Presentation on theme: "Mycenae The Citadel. Mycenae Enduring Understanding: Mycenaeans were an advanced Bronze Age civilization which existed in a time of much warfare. Mycenaeans."— Presentation transcript:
Mycenae Enduring Understanding: Mycenaeans were an advanced Bronze Age civilization which existed in a time of much warfare. Mycenaeans took great measures to guard themselves from attack and were skilled craftsmen, architects and artists.
Mycenae Brief History: –Location: Mainland of Greece –Mycenae was one of a number of small kingdoms in mainland Greece during Bronze Age. –It was the most important, so the civilization encompassing all of the kingdoms is known as Mycenaean, after Mycenae.
Mycenae History: Archaeology –Heinrich Schliemann first to really do much work on the site, he was famous for having discovered Troy. He began excavating in late 1830’s. Lion’s Gate discovered in 1841. 1874, he discovered shaft graves. He also was the first to explore Tiryns in 1876. –Christos Tsountas excavated from 1880-1902. He uncovered the palace and the secret cistern. –Excavations continued until the 1950’s. –Other archaeologists are: Dorpfeld, 1880’s, Blegen, 1950’s. Both excavated at Pylos, where the palace of Nestor was.
Mycenae Many houses were built within the citadel walls. Many were also built outside those same walls. Also scattered throughout the area are Tholos tombs (shaped like beehives).
Mycenae Treasury of Atreus: Tholos tomb located south of the citadel. 13 th BC. Type of construction: Corbelling – each successive horizontal course laid inward from one below until area is closed off.
Mycenae Entryway to Treasury of Atreus: –Ashlar masonry walls. –Corebelling over doorway. Decreased weight over lintel. Open triangle. Same tech. used over Lion’s Gate.
Mycenaeans Essential Questions: From what they produced, what do you believe the Mycenaeans were most concerned about? Provide examples to show that the Mycenaeans were an advanced civilization. How de we know the Mycenaeans were always prepared for attacks?