Presentation on theme: "Opposing Political Ideas Mrs. Buccino. Jay Treaty 1794 Chief Justice John Jay proposed that the British leave the Northwest Territory and encourage trade."— Presentation transcript:
Opposing Political Ideas Mrs. Buccino
Jay Treaty 1794 Chief Justice John Jay proposed that the British leave the Northwest Territory and encourage trade Could not put an end to British impressment
XYZ AFFAIR French were angry over the Jay Treaty and began to seize American ships Adams sent representative to negotiate with France Met by secret French agents and were asked to give a 250,000 bribe to the agents as well as pay 10 million to see the French foreign Minister
Quasi War with France 1798 The United States entered a Naval War with the French but neither side ever declared war. They began to seize each others ships.
Alien and Sedition Acts Alien – the President could deport or imprison citizens of other countries living in the U.S. Sedition – quiet anyone who spoke out against the gov’t with imposing fines
Election of 1800 Nasty campaign Jefferson wins the popular vote but not the Electoral college House of Representatives decides who is President and chooses Jefferson
Federalists Try To Save Face Adams wants to keep Federalists ideals in place Appoints midnight judges Marbury v. Madison
The Jefferson Administration His Agenda as President included: Reducing the influence of national government in the lives of Americans
The Jefferson Administration Domestic Politics Refused to address Congress “Mr. President” Reduced taxes Cut bureaucracy & armed forces
The Jefferson Administration Jefferson’s main enemies were: 1. John Adams 2. Alexander Hamilton 3. Aaron Burr
Jefferson’s Western Program Followed the Northwest Ordinance Sent James Madison to buy New Orleans from France France was willing to sell more than just New Orleans US doubled in size
Jefferson’s Foreign Policy Embargo Act of 1807 – in reaction to impressment by both the British and the French, Jefferson stopped all trade with European nations American economy suffered and many began to smuggle goods to England & France in direct violation of the President’s orders
Jefferson Administration Jefferson leaves office on bad terms: 1. Foreign Policy is a mess 2. Louisiana Purchase places US in Debt 3. Louisiana Purchase causes tensions with the Native American population.
Native American Politics The Native Americans could not stop the Americans from invading their territories By 1790 w/the help of the British and warriors like Little Turtle the Native America tribes were able to hold back the Americans
Native American Politics Victory for the Natives would not last long In 1794 General Anthony Wayne defeated them in Ohio forcing them to relinquish hold of all of southern Ohio
Native American Politics By the 1800s Native American tribes decided to: 1.Accept this new way of life 2.Adopt religious revitalization 3.Enter military & political alliances.
Native American Politics Accommodation Included: peace, live on gov’t money, adopt custom, change clothing This was done by Little Turtle
Native American Politics Religious Revitalization A blend of traditional beliefs & customs with those of European descent. This included land, agriculture and family life. This was done by Handsome Lake
Native American Politics Cooperation included: Rejection of assimilation, honor traditions, stop drinking and fighting This was done by Tenskwatawa & Tecumseh
Native American Politics Pan-Indian Movement – focused on spiritual renewal and political unity to defeat the Americans Created by Tecumseh, many Indians began the movement.
Native American Politics Battle of Tippecanoe Between several Native American tribes and William Henry Harrison Took place in Indiana The Battle was a draw Native American lost faith in the Pan-Indian Movement
The End The End
War of 1812 The British were still interfering with American and French trade By 1812 Congress was fed up and urge James Madison to declare war
War of 1812 Declaration of war was not a smart move since the Americans only had a small army and navy American land forces were defeated by the summer of 1812
War of 1812 The War on Water: The United States Navy was outnumbered twenty to one in ships Americans won small victories British Naval Power was astounding
War of 1812 Destruction of Washington DC took place on August 24, 1814 British descend on Washington with 4,000 soldiers Burnt the White House and Capitol Building
War of 1812 Hartford Convention – some citizens wanted to break away from the Union b/c of the trade restrictions imposed b/c of the War On Christmas Eve 1814 – The Treaty of Ghent was signed since neither the British nor the Americans wanted this war.
Battle of New Orleans Battle of New Orleans occurs as a result of slow communication December 23 – the British try to capture New Orleans with 11,000 men Andrew Jackson had 4,500 defending the city Jan 8 th the British get arrogant and decide to attack without having a good position
Battle of New Orleans Battle lasted an hour Most shooting took place in the first 20 minutes British suffered 2,036 casualties Americans suffered 21 casualties