The PGSSec Committee Who are we. What is are mandate. Our activities.
Here on Earth Speaker Series Three themes: New directions in environmental research. Beyond the University. McGill’s current and future environmental policy. Monday, April 3. Speakers: Kathleen Ng and the Sustainability Project.
The Potential Use of Grasses as Biofuels Chris Wrobel MSc. Plant Science MacDonald College McGill university
Changing Face of World Agriculture Rural economies hard pressed. US share of world agriculture has dropped. China now 2 nd largest corn exporter; Brazil major exporter of soybeans. Search for alternative crops.
The Advantages of Biofuel Crops CO 2 neutral. Offset oil imports. $20 billion extra dollars. Remove emissions of 70 million cars by tripling biomass use. Grass pelleting – home heating costs are less.
Perennial grasses as biofuel It takes 70 days to grow a grass crop and 70 million years to grow a crop of coal or oil. Inputs required for grass less than for conventional agriculture. Sequestering of carbon dioxide. Cleaning of wastewater.
The Electric Snowmobile Project Great potential. Limited speed and distance. No emissions.
Rooftop Gardening Up to 40% of food production in some third world countries is in the urban setting. Advantages: longer growing season, reduced heat load, improved social atmosphere.
Water for the World Engineers Without Borders Some facts on water use: Canadians: 33 l per day Montrealers: over 100 l daily Water to produce 1 kg of rice: over 44,000 l. Water to produce 1 kg of meat: over 100,000 l.
The End is a New Beginning Green drinks. Format for get together – exchange of ideas, new friends, projects, etc… Last Thursday of every month.
Other Projects Rooftop garden. Environmental audit of Thompson House. More networking. Other possibilities.
-SSMU monetary contributions: Gorilla Composting ($1000) March for the Climate ($500) Conference in Rimouski ($240) -Proposed changes in election postering by-laws -Order ~300 mugs to sell at $1 to students with proof of an assignment handed in double-sided
Water in Montreal and at McGill is not metered and paid for at a flat rate regardless of consumption. However, some McGill buildings do have water meters which are currently not in use. →McGill should begin metering its water consumption as part of a comprehensive water management strategy. Water metering
McGill does not capture storm water. →A pilot project should be conducted to test the feasibility of collecting storm water. Storm water capture pilot project
The Campus generates 126 kg of solid waste per campus community member every year. →Composting should be implemented →Gorilla Composting Break-out group Composting
Paper policy McGill used approximately 1563 sheets of paper per campus member in 2004. →The paper use policy should continue to be implemented, especially with regards to purchasing of 100% post-consumer recycled paper.
Energy metering Both electricity and steam are metered on most large buildings on campus and all McGill-owned buildings off the main campus. → Posting energy consumption figures in public places, or on an easily accessible website, in conjunction with a comprehensive awareness campaign, could dramatically decrease energy consumption. e.g.UBC Consumption on the UBC campus (in real time - since September 1, 2005) 50,406,962 sheets of copy/printing paper used. 79,871,688 kWh of electricity used. 2,032,960,052 litres of water used on campus.
Campus Air Travel Conservatively, McGill professors and administration flew at least 22 million km in 2004. →The university should take action to reduce the amount traveled by airplane and to adopt a scheme that would offset the greenhouse gases emitted by off-campus air travel.
Alternative transport Commuting to and from McGill contributes to a significant portion of McGill’s greenhouse gas emissions. →The Allégo project at McGill has offered some recommendations for how to make transport more environmentally friendly. Some options include: more efficient inter-campus transport, tele-commuting and incentives for car pooling.
Roof tops Approximately 67% of the campus area is impermeable. →Increase permeable surface coverage by implementing a pilot project for a green roof or rooftop garden on downtown campus. Plants and green space
Environmental Centre →The above goals may be accomplished through a conscientious, combined effort of staff, faculty, administration and students striving for a sustainable campus. A campus sustainability office staffed with professionals and students would be best suited to manage these efforts.