Presentation on theme: "Organized Crime During The Roaring 20’s Kishawn Jean-Pierre Michael Druckman."— Presentation transcript:
Organized Crime During The Roaring 20’s Kishawn Jean-Pierre Michael Druckman
Why did Organized Crime start?— Prohibition Following WWI, America introduced the “The Noble Experiment,” or Prohibition. With the passage of the 18 th amendment in 1919, the selling, creating, and moving of alcoholic beverages were banned in the U.S. with the intention on improving the quality of American lives. Ironically, the Prohibition movement created new problems causing an explosive growth in crime
Why did Organized Crime start?— Economic Depression During the 1920’s the world was in an economic depression. Jobs were scarce and people needed to find a way to support their families. Participation with gangsters and organized crime was dangerous, but gave people an easy way to make money to help support their families.
Facts and Statistics Arrests for drunkenness and disorderly conduct increased 41% Arrests of drunken drivers increased 81% Thefts and burglaries increased 9% Homicides, Assault and battery increased 13% Police funding increased 11.4 million Arrests for prohibition violations increased 102+ % Number of federal convicts increased 561% Federal prison population increased 366%
Criminal Elements—Al Capone As a teen, he was a member of a gang that was controlled by mobster, Johnny Torrio After being wounded, Torrio could no longer lead the gang, putting Capone in charge. During the time of Prohibition, Al Capone was one of the most successful bootleggers/mobsters around. He and his gang made $60 million by selling illegally manufactured liquor. Capone’s most notorious crime is when he called for the St. Valentines Day Massacre on February 14, 1929, where Capone’s rival gang was murdered by Capone’s gang who pretended to be officers. Capone was caught in 1931, and convicted for income-tax evasion
Speakeasies To obtain liquor illegally, drinkers used speakeasies, or underground hidden saloons or nightclubs. They were called speakeasies because people inside them would have to speak quietly or “easily” in order to avoid being discovered By 1925, there was a total of 100,000 speakeasies in New York Police officers who were underpaid were easily bribed into warning the speakeasies about raids, giving the speakeasies protection. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RWdGIbZKtmg
Criminal Elements—John Dillinger “I rob banks for a living, what do you do?” As a teenager, John Dillinger frequently got in trouble with the law for fighting and theft. As an adult, his troubled ways continued as Dillinger and his gang started a streak of bank robberies in Indiana Dillinger and his gang were estimated to have stolen anywhere between $323,991 and $330,391—(Todays money $5.6-5.7 million) Dillinger was killed by federal agents on July 22,1934 in Chicago, Illinois from a tip given by Dillinger insider, Anna Sage, who told special agents he would be at the theatre that night
Government Reaction J. Edgar Hoover joined the Bureau of Investigation in 1921 and was named director of the FBI in 1935 During his time in the FBI, he built an efficient crime-detection agency, established a centralized fingerprint file, a crime laboratory, and training institution for police. He led the FBI and stopped gangsters such as “Baby Face” Nelson, “Machine Gun” Kelly, and “Pretty Boy” Floyd.
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