Presentation on theme: "Changing Lives, Family, and Community Judge Gisele Pollack Dr. Guy Wheeler."— Presentation transcript:
Changing Lives, Family, and Community Judge Gisele Pollack Dr. Guy Wheeler
The Epidemiology and Serious Consequences of Marijuana Use/Abuse
THC Delta 9—Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the active ingredient in marijuana that causes users to feel high; comes from the Hemp (Cannabis) plant. Marijuana is a psychoactive or mind- altering drug. Psychoactive drugs produce a mind state similar to that of psychosis.
Potency of Seized Marijuana Has Doubled since 1996 Source: US DOJ National Drug Intelligence Center – The University of Mississippi Potency Monitoring Project
ADDICTION TO MARIJUANA “ A person is considered addicted if he or she compulsively and uncontrollably uses, craves and seeks drugs even in the face of repeated negative health and social consequences” “ A person is considered addicted if he or she compulsively and uncontrollably uses, craves and seeks drugs even in the face of repeated negative health and social consequences”
Percent of Past Year Serious Mental Illness Among Lifetime Marijuana Users Aged 18 or Older By Age of First Marijuana Use: 2002 and 2003 Source: SAMHSA-National Surveys on Drug Use and Health < 12 yrs yrs yrs. 18 or Older
MARIJUANA AND DRVING Marijuana is frequently involved in fatal traffic crashes and drugged driving in general. In 2009, marijuana accounted for 25 percent of all positive drug tests for fatally injured drivers and 43 percent among fatalities involving drivers 24 years of age and younger.
WHAT DO WE KNOW? 80% of criminal offenses are substance abuse involved 70% of juvenile delinquency cases are substance abuse involved 80-90% of dependency cases are substance abuse involved
DRUG COURT A drug court is a special court that is given the responsibility to handle cases involving drug- using offenders through comprehensive supervision, drug testing, treatment services and immediate sanctions and incentives. A drug court is a special court that is given the responsibility to handle cases involving drug- using offenders through comprehensive supervision, drug testing, treatment services and immediate sanctions and incentives.
Overview The Misdemeanor Drug Court Program (MDCP) became operational in Broward County on September 9th, 2005.
What are the benefits Reduction in costs to society Rehabilitation and Habilitation Dismissal of charges Public safety (reduction in recidivism) OR OR Probation with adjudication withheld
Amended The pool of individuals eligible for admission into a misdemeanor pretrial abuse education and treatment intervention program is expanded. Only restriction now is no prior felony conviction (deletes the restriction of participation in a prior pretrial program)
Additionally, the bill expands the pool of potential participants in the pretrial program to include individuals charged with: Misdemeanor Prostitution; Underage possession of alcohol; Misdemeanor possession of certain controlled substances without a valid presription; Nonviolent, non-traffic related misdemeanor identified as having a substance abuse problem.
Program Components Community Supervision and Case management by BSO-DRRD. (18-25 Track) Education: “Justice for Life”-Guy A. Wheeler Assessment and Counseling if recommended Case management services through TSP (DCF) through TSP (DCF)
SUCCESSFUL COMPLETION MDCP AVERAGE OF 90% COMPARED TO THE NATIONAL AVERAGE OF 66%
RECIVIDISM STATISTICS March 2006, 25 Graduates, one year later, 3 rearrests, for misdemeanor charges (DWLS, Petit Theft, Marijuana Poss.) 12% February 2006, 35 who declined program, one year later, 18 rearrests, 10 of which were felony offenses (7 felony drug & 3 felony non- drug) (7 felony drug & 3 felony non- drug) 51% 51%
2D Study December 2007 Comparison of 6 months of 155 graduates July through December of 2006 TO 6 months of 88 opt outs July through December of 2006 AFTER ONE YEAR Felony arrest as a 2d offense: 54% vs. 88% (cut nearly ½)
3D Study January 2009 Comparison of 6 months of 214 graduates Jan-June 07’ TO 6 months of 110 opt outs Jan-June 07’ AFTER 1 ½ TO 2 YEARS Felony arrest as a 2d offence reduced 62% for graduates of MDCP
4 th Study January 2010 An investigation of 785 participants who either successfully completed or opted out of the program between January 1, 2007 and January 31, successfully completed—15% recidivism 197 opted out-32% recidivism Rate of re-arrest for new felonies was reduced by over 50%
5 TH Study January 2011 A comparison of graduates July 1, 2008 through December 31, 2009., to individuals who qualified for and choose not to participate in MDCP during the same time period resulted in a 59% reduction in rearrest. Recidivism rates for graduates was 5% while the recidivism rate for those who opted out of the program was 12%.
Best Practices Working (Adults ) Guy A. Wheeler, MSW, CAP, CCJAP Justice For Life Institute Fort Lauderdale, Florida
RISK FACTORS AGE (<25) EARLY ONSET OF SUBSTANCE USE(<14) EARLY ONSET CRIME(<16 YEARS) PRIOR TX FAILURES SUBSTANCE USE SEVERITY CRIMINAL HISTORY ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY DISORDER
“Habilitation vs. Rehabilitation" Treatment providers increasingly note that many clients require "habilitation," not simply "rehabilitation." In other words, some addicted persons have not lost functional capacities and skills as a result of their addiction but have, in fact, never acquired them. Many persons, for example, have not acquired the capacity to control impulses or to distinguish between emotional states. Some lack the skills to sustain day-to-day relationships with others, or suffer from Attention Deficit Disorder. The fact that more and more clients suffer from a lack of basic capabilities and skills makes the treatment of the underlying addiction more difficult. 27
Did You Know… “Very few addictions starts after age 30. Most addiction starts between 18-25”. Dr. Mark Willenbring M.D. Director of Treatment & Recovery Research, National Institute of Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism
STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT Industry vs. Inferiority Identity vs. Role Confusion Intimacy vs. Isolation Competence Fidelity Love Competence Fidelity Love
GALLUP POLL STRESS, ANGER, AND WORRY OCCURS IN THE EARLY 20’S FEAR, FAILURE, FRUSTRATION, AND FUTURE
Emerging Adults “The In-Between Age” Age of Identity Exploration – Young people are deciding who they are and what they want out of work, school and love. Age of Instability - The post high school years are marked by repeated residence changes, as young people either go to college or live with friends or a romantic partner. Age of Self-Focus - Freed of the parent and society-directed routine of school, young people try to decide what they want to do, where they want to go and who they want to be with (before those choices get limited by the constraints of marriage, children and a career). Age of Feeling In-Between - Many say they are taking responsibility for themselves, but still do no completely feel like an adult. Age of Possibilities – Optimism reigns. Dr. Jeffrey Arnett (Emerging Adulthood-2004) Another Perspective
THEIR LENS (HOW DO THEY SEE US) UNAWAREINSENSITIVE UNWILLING TO LISTEN UNFAIR AUTHORITY/THE LAW MISTRUST
THEIR (“Street”) THINKING I’m Smarter Than You / Manipulative You Don’t Understand Where I Come From (Great Defense) I’m Smarter Than You / Manipulative You Don’t Understand Where I Come From (Great Defense)
THEIR “STREET” THINKING Superopitimism Here & Now Physical Strength / Respect SlickSystem Trusting To Their Environment
Locked Mind Locked Mind
Identity “When I discover who I am, I'll who I am, I'll be Free”. be Free”. Ralph Ellison Ralph Ellison
Where Do We Start?
REAL DEAL The Bottom Line – a significant number of young adults are having real difficulties. It is more difficult for those with the least resources (economic, psychological & intellectual). Moreover, efforts to change others’ behaviors without understanding individuals’ reasons for engaging in the behavior are short-sighted and likely to be unsuccessful, especially in the emerging adult population.
SURVIVAL MODE Due to the emotional, spiritual and cultural breakdown with the family, combined with life obstacles, faulty thinking, and a overzealous ID, provides difficulty reaching our young adults.
WHAT WORKS BEST PRACTICES
Question??? What is the strongest predictor of Change?
The Answer… A THERAPUETIC THERAPUETIC RELATIONSHIP RELATIONSHIP
CHANGE PERCEPTION Strength Model (soldiers/servants) Study Them/and Their Culture Teach Them To Survive In Their Own Environment/Jungle LISTEN TRAUMA
Observations Stress/Anxiety Depressed Moods Quarter-like Crisis Not in Control Unprepared from Crossover from Education to Work Crisis Adjustment Issues ADHD Distress Crime Divorce/Family Disruption/Job Reality /Affect Distortions Brook JS, Rosen Z, Brook DW. The effect of early marijuana use on later anxiety and depressive symptoms. NYS Psychologist 35–39, January 2001.
Spoken Word If the word has the potency to revive and make us free, it has also the power to blind, imprison, and destroy. Ralph Ellison Ralph Ellison Ralph Ellison
TECHNIQUES/SKILLS RESPECT ENTHUSIASM STRUCTURE EDUCATE TIMEHARMONY ADDRESS THEMPoint Out Conflict Intrinsic Before Extrinsic Intrinsic Before Extrinsic Cognitive Restructuring Cognitive Restructuring Genuine Concern/Accurate Empathy
TECHNIQUES/SKILLS CONTINUE Give them a VOICE Understanding Unconditional Positive Regards Attention Allow Resistance Encourage Them
More Solutions Capture their Strengths Challenge their Beliefs System Teach them to Deal w/Frustration & Anger Allow Appropriate Anger Make Suggestions & Provide Guidance Give Assignments for Peer Learning Inform them about criminal justice system Instill HOPE VISION
Motivational Interviewing ESTABLISH RAPPORT (INTEREST) USE APPROPRIATE OPEN-ENDED QUESTIONS –Can you tell me where does your marijuana fit into all this? –May I ask about your use of alcohol? ESTABLISH RAPPORT (INTEREST) USE APPROPRIATE OPEN-ENDED QUESTIONS –Can you tell me where does your marijuana fit into all this? –May I ask about your use of alcohol? ASK ABOUT THE GOOD THINGS
Motivational Interviewing ASK ABOUT A TYPICAL DAY ASK ABOUT LIFESTYLE AND STRESS ASK ABOUT CONCERNS DIRECTLY ASK ABOUT THE NEXT STEP ASK ABOUT A TYPICAL DAY ASK ABOUT LIFESTYLE AND STRESS ASK ABOUT CONCERNS DIRECTLY ASK ABOUT THE NEXT STEP
REINFORCEMENT TECHNIQUES USING CRT SKILLS, TAKE THE CLIENT THROUGH ANY SITUATION THAT THEY MIGHT FACE: – Drug Refusal – Assertion – Respond To The Name Game – Gang or Group Pressure USING CRT SKILLS, TAKE THE CLIENT THROUGH ANY SITUATION THAT THEY MIGHT FACE: – Drug Refusal – Assertion – Respond To The Name Game – Gang or Group Pressure
LIFE “Life is to be lived, not controlled, and humanity is won by continuing to play in face of certain defeat”. Ralph Ellison Ralph EllisonRalph Ellison
DEPRIVATION 1. VICTIMS 2.STIGMA/CLIENT 2.STIGMA/CLIENT 3. FAMILY 3. FAMILY 4. THINKING-CULTURE OF INFLUENCE 4. THINKING-CULTURE OF INFLUENCE A. ADAPTIVE SCHEMAS A. ADAPTIVE SCHEMAS B. MALADAPTIVE SCHEMAS 62
Dr. James Cote Professor of Sociology at the University of Western Ontario and author of “Arrested Development”. Professor of Sociology at the University of Western Ontario and author of “Arrested Development”.
Different Perspective Social & Economic Factor Social Disorganization Baby Boomers – choices open