Presentation on theme: "G Tyre 1 ospel eography in. Palestine in the days of Christ 2 01 Mediterranean Sea 02 Sea of Galilee 03 Nazareth 04 Mt Carmel 05 Judea 06 Sychar 07 Idumea."— Presentation transcript:
5 Gospel in Geography Mark 3:7-8 7 But Jesus withdrew with His disciples to the sea. And a great multitude from Galilee followed Him, and from Judea 8 and Jerusalem and Idumea and beyond the Jordan; and those from Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude, when they heard how many things He was doing, came to Him.
6 About 20-25 miles apart Joshua 19:29 29 And the border turned to Ramah and to the fortified city of Tyre; then the border turned to Hosah, and ended at the sea by the region of Achzib.
7 This lake has been drained Notice how the land sticks out
8 Notice what you DO NOT see in this map. A harbor like we see at Mt Carmel But look how the land really looks
Tyre 11 Tyre Tyre: Jesus referred to this city and Sidon when he pronounced “woes” on the cities of Chorazin and Bethsaida because the inhabitants would not repent despite the miracles Jesus had performed (Mat. 11:21; Luke 10:13) Matthew 11:21 (NKJV) 21 "Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works which were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. Luke 10:13 (NKJV) 13 "Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works which were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.
12 Location and Setting - Tyre The home of the sea-faring Phoenicians, Tyre guarded the eastern Mediterranean coast, serving as an important seaport, not only for Phoenicia, but also for Israel and Syria. Tyre’s identity was often linked with Sidon, the other major Phoenician seaport, twenty-five miles to the north. Together with Tyre and Sidon, the coastal cities of Byblos and Arvad farther to the north formed the four major seaports of the Phoenicians. Each city functioned as an independent city-state, with little political unity among them. In addition to its being an important seaport, the city of Tyre was known for cedar timber from the mountains of Lebanon, just inland from the coast. Other industries included the processing of purple dye from murex shells, a shipping fleet, and the mining of tin, silver and copper.
14 Byblos - Gebal Byblos: (Gebal) This was the Greek name given to the Phoenician city port of Gebal. (Joshua 13:1-5) Known for ship building, the craftsmen were called “wise men” and “Calkers”
15 Byblos - Gebal Psalm 6 The tents of Edom and the Ishmaelite; Moab, and the Haggardness; 7 Gebal, and Amman, and Amalek; Philistia with the inhabitants of Tyre: Ezekiel 27:9 9 The old men of Gebal and the wise men thereof were in thee thy calkers: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in thee to deal in thy merchandise.
16 Byblos - Gebal Calkers Repairers of seams. The inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad were thy mariners: thy wise men, O Tyre, that were in thee, were thy pilots. The ancients of Gebal and the wise men thereof were in thee thy Calkers: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in thee to occupy thy merchandise. King James Version Dictionary.
19 Arvad Ezekiel 27:8 8 The inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad were thy rowers: thy wise men, O Tyre, were in thee, they were thy pilots. Ezekiel 27:11 11 The men of Arvad with thine army were upon thy walls round about, and valorous men were in thy towers; they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they have perfected thy beauty.
21 Tyre – Sidon - Byblos - Arvad Appears to be on the shore
22 Arvad – Arwad Lebanon Arvad/Arwad is an Island off the coast of Syria Arvad / Arwad an island off the coast of Syria some 30 miles north of Tripoli. The island was about 800 ft long by 500 ft wide, surrounded by a massive wall. See Ezekiel 27: 8 & 11
23 Ezekiel 27:8 8 "Inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad were your oarsmen; Your wise men, O Tyre, were in you; They became your pilots. Ezekiel 27:11 11 Men of Arvad with your army were on your walls all around, And the men of Gammad were in your towers; They hung their shields on your walls all around; They made your beauty perfect.
26 Arvad - Arwad ("wandering".) "The Arvadite" was a descendant of Canaan like Zidon, Hamath, etc. (Genesis 10:18; 1 Chronicles 1:16.) In Ezekiel 27:8; Ezekiel 27:11, "the men of Arvad" are among the mariners of the ship, namely, Tyre. Arvad is the isle Ruad, off Tortosa, two or three miles from the Phoenician coast, at the N. end of the bay above Tripoli. It is elevated and rocky, but hardly a mile round. Strabo mentions Arvad's likeness to Tyre, and the superior seamanship of its people. The inhabitants still, to the number of a thousand, are employed as pilots, shipbuilders, sponge divers, and sailors. There are remains of the sea walls, some of the stones 12 feet long by 10 high, not beveled, but indented with deep grooves on the upper surface, one groove square, three semicircular.
39 The Hippodrome Ruins Largest in Roman World The sports Hippodrome was built by Herod the Great like a Roman circus, for chariot races. The spectators sat on stair-like seats around a central space, which had in the middle a large partition that the chariots raced around.
Tyre and Sidon – Woman of Canaan came to Jesus to ask Him to heal her daughter Called a Greek Syro-Phoenician (Mark 7:26) 40 Gospel in Geography
41 Mark 7:26 The woman was a Greek, a Syro-Phoenician by birth, and she kept asking Him to cast the demon out of her daughter.