Presentation on theme: "Computer Merit Badge Merit Badge College 9 Feb 2008."— Presentation transcript:
Computer Merit Badge Merit Badge College 9 Feb 2008
Requirement 1 - Online safety. Requirement 1 – Discuss with your counselor the tips for online safety.
Requirement 1 - Online safety. Kidnapping/Violence Safety Internet kidnap warning Financial Times - Jan 1, 2007 Parry Aftab, a children's advocate, told a congressional commission that 3000 children were kidnapped in the US last year because of online messages posted...
Financial Safety Online fraud costs $2.4 billion a year Identity Theft Victimizes Millions, Costs Billions About 3.3 million American consumers discovered within the last year that their personal information had been used to open fraudulent bank, credit card or utility accounts, or to commit other crimes, according to the Federal Trade Commission's first national survey on identity theft. The commission, in a report issued today, said these cases had collectively cost businesses $32.9 billion and consumers $3.8 billion. Identity Theft: Costs More, Tech Less The median actual dollar loss for identity theft victims was $31,356. Identity theft may be far more costly to victims than previously believed… Requirement 1 - Online safety.
Computer System Safety Net search virus cost $90 million ABOUT 5,000 businesses have been affected by the MyDoom virus which caused Google to crash this week. According to mi2g, the British-based security firm, the worldwide damage of the virus is estimated to have cost between $85 million and $95 million. Computer virus cost skyrockets The virus billed as the world's fastest, most destructive computer bug spread mutations Friday, frustrating computer users and causing damage that could reach an estimated $10 billion worldwide. It masquerades as confirmation of a $326.92 "diamond special" ordered for Mother's Day. If the...
Requirement 1 - Online safety. Set and follow family computer rules Keep & use computer in family room Protect your privacy – email address, phone#, address, school info, picture, passwords, financial info Don’t open emails/files from strangers Something bad/suspicious tell parents Never meet someone from online
Req. 2 – History & impact of computers Requirement 2 How has the invention of the computer has affected society, science, and technology? Give a brief history of computers.
Req. 2 – History & impact of computers 300 BC – Abacus 1632 – Slide Rule 1617 – Logarithms 1642 Pascaline http://www.computersciencelab.com/ComputerHistory/History.htm
Req. 2 – History & impact of computers 1801 - Jacquard Loom
Req. 2 – History & impact of computers 1890 – Hollerith machine
Req. 2 – History & impact of computers 1944 - Mark I computer - Harvard/IBM. 1 st programmable digital computer made in the U.S. 5 tons, 500 miles of wire, 8 feet tall & 51 feet long, ran non-stop for 15 years,
The number of transistors per integrated circuit doubles about once every two years, while the price of the chip remains the same. In 1954, a transistor cost $5.52. By 2004, its price tag was a billionth of a dollar.
Requirement 5 – Do the following: a. Explain what a program is and how it is developed. b. Give three examples of programming languages, and describe their uses. c. Name four software packages you or your family could use, and explain how you would use them. d. Discuss ways you can help protect a computer from viruses and how to keep secure information that has been saved on a computer. e. Describe how computers are linked to form the Internet and the World Wide Web. Req. 5 – Programs/Web
A computer program is a set of instructions to the computer – also referred to as software.
Req. 5 – Programs/Web Programming Languages BASIC – educational/home Visual BASIC – Windows user software Fortran – engineering COBOL – business Visual Foxpro / SQL Server - database C / C++ / C# - technical/math/anything Visual C++ – Windows C++ user software
Req. 5 – Programs/Web Software Packages Word – writing documents Excel – spreadsheets Power Point – presentations Photoshop – graphics AutoCAD – technical drawings Cakewalk / Band in Box – music recording MathCAD – math calculation
Req. 5 – Programs/Web Viruses - Software built to hurt your system LoveLetter, Klez, Melissa, Magistr, Explorer.zip, Nimda, Benjamin, Code Red, Sircam Don’t open suspicious emails Don’t open any email attachments Be careful with internet downloads Use and regularly update virus protection software Backup your files
Req. 5 – Programs/Web World Wide Web url – web address Browser – program to access web Html – hypertext markup language Hyperlink – a “jump” to another document
6. Do THREE of the following: a.database - create a troop roster b.spreadsheet - develop a food budget for a campout. c.word processor - write a letter, use mail merge d.graphics - draw a campsite plan e.presentation - at least 10 slides. f.Internet search engine, ideas about court of honor g.digital camera - take a picture, put on pc, email h.computer chip-based devices – describe two Req. 6 – Use software