Presentation on theme: "Everything you need to know about poetry as a freshman"— Presentation transcript:
1Everything you need to know about poetry as a freshman Poetry ShowcaseEverything you need to know about poetry as a freshman
2VOCABLULARYPOETRY TERMS YOU WILL LEARN Literal Language Simile Metaphor Personification Author’s Purpose Diction Denotation Connotation Imagery Symbolism Poetry Rhyme Internal RhymeDissonanceConsonanceToneCoupletIronyOnomatopoeiaAlliterationFree VerseHaikuStanzaSonnetLyricLyric PoetryBalladMeterIambic PentameterLimerick
3Introduction to POETRY Do you like poetry?Before you answer, think of the words of your favorite song, the words youremember from books you have read and enjoyed, a famous quote from a famousperson you admire, the smell of a special meal, or a special place you like to visit.Are these things poetry? Yes!! They can be.The first thing to remember about poetry is that it is all around you. Your favoritemusical celebrities probably consider themselves poets! Poetry helps us expressour thoughts, feelings, and ideas as we relate to the world around us. As we readthe poetry of others, we understand who they are, what they think, and what wemight have in common. Poetry is the "Great Communicator!" It can "talk to our heads and our hearts".Source:
4When words are used to make comparisons but not meant to be believed literally or as an actual description of an eventFIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
5Example of Figurative LANGUAGE QUESTION:What does this poem really mean?Is Hughes speaking figuratively or literally?From Mother to Son by Langston HughesWell, son, I'll tell you:Life for me ain't been no crystal stair.It's had tacks in it,And splinters,And boards torn up,And places with no carpet on the floor --Bare.But all the timeI'se been a-climbin' on,And reachin' landin's,And turnin' corners,And sometimes goin' in the darkWhere there ain't been no light.So boy, don't you turn back.Don't you set down on the steps'Cause you finds it's kinder hard.Don't you fall now --For I'se still goin', honey,I'se still climbin',And life for me ain't been no crystal stair.
6AnswerWhen the mother told her son “life for me ain’t been no crystal stair…” she is speaking figuratively. She meant life has not been a glamorous easy journey to success. She has had a hard life.”
7Literal Languagewords that can be taken literally to mean what they are actually stating; the opposite of figurative language
8Similemaking comparisons using the words “like” or “as”. Remember to compare is to say two or more things are (similar) almost the sameEx. 1. “Michael Johnson is as fast as a cheetah.”Ex. 2 “Michael runs like a fox.”
9Metaphor Making comparisons without using the words “like” or “as”. Ex. 1 “Life….Its had cracks in it and boards torn up and floors with no carpet. Bare…”Ex. 2 “Michael Johnson is a cheetah. Michael is a fox.”
10PersonificationWhen an object or animal is given human like characteristicsEx. 1Nature and I are so close, as I pass by the trees wave “Hello”.Ex. 2The birds wrote me a sweet melody and sung to me as I awoke.
11Author’s PurposeThe reason the writer wrote what he or she wrote; to inform, TO entertain, to persuadeNewsweek article-to informBET film script-to entertainAdvertisement-to persuade
12Diction an author’s choice of words Formal Informal Colloquial-is informal language that is not rude, but would not be used in formal situations. It is less unacceptable than Slang & Swear Words.SLANGDICTION WEBSITE
13Denotation the dictionary definition of a word ExAMPLE: light- Of little weight; easy to lift or the natural agent that stimulates sight and makes things visible; electromagnetic radiation
14Connotation the implied meaning and feeling it conveys ExAMPLE: “do not go gentle into that good night. Rage, rage against the dying of the light”.The implied meaning of “light” in this line of poetry is “life”.
15Imagerywords that help you visualize a scene, paints a picture in your mindExAMPLE:“What happens to a dream deferred…does it crust over like a sugary sweet…or sag like aheavy load…or does it explode?”
16Symbolismthe use of objects or words to represent something figurativelyExAMPLE:“do not go gentle into that good night…rage rage against the dying of the light.”The wordS “the dying of light” symbolizes someone losing their life.
17Poetry•a type of literature in which words are carefully chosen and arranged to create certain effects.•Poets write poetry.•Poets use a variety of sound devices, imagery, and figurative language to express emotions and ideas.
19Rhyme Scheme Ex.1 Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? (A) Thou art more lovely and more temperate (B)Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, (A)And summer's lease hath all too short a date (B)Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, (C)And often is his gold complexion dimmed; (D)And every fair from fair sometime declines, (C)Ex.2RHYME SCHEME LESSON
20Rhymeto have the repetition of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words most often at the ends of linesEX. “Little bo peep has lost her sheep”Internal Rhymeto have similar sounding words in the same lineEx.I said “maybe” although its dailyI am yet still resolved with leaving things unsolved
21Assonancethe repetition of vowel sounds in words that do not end with the same consonantExample:He battled with the Dumbledors,the Hummerhorns, and Honeybees,and won the Golden Honeycomb,and running home on sunny seas
22Dissonancerepetition of consonant sounds within and at the end of words.Example:“The woods are lovely, dark, and deepBut I have promises to keepAnd miles to go before I sleepAnd miles to go before I sleep”
23Tone A poem's tone is the attitude that its style implies. EXAMPLE: U. A. Fanthorpe's The Master of the Cast Shadow begins in a tone of admiration for the painter's skill, but moves into a tone of unease toward the way that skill hides the history behind the images.THE MASTER OF THE CAST SHADOW
24Couplet A couple of lines that rhyme ExAMPLE: “True wit is nature to advantage distressedWhat oft was thought but ne'er so well expressed."
25IronyIrony illustrates a situation, or a use of language, involving some kind of discrepancy. The result of an action or situation is the reverse of what is expected.A famous example of irony is”Water, water, every where, Nor any drop to drink” in the Ancient Mariner.THE ANCIENT MARINER
26Onomatopoeia words that demonstrate a sound. Boom! Pow! Zoom! Pop! ExAMPLE:Boom! Pow! Zoom! Pop!
27Alliterationthe repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words ; having the same sound or letter at the beginning of wordsEXAMPLE:“Peter piper picked a pack of pickled peppers”
28FREE VERSEFree Verse is a form of Poetry composed of unrhymed lines that have no set fixed metrical pattern.ExAMPLE:I celebrate myself, and sing myself,And what I assume you shall assume,For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.I loaf and invite my soul,I lean and loaf at my ease observing a spear of summer grass
29HAIKUHaiku is a poetic form and a type of poetry from the Japanese culture. Haiku combines form, content, and language in a meaningful, yet compact form. Haiku poets, which you will soon be, write about everyday things. Many themes include nature, feelings, or experiences. Usually they use simple words and grammar. The most common form for Haiku is three short lines.Basho Matsuo( ) is known as the first great poet of Haiku.
31HAIKU examples 1. 2. From all directions Winds bring petals of cherry Curving up, then down.Meeting blue sky and green earthMelding sun and rain2.From all directionsWinds bring petals of cherryInto the grebe lake.
32STANZAOne of the divisions of a poem, composed of two or more lines usually characterized by a common pattern of meter, rhyme, and number of lines.How many stanzas does the following poem have?ANGEL FROM ABOVE by Robert SmallGazing into her eyes when we first metI knew then she was heaven sent.All I ever dreamed of, an angel from above.She had no idea from the starttrue love, I'd found in my heart.One of a kind, Love that LASTS a lifetimeStill, her smile, my breath it takes awaywanting, needing, to hold her, so much to say.All my prayers answered when into my life she cameto me, she is everything.
33SONNETa fixed verse form of Italian origin consisting of 14 lines that are typically 5-foot iambics rhyming according to a prescribed scheme; also : a poem in this patternExample:Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?Thou art more lovely and more temperate.Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,And summer's lease hath all too short a date.Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,And often is his gold complexion dimmed;And every fair from fair sometime declines,By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimmed;But thy eternal summer shall not fade,Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,Nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade,When in eternal lines to Time thou grow'st.So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
34LYRICLyric Poetry consists of a poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet
35BALLADa simple narrative poem of folk origin, composed in short stanzas and adapted for singing
36METERthe measure of feet in poetry. A foot is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable called an iambExample:There WAS..|..a TIME..|..when MEAD..|..ow, GROVE,..|..and STREAM, Iambic PentameterThe EARTH,..|..and EV..|..ry COM..|..mon SIGHT, Iambic TetrameterME..|..did SEEM Iambic DimeterTurn WHERE..|..so E'ER..|..I MAY Iambic Trimeter
37LIMERICKa type of humorous poem with five lines, the third and fourth lines being shorter than the others Example: There was an Old Man of Nantucket Who kept all his cash in a bucket. His daughter, called Nan, Ran away with a man, And as for the bucket, Nantucket.
38Poetry ShowcaseSo now… are you ready to become a poet?