Presentation on theme: "Welcome R.R.H.A. from the Bryan Police Department"— Presentation transcript:
1 Welcome R.R.H.A. from the Bryan Police Department I am Officer Will HoltNeighborhood Enforcement Team (NET)Master of Arts – Criminology ‘03 (SHSU)Bachelor of Arts – Criminal Justice ‘01 (SHSU)7 years with Bryan Police DepartmentHelped create NET unit in January 2008Oversee southwest quadrant of Bryan, TX
2 Objectives Problem Solving for Repetitive Crimes Pre-Screening & Lease ViolationsUse Law Enforcement at Eviction HearingsDrug IdentificationSmell, Visual, Components, Paraphernalia, PrecursorsIdentifying Drug TransactionsDrug Use vs. Drug DealingHuman Behaviors & Actions*Sociology – study of groups, not individuals*
3 What is N.E.T.? Specialized unit of 4 officers & 1 sergeant Problem-Oriented PolicingCommunity-Oriented PolicingFocus on repetitive criminal issuesFocus on quality of life concerns of citizensCrime Prevention using Crime Triangle
4 Crime Triangle ? 10% of Offenders = 55% of crimes 10% of Victims = 42% of victimization10% of Locations = 60% of callsSource: U.S. Department of JusticeOffenderSource: U.S. Department of Justice. If we focus our effort on the 10% of habitual offenders we will have the greatest impact of reducing crime.VictimLocation
5 Problem Solving Eliminate the Problem Evict/Displace - Be your own “fix”Arrest/ImprisonPositive Peer-Pressure Into ComplianceRefer Problem to Proper AuthorityCivil Lease Violations: Managers & OwnersAnother Law Enforcement/Regulatory AgencyHUD / Housing Authority / Health & Human Services
6 Criminal Trespass Affidavit Ask your law enforcement (L.E.) agency to let you sign an affidavit.Gives permission for L.E. to officially warn, in writing, criminals and the like.*Powerful tool!!!
7 Pre-Screening Potential Tenants “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.” – Benjamin FranklinSaves $$$ when turning units/interior damageSaves headaches for managersComplete the following background checks:Criminal/WarrantCreditRental
8 Criminal Background Check Criminals are not a protected class!!!!What is protected? gender, race, religion, age, handicap, color, national origin, etc.You can deny someone based off their arrest or criminal history.In TX, set your standards and go by them.Felonies vs. MisdemeanorsTraffic ticket arrest warrants-$$ responsibility
9 Credit History CheckIf someone can’t pay past bills, why would you GAMBLE on them paying you!?!?!?!?Rental properties are no place for charity.You are operating a business.Criminals and Bad Neighbors Negatively Effect More than just your rental property.Two-thirds (2/3) of past and current debt should be paid off or up to date.No credit is also grounds for denial.
10 Rental Reference Check VERIFY! VERIFY! VERIFY!You will be lied to! You have been lied to!“No rental history” or a lack of rental history is also grounds for denial.Co-signer or Guarantor AlternativePeople move for a reason. It’s generally good or bad. Detect which one!The best predictor of future behavior is past behavior.
11 Online Web GroupIn Bryan, we have a Yahoo Group made up of rental property owners and landlords.They communicate via one address that currently goes to 140 people.Your law enforcement agency should participate.Share information about common problems & common solutions.Share information about evictions/skips/etc.
12 Your Lease is the KEY Don’t reinvent the wheel. Use a standard lease from the Texas Apartment Association (TAA) or the like.No hand-written leases.No leases from the do-it-yourself store!Be professional, and you will achieve professional results.“… a man reaps what he sows.” – Galatians 6 Verse 7 NIV
13 Rental Lease Continued… A strong lease tailored to the advantage of the landlord/owner is a must.This leads to easy notices to vacate.Eviction Court – A standard, professional lease wins every time.If lease violations resulted from a police response, then take law enforcement with you to the eviction hearing….details!!!!
14 Drug IdentificationMethamphetamine – aka Meth, Speed, Crystal Meth, Ice, etc.Most addictive drugWidespread in RURAL areasMeth labs can be highly explosive.Meth labs can be contained in a car or even a large suitcase.Nothing but chemicals and pills
15 Methamphetamine Got Ammonia??? (Anhydrous) Dealers and Makers of Meth store this in propane tanks, causing the valve to turn green and weaken.Weakened valves can cause fire ball explosions.
16 Shake ‘N Bake Meth Recipe Also known as “One Pot” for literal reasonsRequires Pseudoephedrine Pills, but not as many as older, traditional Meth recipes.Only need about ½ ounce of pills
17 Shake ‘N Bake Meth Recipe Lithium strips from inside batteries
20 SAFETY Around MethDon’t pick up plastic bottles and examine. This can reinitiate the chemical reaction of the left over ingredients, causing an explosion or inhalation of toxic gases.A lot of the bottles, once used to mix the chemicals are just being thrown out in bar ditches or vacant lots. Used coffee filter paper with colored residue in them. Don’t smell the filters for coffee smell .For each pound of Meth made, 5 to 6 pounds of excess toxic chemicals are produced. Where are they?
21 Meth remnants / paraphernalia Meth Can Be Injected by Syringes
22 Meth Pipe for Inhalation along with Methamphetamine
31 Drug Addict Behaviors What is normal for you and me? Begging for money ParanoiaPhysical body changes:Weight loss – Sunken Faces – Burned Fingers & Lips – Generally Unkempt – Layered ClothesAlways have an emergency – SCAMLots of loitering & soliciting
32 Drug Dealing Red Flags From A Residence Lots of come and go traffic – few minutesPeople walking in and outCars coming and going afternoons & nightsLook at visitors: What do they have in common? Addicts vs. Lower-Level DealersTenants will try to lay low & be very privateTin-Foil on windowsTenants will be paranoid & intimidating
33 Physical Human Clues Hand-To-Hand trade offs (money for dope) Dope for stolen property – electronic items, etc.You may not see actual drugs, but you will see actual transactions.Lots of people getting items out of trunks or unknown items wrapped up, bagged up, stored in plastic cups, styrofoam cups, etc.Do your tenants work? What keeps them busy? How do they make $$$ ?
34 Signs of Tenant Dealing From Car Tenant or Guests will constantly be leaving residence and arriving back to home within a few minutes.May see them do same habits every timeMay store drugs outside apt or in vehicleChanged Door Locks / Tin-Foil on WindowsTenants will be paranoid / will intimidateStare down other tenants/prospective tenants
35 Drug Dealing/Using & Crime Disturbances, Assaults, Disorderly Conduct will increase on & around propertyThefts & Burglary will increaseTenant complaints to you will increaseVandalism will increaseCurb appeal will decreaseLitter/Trash will increaseBroken Windows Theory of Crime
36 “Broken Windows” & Crime Prevention If you care, others will care.Small quality of life issues lead to large criminal issues.Broken windows Squatters Vandalism of Vacant Units Marijuana Smoking Prostitution Shack Crack House Gang Turf / Violent CrimeYOU MUST TAKE OWNERSHIP
37 Contact InformationOfficer Will HoltBryan Police DepartmentNeighborhood Enforcement Team(979) – Direct Extension(979) – Cell