion (India, East & West Pakistan)