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Past Progressive and Simple Past Someone Stole His Briefcase! 1 Focus on Grammar 3 Part I, Unit 4 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright.

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Presentation on theme: "Past Progressive and Simple Past Someone Stole His Briefcase! 1 Focus on Grammar 3 Part I, Unit 4 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Past Progressive and Simple Past Someone Stole His Briefcase! 1 Focus on Grammar 3 Part I, Unit 4 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

3 What were you doing? What did you see? Reporting to the Police 1 It was about ten in the morning, and I was sitting in Maxi’s Café near City Park.

4 Suddenly, there was another young man. He snatched the red briefcase and ran away with it so fast that no one knew what was happening. To my left, there was a young man. He was drinking coffee and reading a newspaper. A big red briefcase was standing next to his feet. Reporting to the Police 2 To my right, there was a young woman. She was eating a huge dish of ice cream. She was enjoying it. After the man stole the briefcase, we were all talking loudly. The owner of the briefcase was very upset!

5 10 a.m. Past Progressive Use the past progressive to describe an action that was in progress at a specific time in the past. now was having past future I was having coffee. She was eating ice cream. was eating

6 Be Careful! Non-action verbs are not usually used in the progressive. Note the exception with have. was having I was having coffee. was having She was having ice cream. was having I was having a headache. had I had a headache. Here the meaning haveeat or drink of have is eat or drink. Here the meaning haveeat or drink of have is eat or drink.

7 Past Progressive & Simple Past 1 Use past progressive with simple past to describe an action that was interrupted by another action. now stole were enjoying They were enjoying the morning when the thief stole the briefcase. past future stole They were enjoying the morning when the thief stole the briefcase. were enjoying

8 Past Progressive & Simple Past 2 Use past progressive for the action in progress. Use when and the simple past for the action that interrupts. now snatched was reading The man was reading the newspaper when the thief snatched his briefcase. pastfuture was reading snatched The man was reading the newspaper when the thief snatched his briefcase. was reading

9 was sitting I was sitting in Maxi’s Café and watching the people there. stole ran The thief stole the briefcase and ran away. Past Progressive & Simple Past 3 Use past progressive to focus on the duration of an action. Use simple past to focus on the completion of an action. now was sitting / was watching past future I was sitting in Maxi’s Café and watching people. stole ran

10 What were you and others doing? Answer the questions using the past progressive. I was trying to wake up when you called called. Practice 1 Example : What were you doing when I called this morning? 1. What were you doing when the phone rang last night? 2. What were your friends doing at 6 p.m. yesterday evening? 3. What were you doing last weekend? 4. What was the teacher doing when you first saw her/him today?

11 was reading The man was reading the newspaper while the woman was eating her ice cream. was reading was eating The man was reading the newspaper while the woman was eating her ice cream. Past Progressive with While 1 Use past progressive with while to describe two actions in progress at the same time in the past. now past future was reading was eating

12 While I was describing the theft, the police officer was writing everything down. Past Progressive with While 2 Use past progressive with while to describe two actions in progress at the same time in the past. now past future was describing was writing

13 Time Clauses The time clause (= the part with while or when) can come at the beginning or the end of the sentence. were having whensnatched They were having coffee when the thief snatched the briefcase. Whensnatched were having When the thief snatched the briefcase they were having coffee. no comma comma!!!,

14 Be Careful! Sentences with both clauses in the simple past have a different meaning from sentences with one clause in the simple past and one in the past progressive. came When the waiter came, I was looking at the menu. came looked When the waiter came, I looked at the menu. First the waiter came; then I looked at the menu. First the waiter came; then I looked at the menu. now past future came First I was looking at the menu; then the waiter came. First I was looking at the menu; then the waiter came. was looking came looked

15 were talkingwere drinking 1. While the women were talking, they were drinking tea. was shiningwas splashing 2. While the sun was shining, the fountain was splashing. was playing was watching 3. While one man was playing pool, the other man was watching. was not lookingwas burning 4. While the woman was not looking, the toast was burning. was talking was sitting 5. While the woman was talking on the phone, the man was sitting in the chair. Form sentences with while. Use the past progressive. was readingwas stealing While the man was reading, the prisoner was stealing his wallet. Practice 2 Example: read / steal 1. talk / drink 2. shine / splash 3. play / watch 4. not look / burn 5. talk / sit

16 References Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved.


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