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Chapter 8: Creating a Nation. The Bill of Rights (Dec 10, 1791) 1. Freedom of speech 2. Right to bear arms 3. Protection from quartering 4. Unreasonable.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8: Creating a Nation. The Bill of Rights (Dec 10, 1791) 1. Freedom of speech 2. Right to bear arms 3. Protection from quartering 4. Unreasonable."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 8: Creating a Nation

2 The Bill of Rights (Dec 10, 1791) 1. Freedom of speech 2. Right to bear arms 3. Protection from quartering 4. Unreasonable search/seizure 5. Due process 6. Rights of the accused 7. Trial by jury 8. Unusual punishment 9. Protection of non-BOR rights 10. Power of states/people

3 The People Divide Jeffersonian Republicans Federalists Alexander Hamilton (Treasury) Domestic manufactures Government / Entrepreneur alliance Conservative distrust of the masses “1 st Report on Public Credit” Funding war debt (govt. bonds) – DEBATE! Assumption of war debt – DEBATE! DEAL – Southern capital Pennsylvania Abolition Society Congress had “no authority to interfere”

4 The People Divide Hamilton introduces BANK Opposition from South Jefferson Unconstitutional Pro-North Implied powers? “2 nd Report on Public Credit” Whiskey tax

5 Jay’s Controversial Treaty (1795) Britain promises w/d western forts Britain promises US access to WI Complaints! South = lost slave compensation West = Brits didn’t actually evacuate Merchant/Sailor = impressment Treaty of San Lorenzo (1795) Thomas Pinckney Mississippi River boundary/navigation

6 The Election of 1796 Discord in Washington’s cabinet Jefferson and Madison Washington’s farewell Political divisions, entangling alliances Adams (Federalist) National government Anti-French (excessive democracy) Jefferson (Jeffersonian Republican) Strict constitutionalist States’ rights Results: Adams (71); Adams (68)

7 The War Crisis with France French obstruction in Caribbean Negotiations Agents X, Y, Z Loan / bribe Federalists urge war War preparations Repeal of treaty of 1778 Adams’ ambiguities Adams chooses peace Controversial

8 The Alien and Sedition Acts Naturalization Act (1798) Residence: 5 to 14 years Alien Act (1798) Presidential expulsion of aliens Alien Enemies Act (1798) Arrest, imprison, banish w/o process Sedition Act (1798) Timothy Pickering (S of S) Launched investigations (witch hunt)

9 The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Kentucky Resolution Fed violation of Bill of Rights “Nullification” Virginia Resolution Madison “Duty bound to interpose for arresting the progress of evil” Civil war?

10 The “Revolution of 1800” “Republicanism or aristocracy” Federalists: Adams Jeffersonians: Jefferson & Aaron Burr Results Jefferson (73), Burr (73) 36 ballots to decide winner 12 th Amendment Jeffersonians’ in congress Regionalism “Peaceful transition of government”

11 The Jeffersonians Take Control Washington, D.C. (Nov 1800) Pierre L’Enfant & Benjamin Banneker Jefferson’s inauguration “Equal and exact justice to all” Support of the states Majority rule Civil supremacy (over military) Reduction of govt. expenditures Freedom of press Habeas corpus

12 The Jeffersonian Vision Independent, yeoman farmer Self-reliant Industrious Public consciousness Contradictions? Industry = wealth Wealth = inequality Solution = territorial expansion

13 The Windfall Louisiana Purchase (1803) Livingston & Monroe Napoleon $15 million 830,000 miles 2 Controversy Adams-Onís Treaty (1819) Spain ceded East Florida Lewis & Clark Zebulon Pike


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