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Fix This Presentation This is presentation by Mr Tony Brett. He knows a lot about computer security but not much about how to present information in an.

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Presentation on theme: "Fix This Presentation This is presentation by Mr Tony Brett. He knows a lot about computer security but not much about how to present information in an."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fix This Presentation This is presentation by Mr Tony Brett. He knows a lot about computer security but not much about how to present information in an electronic presentation. You are to Change the presentation to make it easier to read. You need to reformat it. Don’t change the message of his presentation – just how it appears on screen and ensure that it is appropriate. You can change the colours, fonts, images, backgrounds and the images. Show your teacher when you have finished and upload to Moodle

2 ICT Security Issues in Europe Tony Brett Oxford University Computing Services

3 Agenda 1.Brief Security Update 2.Identity Theft 3.Standards and Governments 4.The Future of Spam 5.Vulnerabilities 6.Biometrics 7.Some Stories 8.Questions & URLs

4 Are you serious? European Password Survey by NTA: 67% of users rarely or never change their passwords 22% admit that they would only ever change their password even if forced to by a Web site or system/IT department Average number of passwords people have to know: Average: 21 Maximum: 70 Users who write down their passwords: 49% heavy computer users 31% average of all users

5 Source: Computing Technology Industry Assn., 2003 …of security breaches are caused by human error 63%

6 Identity Theft Sources: Gartner, July 2003, based on U.S. stats; BBC News Identity theft claimed 3.4% of U.S. citizens, or 7 million victims during the past year The UK government estimates this crime has cost more than £1 billion over the same period The typical identity-theft victim in the United States spends 175 hours actively trying to resolve the problems caused by identity thefts SourceCongressional Press Release, Sep Source: Congressional Press Release, Sep. 2000

7 …is Britain's fastest-growing white-collar crime, increasing at nearly 500% a year. Identity theft “The number of consumers who have fallen prey to identity thieves is severely underreported.” Moreover, arrests in identity theft cases are extremely rare, catching the perpetrator in only one out of every 700 cases.

8 Source: Unesco Observatory on the Information Society “The current [Internet] identity-theft hot spots are Eastern Europe and Southeast Asia where the level of education and technical sophistication is high, and where tracking down and prosecuting criminals can be very tricky.” Bruce Townsend Special Agent, Financial Crimes Division US Secret Service Identity Theft

9 A True Story TriWest Healthcare Alliance in Arizona provided healthcare services for members of the U.S. military. Thieves stole computers containing confidential records.Losses were $2.7 million. Cost to victims: $30 million to repair damage to credit ratings

10 5 th March 2003 AOL announced it had blocked one billion spam s from reaching its members in one day

11 Biometrics: Free lunch through eyes Problem: – Poor kids showed voucher while “rich” kids used money Solution: – Uses retina scan to verify student – Pull money from account or redeem electronic voucher  Western England High School

12 Young hacker! At lunch, went to classroom Teacher hadn’t logged off Changed his grades Facing felony charges (doubtful he’ll see any jail time) 11 year old boy in Florida


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