Died in 1603. End of the Tudor Dynasty Passed to the Stuart Dynasty
Divine Right-Received his power from God and was responsible only to God. Did not work well with Parliament
Petition of Rights-1628-Limits on Kings power, could not raise taxes or imprison people with cause. He accepted the petition and then ignored it.
Cavaliers-Royalist-Supporters of the King Roundheads-Supporters of Parliament, Leader Oliver Cromwell Roundsheads won and executed Charles I
He started out ruling England as a “Commonweath” (Republic) Changed to Military Dictatorship with strict rules and exiled most Catholics. Died in 1658 People were tired of the military dictatorship and invited Charles II back to England. Charles II was popular and allowed religious toleration. He was Catholic but hid it.
Flaunted his Catholic faith Protestants feared he would restore the Catholic Church
1688-Parliament leaders invited James Protestant daughter Mary and William of Orange to become rulers of England. James II fled to France-Bloodless Overthrow
Ensure the superiority of Parliament over the monarchy-(limited/Constitutional Monarchy) 1. no Catholic could be King or Queen 2. Trial by Jury 3. Cruel or unjust punishment 4. Habeas corpus