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Compare and Contrast the Various Theories of Crime Causation Jeffrey C. Wilson CopLaw.com ©

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1 Compare and Contrast the Various Theories of Crime Causation Jeffrey C. Wilson CopLaw.com ©

2 ECONOMICS Classical School – Response to the pre-1789 Crime Prevention – Free Will & Human Rationality – Not a Study of the Causes of Crime – Emphasis Legal Definitions of Crime – Make Laws – Create Legal Process – Punishment = Deterrence

3 ECONOMICS Criminal Behavior can be explained and impacted using the tools of Economics – The Chicago School of Economics Gary Becker (Nobel Prize Winner for Economics) Richard Posner (US Appeals Court 7 th Circuit) Steven Levitt (Freakanomics) Radical Criminology

4 Psychological Psychoanalytic – Sigmund Freud Id, Ego & SE Personality – Hans Eysenck Biological Social Learning Behavior – Sutherland, Akers and Burgess General Theory of Crime and Self Control Theory of Crime – Travis Hirschi

5 SOCIOLOGICAL Chicago School of Sociology – Concentric Zone Theory – Ernest Burgess – The Gangs: a Study of 1313 Gangs in Chicago – Frederic Thrasher – Differential Association Theory – Edwin Sutherland James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling – Thinking About Crime 1972 – Broken Windows Theory 1982 Geographic

6 BURGLARY ARS Burglary in the third degree; classification A. A person commits burglary in the third degree by: 1. Entering or remaining unlawfully in or on a nonresidential structure or in a fenced commercial or residential yard with the intent to commit any theft or any felony therein. 2. Making entry into any part of a motor vehicle by means of a manipulation key or master key, with the intent to commit any theft or felony in the motor vehicle. B. Burglary in the third degree is a class 4 felony.


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