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 Time of change in France  Women participated in diverse activities  Protesting high food prices, joining women’s societies & clubs  Passive citizens;

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Presentation on theme: " Time of change in France  Women participated in diverse activities  Protesting high food prices, joining women’s societies & clubs  Passive citizens;"— Presentation transcript:

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2  Time of change in France  Women participated in diverse activities  Protesting high food prices, joining women’s societies & clubs  Passive citizens; no voice

3  Fueled the women to speak out about their living status  Increase of taxes  October 5, 1789  Women’s March  Women were suffering & ignited them to aggressively become involved in the Revolution to change their living conditions

4  Wanted opportunities to improve their lives & sense of self-worth  Requested a better education, to have work to live independently  Modest requests  King was unresponsive to requests  Dissention erupted between the women & king

5  Wanted to be involved in the organization of new constitution  Olympe de Gouges  “Declaration of Rights of Women”  Equality of men & women  Fr. Rev. leaders were resistant to giving social and/or political equality to women

6  Came to power in 1792  “women are ill-suited for elevated thoughts and serious mediations and they shouldn’t leave their family to meddle in the affairs of government”  Committee of Public Safety  Suppress women’s clubs  Limited women’s participation in public life

7  Marie Gouze  French playwright & political activist  Wrote feminist & abolitionist writings grabbing huge audiences  Drafted Declaration of the Rights of Women and Citizen  Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen did not apply to women  Guillotined

8  Civil servant & active participant in the debates of Fr. Rev.  Represented the propertied interests of bourgeoisie  Leader of the Girondins  More conservative faction of the revolutionary forces  Wanted bourgeois power in government but feared & despised the masses  Guillotined!(Nov. 8, 1793)-  O Liberté, que de crimes on commet en ton nom! (Oh Liberty, what crimes are committed in thy name!)

9  Member of Girondins  Participated in Women’s March of Versailles in Oct. 1789  Colorful figure  Image of her riding a horse in the forefront, wearing men’s clothing with pistols shoved into the waistband of her trousers, waving a sword became popularized on cards sold in Parisian markets "Fellow women citizens, why should we not enter into rivalry with the men? Do they alone lay claim to have rights to glory; no, no... And we too would wish to earn a civic crown and court the honor of dying for a liberty which is dearer perhaps to us than it is to them, since the effects of despotism weigh still more heavily upon our heads than upon theirs....

10  Dutch feminist  Proposed a network of women’s clubs to administer welfare programs in Paris & throughout France  One of the several attempts to form women’s clubs that were unsuccessful among bourgeois women

11  Noble family but was supporter of the Girondins  Hated Jean-Paul Marat, a radical Jacobin because of his persecution of the Girondists  Felt he was acting as the evil genius of France & wanted to destroy the “tyrant”  Plotted against Marat by promising to betray the Girondists  Stabbed Marat in his bath on July 13, 1793  Guillotined

12  Archduchess of Austria & Queen of France  Most of her time as queen was dedicated to her children  Wanted to stay out of the public eye but was blamed for most problems  Would not attempt to leave France without Louis XVI  King was indecisive  The Jacobin Party successfully exploited the failed escape to advance its radical agenda  Arrested & tried for treason  Executed by the guillotine on October 16, 1793 One of the only realistic pictures of Marie Antoinette Marie Antoinette with her children in Tuileries Palace during a mob attack

13  “Madamoisell Lange”  Prostitute & Mistress to high circle of Parisian society  Large aristocratic clientele  Mistress of Louis XV  Didn’t get along with Marie Antoinette  Exiled after his death to England  Suspected of aiding emigres who fled France during the Revolution  Arrested & condemned to death for treason  Killed by the guillotine on December 8, 1793  “You are going to hurt me! Why?!”

14  Poor women-workers, market women & the wives of the san-culottes  Played important role in the Revolution  1793: formed the Society of Revolutionary Republican Women  1 st political interest group for common women in Western history  Claire Lacombe, an actor, & Pauline Leon, chocolate maker, founded  Women of Argentina & Venezuela use same boisterous tactics Male and female sans–culottes were supposed to embody frugality, thrift, hard work, and, above all, honest devotion—whether to pets, the nation, or fellow comrades.

15  2 female representatives of political unrest  Iconography of each  Queen->attacked for her monarchial postion; Corday won’t have been an icon if she hadn’t murdered Marat!

16  Marie-Thérèse Charlotte de France  traditional honorific Madame Royale at birth  married her cousin, Louis- Antoine, Duke of Angoulême  imprisoned during the French Revolution  lived her later life in exile died of pneumonia on 19 October1851;three days after the fifty-eighth anniversary of the execution of her mother

17  Louis XVII of France, also Louis VI of Navarre (Versailles 27 March 1785 – Paris 8 June 1795)  imprisoned during the French Revolution from August 1792 until his death in 1795, he never ruled.  imprison the eight-year- old child in solitary confinement!

18  treated cruelly and was officially reported to have died in the prison from consumption (tuberculosis)  autopsy was carried out at the prison a tradition of preserving royal hearts, heart was smuggled out and preserved by the examining physician, Philippe-Jean Pelletan..  Louis-Charles's body was buried in a mass grave. Dr. Pelletan was also shocked at all the scars from abuses of the child, such as whipping, all over the front and back of his torso as well as on his arms, legs, and feet.

19  subject of mystery for over 200 years.  at least a hundred men claimed to be the ill-fated prince.  DNA testing in 2000  sample from the heart was compared lock of hair taken from Marie Antoinette as a child. There was no doubt. The owner of the heart and the queen shared DNA.  Is the mystery really solved? The DNA tests did not end the speculation about “the lost dauphin.”

20  What is believed to be the heart of Louis XVII, the 10-year-old heir to France's throne who died in the Paris fortified Temple prison on June 8, 1795, is seen in a carved jar in this photo released by French historian Philippe Delorme, Wednesday, June 2, 2004. [AP]  "He was a child whose life was stolen from him. Even his death was stolen from him.”. "People just couldn't admit that he truly died in such awful conditions... In the end, it is a wound in the history of France."


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