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© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 1 PowerPoint Presentation Publisher The Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.

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Presentation on theme: "© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 1 PowerPoint Presentation Publisher The Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 1 PowerPoint Presentation Publisher The Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Tinley Park, Illinois

2 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 2 Chapter 13 The Floor Plan

3 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 3 The Floor Plan The floor plan is the heart of a set of construction drawings.floor plan –All tradeworkers refer to the floor plan. –Usually the first drawing completed. –The basis for many other plans. –Actually a section drawing. Keep the floor plan clean and uncluttered.

4 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 4 Required Information Information that should be included on the floor plan includes: –Location of Exterior and interior walls. –Size and location of windows and doors. –Location of Stairs. –Room names. –Materials used (Material symbols). –Location and size dimensions. (continued)

5 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 5 Required Information –Drawing scale. –Built-in cabinets and appliances. –Location of Permanent fixtures. –Location of Fireplaces and Chimneys. –Walks, patios, and decks. –Related structures are frequently included.

6 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 6 Location and Size of Walls Walls should be drawn actual thickness. Since the floor plan is a section drawing hatch patterns (symbols) should be used to indicate materials.

7 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 7 Wall Material Symbols

8 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 8 Windows and Doors Use a centerline to locate the opening for windows and doors in frame walls. Dimension to the side of the opening in a masonry wall. Openings for windows are sash width. Openings for doors are actual width. Door swing should be indicated.

9 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 9 Window and Door Location Windows and doors should be located in a frame wall using a centerline. Door swing is also shown.

10 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 10 Stairs and Fireplaces Only information about the basic size and location of stairs and chimneys needs to be recorded on the floor plan. For stairs, show direction of flight, number of risers, and width of stairs. For a chimney, show basic depth and width, opening design, and location.

11 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 11 Stairs on Floor Plan Information about a set of stairs that is usually included on the floor plan.

12 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 12 Walks, Patios, and Decks Several outside features are usually included on the floor plan. Walks, patios, and decks are examples. Indicate size and materials on the plan. Consider these elements as part of the total plan.

13 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 13 Room Names Room names help communicate the plan to others. Room names should be 3/16" high. Room names should be in the center of the room.

14 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 14 Material Symbols Material symbols or material hatch patterns are used to denote each material.Material symbolsmaterial hatch patterns Use a material symbol whenever the material should be identified. If the symbol is not a standard one, identify it.

15 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 15 Material Symbols

16 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 16 Material Symbols

17 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 17 Dimensioning Dimensions on a floor plan show size and location of the features. Proper placement of dimensions requires good judgment. Locate dimensions where one would logically look for them. In architectural drafting, dimension lines are continuous lines with the dimension figure placed above the line.

18 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 18 Dimensioning Dimension figures are always parallel to the dimension line (aligned). Be consistent with the type of termination symbol used for dimension lines. Move dimension lines out from drawing. Space dimension lines 1/4" or 3/8" apart. Make leaders no longer than 2".

19 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 19 Dimensioning Dimensions are recorded in feet and inches. Feet and inch marks may be omitted. Dimensions less than 1' are usually indicated as 1/2", 2", 6", etc. Dimension interior frame walls to the center of the wall. Dimension exterior frame walls to the outside of the stud wall.

20 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 20 Dimensioning Recommended method of dimensioning frame wall construction.

21 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 21 Dimensioning Solid masonry walls (cast concrete, block, brick, or stone) are usually dimensioned as shown.

22 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 22 Dimensioning Brick veneer walls are dimensioned to the outside of the stud wall. Solid masonry walls are dimensioned to the outside of the wall. Overall dimensions are needed to provide the total length and width of the structure or major parts of the structure.Overall dimensions

23 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 23 Dimensioning Add up partial dimensions to be sure they equal the overall dimensions. Notes are often necessary to present information that cannot be represented by dimensions or symbols. Notes should be read from the bottom of the sheet.

24 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 24 Scale and Sheet Identification Residential floor plans are usually drawn at 1/4" = 1'-0". C-size paper is generally large enough. Number the sheets in the package. –Sheet 1 of 6, 2 of 6, etc., works well. –Sheet numbers should be placed in the lower right-hand corner.


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