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1 2-1 OUR POLITICAL BEGINNINGS. 2 Basic Concepts of Government Ordered government – orderly regulation of relationships based on those Ordered government.

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Presentation on theme: "1 2-1 OUR POLITICAL BEGINNINGS. 2 Basic Concepts of Government Ordered government – orderly regulation of relationships based on those Ordered government."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 2-1 OUR POLITICAL BEGINNINGS

2 2 Basic Concepts of Government Ordered government – orderly regulation of relationships based on those Ordered government – orderly regulation of relationships based on those known from England (sheriff, coroner, assessor, JP, grand jury, counties, known from England (sheriff, coroner, assessor, JP, grand jury, counties, townships, etc.) townships, etc.) Limited government – restricted in what it could do Limited government – restricted in what it could do Representative government – serves the will of the people (“of, by, and for the people”) Representative government – serves the will of the people (“of, by, and for the people”)

3 3 Landmark English Documents Magna Carta – Great Charter forced King John in 1215 Magna Carta – Great Charter forced King John in 1215 * said the power of the monarchy is not absolute * guaranteed trial by jury and due process of law to the nobility Petition of Right – limited king’s power in several ways: Petition of Right – limited king’s power in several ways: * king can no longer imprison/punish someone w/o the lawful judgment of peers OR the law of the land judgment of peers OR the law of the land * cannot impose martial law in time of peace * cannot require homeowners to shelter the king’s troops w/o * cannot require homeowners to shelter the king’s troops w/o consent consent *challenged the idea of the divine right of kings *challenged the idea of the divine right of kings The Bill of Rights The Bill of Rights * prohibited a standing army in peacetime * required all parliamentary elections be free

4 4 The English Colonies – described as “13 schools of government” 1st colony was Virginia; 1st settlement was 1st colony was Virginia; 1st settlement was Jamestown Jamestown  born out of particular set of circumstances, hence had  born out of particular set of circumstances, hence had its own character its own character Royal Colonies – subject to direct control of the Crown Royal Colonies – subject to direct control of the Crown * 8 on the eve of the American Revolution in 1775 (NH, MA, NY, NJ, VA, NC, SC, GA) * patterns of government emerged for each governor * patterns of government emerged for each governor council (upper house of legislature  bicameral) council (upper house of legislature  bicameral)

5 5 The English Colonies Continued Proprietary Colonies Proprietary Colonies  MD, PA, DE – organized by a proprietor (king  MD, PA, DE – organized by a proprietor (king made a grant of land) by charter, the land made a grant of land) by charter, the land could be settled and governed as the could be settled and governed as the proprietor chose proprietor chose  government much like those in royal  government much like those in royal colonies colonies ** (MD, DE = bicameral; PA = ** (MD, DE = bicameral; PA = unicameral) unicameral)

6 6 The English Colonies Continued Charter Colonies Charter Colonies * CT and RI – based on charters granted * CT and RI – based on charters granted in 1662 and 1663 to colonists in 1662 and 1663 to colonists themselves themselves * governors elected each year by white, male property owners (king’s approval required) property owners (king’s approval required) *judges appointed by the legislature *judges appointed by the legislature

7 7 SUMMARY 1. Using a SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER, summarize your notes in one paragraph (at least 5-7sentences) 2. CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING TWO ON WHICH TO WRITE: A. “Had Britain given each colony the degree of self- government found in Connecticut and Rhode government found in Connecticut and Rhode Island, the Revolution might never had occurred.” Island, the Revolution might never had occurred.” Do you agree or disagree? EXPLAIN Do you agree or disagree? EXPLAIN B. The concept of limited government would not have developed in England without the signing of the Magna Carta and the in England without the signing of the Magna Carta and the Petition of Right. To what degree is this an accurate Petition of Right. To what degree is this an accurate statement? statement? 3. Complete page 33


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