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宿迁市 2013 届高三第二次调 研测试试卷讲评. 21. 2012 saw _______ sharp increase in productivity, much to surprise of the administrative agency. 【考查冠词】 A. the;a B. a;a C.

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Presentation on theme: "宿迁市 2013 届高三第二次调 研测试试卷讲评. 21. 2012 saw _______ sharp increase in productivity, much to surprise of the administrative agency. 【考查冠词】 A. the;a B. a;a C."— Presentation transcript:

1 宿迁市 2013 届高三第二次调 研测试试卷讲评

2 saw _______ sharp increase in productivity, much to surprise of the administrative agency. 【考查冠词】 A. the;a B. a;a C. a;the D. the;the 冠词分为三类:不定冠词 a/an; 定冠词 the; 零冠词。 不定冠词表示泛指; 定冠词表特指,如果前面的名词被定语从句和介词 短语所修饰也可以表示特指;

3 Could you tell me something about the virus, Dr.Smith? 【考查动词】 ---Sure. It____ via the bloodstream and causes ill health in a variety of organs. A. concentrates B. circulates C. accumulates D. accelerates v. 集中注意力 v. 流动,循环 v. 积累,聚集 v. 加速

4 concentrate vt concentrate…. on.. 集中 … 于.. circulate accumulates accelerate The condition prevents the blood from circulating freely. Cooled air is circulated throughout the building. By investing wisely she accumulated a fortune. Exposure to the sun can accelerate the aging process.

5 23–---- You _______ me such a bad quality sweater. You see, there’re so many holes in it. (sell) ---- Did you wash it according to the instructions? Isn’t it time you went to bed, Mike? ----I _________________ painting all afternoon, so I have to finish my homework now. (practise) 29 Carbon dioxide is said ___________ the earth twice as quickly as previously feared. sold was practising to be heating Carbon dioxide ___________the earth twice as quickly as previously feared. is heating “ 据说 ” 的几种表达方式: 1. It is said that…… 2. People say that…… 3. Sb.be said to do……

6 24. _____ by flowers and applauses does not necessarily mean one is living a happy life. A. Accompanied B. Having accompanied C. To be accompanied D. Being accompanied 【考查非谓语动词】

7 _________________ by flowers and applauses does not necessarily mean one is living a happy life. _______________ by flowers and applauses, she felt herself in a happy life. _____ _______ ____________________________ Being accompanied Accompanied

8 25. A project 【 has recently been launched by the charity organization 】 people should donate books to remote mountainous schools. A. that B. what C. which D. as 【考查同位语从句】 The notice came around two in the afternoon the meeting would be postponed. 【 2012 江苏, 27 】 A: when B: that C: whether D: how

9 26. While by regulations high school students not use cell phones in the school, they can use public phones to keep in touch with friends and family. 【考查情态动词】 A: must B: shall C: would D: might

10 【真题再现】 One of our rules is that every student wear school uniform while at school. 【 2012 辽宁 , 24 】 A: might B: could C: shall D: will ---Will you read me a story, Mummy? ---Ok. You have one if you go to bed as soon as possible. 【 2011 陕西, 24 】 A: might B: must C: could D: shall

11 27. Set up Set off Set aside Set out Set about She set about the business of cleaning the house. She tries to set aside some money every month. Let’s set aside my personal feelings for now. We set off for London just after ten. Set off fireworks Panic on the stock market set off a wave of selling. She set out to break the world record. A bank loan helped to set him up in business The break from work really set me up for the new year. To set up a business. set sb up set up sth

12 28. Do you know in what circumstances it was Jack achieved his goal? 【考查强调句】 A. that B. how C. where D. when 【真题再现】 It is not how much we do but how much love we put into what we do benefits our work most. 【 2011 陕西, 23 】 A: who B: which C: that D: what

13 32. I was only joking when I said Tom was silly; who he took it seriously? A: thought B: had thought C: would think D: would have thought 【考查虚拟语气】

14 解析:表示过去情况的虚拟条件句和主句的动词形式为: 条件句 had done, 主句 should/would/could/might have done 但是,当对条件句里发生的情况带有推测或表示怀疑时, “had done” 的 形式可以用 “should/would/could/might have done” 来表示,解释为:居然、 会可能、或许怎么样。如: If you could have got up earlier at that time every morning, the work might have been suitable for you. 如果那时你每天可以起身早一点的话,那 份工作本来可以适合你的。 把考试原题的后半部分进行重组,可以组成这样的句子: If I would have thought he took it seriously, I would not have joked. 如果 我想到他会当真,我就不开玩笑了。 要注意,这样的句式只在对过去发生的事情进行虚拟推测,并不是改变 对表示过去的虚拟句式 “ 条件句 had done, 主句 should/would/could/might have done” 的改变。

15 33 on the point of doing sth….when 正要做 …… 这个时候 …… be doing… when… at the mercy of 听任 …. 的摆布、差遣 完全受 …… 支配 for the sake of 为了 …, 为了 … 起见, 出于 … 考虑 / 出于 ….. 的原因 in the presence of 在 … 的面前, 当着 … 的面, 在.... 出现的情况下

16 34. Only the opening ceremony of the Poetry Club. The majority of the students were having a class then. A: a few people attended B: did a few people attend C: attended a few people D: a few people were attended 【考查 only 的用法】

17 Kate was blue in the face, but fortunately she looks much better now. --- ! She easily gets hurt. Hope she’ll get tougher. 【考查交际用语】 A. Good for her B. Congratulations C. There she is D. Thank God 谢天谢地

18 34 Only ___________________ the opening ceremony of the Poetry Club. The majority of the students were having a class then. Only after the opening ceremony of the Poetry Club started, ____________________. a few people attended did a few people attend

19 【真题再现】 Only when he reached the tea house it was the same place he’d been in last year. 【 2011 全国大纲 , 28 】 A: he realized B: he did realize C: realized he D: did he realize Only after they had discussed the matter for several hours a decision. 【 2011 湖南, 32 】 A: they reached B: did they reach C: they reach D: do they reach

20 【真题再现】 Only when he reached the tea house it was the same place he’d been in last year. 【 2011 全国大纲 , 28 】 A: he realized B: he did realize C: realized he D: did he realize Only after they had discussed the matter for several hours a decision. 【 2011 湖南, 32 】 A: they reached B: did they reach C: they reach D: do they reach

21 完形填空 Setting time place main characters twist of the plot the end on October 29, 2012 the East Coast; at New York University’s Langone Medical Center the nurses Floodwaters covered the streets around the hospital. With no electricity, the nurses would have to quickly move the babies out of the medical center. All 20 babies were moved to one of the three area hospitals.

22 36 apply to expect to manage to determine to 适用于,应用于 预期,期待 达成,设法 决定 Hurricane Sandy hit the East Coast with record-setting flooding and devastating winds, during which many people ___ to help neighbors, children, or strangers in need. disastrous

23 39 When the power died, the nurses in the newborn-baby care unite didn’t ___ for the backup machine to produce electricity. They immediately went into a state of emergency 39 A. wait B. call C. arrange D. seek

24 41 essential temporary punctual constant 必要的,重要的 暂时的,临时的 准时的 持续的,不变的

25 44 Then came worse news: With no electricity, the nurses would have to quickly move the babies out of the medical center, ____floodwaters covered the streets around the hospital. A. only if B. as if C. so that D. even though

26 46 \47 ____ it happened just between shifts( 轮值的班 ), so we had ____ nurses on the floor. 46.A.Terribly B. Definitely C. Luckily D. Naturally 47. A. extra B. energetic C. experienced D. enthusiastic

27 49 Be steady with every step. Don’t __. Don’t fall. A.skip B.slip C.stop D. snap 跳过,略过 It is easy to slip on the ice. it is a fat chance and never let it slip 噼啪作响;拍摄

28 51 Because they were in our arms, we were able to constantly ___ the babies’ heart rates A.monitor B.maintain C.improve D.Increase 监听 维持 提高 增加

29 55 And so it is their ___ to duty that proves spirit can survive any natural disaster. A.regard B. devotion C. reaction D. contribution 关注,留意 奉献,热爱 反应,回应 贡献

30 expressions concerning the article 紧急状态 切断电源 不遗余力 监测心率 母亲般的爱 某人对 … 的热爱 设法,成功做某事 只要,只有 溜走 由于,归功于 a state of emergency cut off the power spare no effort monitor the heart’s rate the motherly love one’s devotion to manage to do only if slip away thanks to

31 Passage A Topic: Anxiety 焦虑,不安

32 structure Part 1 (Para1&2) Key words: natural sensible 合乎情理的 signal take action imprison stop…from positive nagetive

33 57. It can be referred from the passage that______. A.GAD can hardly be cured once one suffers from it. B. anxiety actually has both positive and negative sides C. most people have experienced different levels of GAD D. hypothetical event worries are mostly from real event worries. B

34 Part2 (Para3-5) Key words: GAD Generalised Anxiety Disorder abnormal extreme severe( 严重的) disorder (混乱,凌乱) cluster( 簇拥,群聚) 广泛性焦虑障碍 Features & Effects

35 56. According to the passage, a person with GAD may______. What is the feature of GAD? The most important feature of GAD is that people experience quite severe anxiety and worry about a wide rage of things over long periods of time. D A. try to do something to get himself somewhere safe B. focus his mind fully on what he is determined to do C. be anxious about one special thing for a long time D. be continuously worrying about some particular things

36 58. The difference between people with GAD and normal people lies in_____. A. whether they feel worried B. what they worry about C. how they experience anxiety D. why they get into anxiety C

37 Part3 (Para6) Key words: Realistic Hypothetical( 假设的,假想的 ) Spiral relationship

38 Part4 (Para7) Key words: tend to worry learn to understand get on top of it not…unavoidable Conclusion : Can we learn to understand anxiety?

39 59. Which would be the best title? A. Anxiety: learn to understand it B. GAD: learn to keep away from it C. How to get rid of your anxiety D. How to distinguish anxiety from GAD A

40 Passage B No.60 What are the key words in this passage? No.61 Locate the relevant information precisely. No.62 What’s additional help? Task

41 No.60 What are the key words in this passage? Title: Cropping an Image With the Snap Shot Program Cropping Snap shot Structure: General introduction Two options with several steps Removing Cropping

42 60. The text above is intended to __________ A. describe the features of Snap Shot B. show that Snap Shot is an easy tool to use C. explain how to use Snap Shot to crop a picture D. discuss the advantages and disadvantages of Snap Shot C

43 No.61 Locate the relevant information precisely. To perform Option 2, one should first______ A.Select the original image B. use the mouse pointer to draw a frame C.Select Cropping & Orientation from the Effects menu D. resize the frame by dragging the sizing handles on the shape Original sentence: Option 2, step 1: Click Freehand Crop from the Cropping & Orientation option on the Effects menu. c

44 No.62 What’s additional help? Focus on the information provided by the two pictures. 62. What additional help does the author offer as readers follow the instructions? A.Screen shots that illustrate some of the instructions. B. Two options that the readers can choose from for cropping. C.An address for writing to Snap Shot any questions or comments. D.A trouble — shooting guide to help solve any possible problems. A

45 63. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A.Human runs a high risk of dying from an impact event caused by an asteroid B. Scientists have found effective ways to protect us from the asteroid impacts C. Sudbury crater in Ontario is the largest impact crater in our solar System D. The asteroids and comets that hit the earth probably brought water to our earth. 解析:从 Line 2 Para 1, Did you know that our water, gold, and platinum most likes came from the asteroids and comets that hit … 可以知道答案 D (C)

46 64. It can be learned from the passage that asteroids and comets ____. A.Have many craters and trace gases on them B.Make it possible for new species to evolve C.Usually change into gas in our atmosphere D.Are more likely to hit the Moon than the Earth C 解析: 从 Line 2, para 2, Usually these small objects from space are quickly vaporized in a long trail of bright light high in our atmosphere. 通常,这些来自于太空的小物体,散发着一道很长的 亮光,在高高的大气层中很快气化。

47 65. What happened to our Earth about 250 million years ago? A.About 60 giant objects impacted our planet B.An asteroid impact caused many species to die out C. The Sudbury crater became the site of profitable mines D. The South Pole- Aitken basin came into being on earth. B 解析: 文章倒数第二段: About 250 million years ago….. This ancient asteroid impact killed around 85% of the species on our planet. 这次古老的小行星 撞击毁灭了地球上大约 85% 的 物种。

48 66. What does the passage mainly talk about? A.Asteroids and comets in our Solar System have been both beneficial and dangerous B. Most craters on the Moon were caused by the impacts of large comets and asteroids. C….. D… A 解析:文章主要讲述了小行星和彗星撞击地球 给我们 地球带来的影响: 好的影响: 带来了水,稀有矿物质,造成生命进化 坏的影响: 毁灭地球上的很多物种

49 Sentence translation 1.Surprisingly, your chances of dying in an airplane accident or from an impact event caused by either a comet or an asteroid may be roughly the same. 2.…many new species evolved and our planet began to recover its former great diversity of life forms.

50 Sentence translation 1.But overcoming the minor obstacle of the fence has never been a real challenge for either of our dogs. ( Para. 2) 2.If she has been impounded, I will not be paying her fines this time.( Para. 5) 3.I have decided to repair my fence in an effort to prevent any future escapes. ( Para. 14) vt. 没收;拘留;将 … 关在圈中 (D)

51 67. Why does the author say “ today my status suffered a slight error ”? A. Because he cared too much about money B. Because he became annoyed with Cady C. Because he got his commands ignored by Cady D. Because he deserted the dog without mercy 解析: Para. 4 Line 2 -3: I said goodbye to the dog, telling it … Para. 12 Line 3: I felt sad for having been so heartless.

52 68. The underlined word “ bail” in Para. 4 probably means __ A. try to find B. call to comfort C. refuse to adopt D. pay to free 解析: Para. 5 Line 3: I’ll tell you this! If she has been impounded, I will not be paying her fines this time. patrol n. 巡逻;巡逻队;侦察队 vt. /vi. 巡逻;巡查

53 69. What can we infer from the story? A. Cady was set free by animal control. B. Cady found her way back by herself. C. The author wouldn’t walk Cady any more. D. The author felt disappointed at her daughter. 解析:由 “As we pulled into the driveway, there stood Cady in the back yard, tail wagging and ready for some supper.” 可推 出 B 选项

54 70. What can we learn from the story? A. Dogs are human’s hearty friends. B. Children are sometimes greatest teachers. C. Deserting dogs is illegal in some countries. D. Family misunderstanding is unavoidable. What does the author learn from his daughter?

55 approach Purpose/Aim And result of studies Studies are made to find … People are divided into two… There is a relationship between…. (71)

56 …two groups (72) on the personality nature. Line 3: …into types on basis of personality nature …between personality and (73) L4: personality nature that dose predict performance based/depend performance

57 They aim at…and (74) their rewards Line 7: …on the rewards that will accumulate They…think in a (75) way. L9: …who dream big and think creatively accumulating/earning/ achieving Creative

58 They are likely…and think (76) Line 11: …less likely to think things thoroughly …their goals out of their sense of (77) L17: …see their goals as responsibilities. carelessly/imperfectly responsibility

59 They do everything with care and often avoid (78) Line 19: They are cautious and play to not lose… They are good at (79) and handling problems L22: …but they may have excellent analytical and problem-solving skills. risk analyzing

60 …that decides what you are good at or (80) in. Line 32: It determines our strengths and weaknesses… poor/week


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