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Russia: Reform and Reaction Section 22-5 pp. 710-715.

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Presentation on theme: "Russia: Reform and Reaction Section 22-5 pp. 710-715."— Presentation transcript:

1 Russia: Reform and Reaction Section 22-5 pp

2 Preview Questions How did conditions in Russia affect progress? Why did the czars follow a cycle of absolutism, reform, and reaction? How did the problems of industrialization contribute to the growing crisis and outbreak of revolution?

3 Conditions in Russia Obstacles to Progress –Czars Fear losing power Imprison or exile critics –Social Structure Nobles resist change Serfdom –Peasants –Soldiers –Factory workers

4 Russian Absolutism Alexander I –Resisted change for fear of alienating nobles –Joined conservative powers Decembrist Revolt –Liberals demanded reform –Suppressed by Nicholas I

5 Russian Absolutism Nicholas I –Suppressed liberals through censorship and exile –“Orthodoxy, Autocracy, and Nationalism”

6 Absolute Rulers Alexander II –Emancipated serfs in 1861 –Set up zemstvos –Encouraged industrialization

7 Absolute Rulers Alexander III –Harsh treatment of reformers –Russification Insisted on Russian language and religion Non-conformers were exiled –Persecution of Jews Pogroms Increased emigration

8 Absolute Rulers Nicholas II –Russia industrializes (at last!) Created social problems Rise in socialism

9 Revolution of 1905 –Bloody Sunday Workers led peaceful protest Fired on by military Killed people’s faith in the czar

10 Revolution of 1905 Wave of revolts followed Bloody Sunday October Manifesto –New personal liberties –Created legislature called Duma Dissolved for criticizing gov’t

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