# Competency: Design and Draw Stair Systems

## Presentation on theme: "Competency: Design and Draw Stair Systems"— Presentation transcript:

Competency: 305.00 Design and Draw Stair Systems
Objective: Explain the calculations for rise, run, total rise, total run, and floor cutout.

Building Considerations
Minimum headroom = 6’-8” Riser height = 7” to 7-5/8” Riser material thickness = ¾” Tread depth = 10” to 11-1/2” Tread material thickness = 1-1/4” Tread width = 36” clear above/below handrail Handrail height = 30” to 38”

Building Considerations
Guardrail heights Required if landing is 30” above floor or grade Minimum height = 36” Vertical members spacing maximum = 4” Do not allow passage of 6” diameter sphere

Building Considerations
Require handrail for 4 or more risers Minimum 1-1/2” between handrail and wall Handgrip does not exceed 2-5/8” in cross-section Local codes for winders, spiral stairs, illumination, etc Nosing projects 1-1/8” to 1-1/2”

General Design Rules Slope (rise-to-run) ratio between 300 and 350
Sum or two risers & one tread equals approximately 25” Riser height multiplied by tread width equals approximately 75” Sum of one riser & one tread equals 17” to 18”

Stair Calculation Total rise Example: 8’-0”
Distance: finished lower floor to finished Thickness of ceiling material Width of floor joist Thickness of subfloor Thickness of finished floor Example: 8’-0” (gypsum board or drywall) 1/2” (2”x 8” joist) 7-1/4” (1/2” plywood sheathing) 1/2” (floor & underlayment) 1” Total Rise = 8’-10 ¼”

Stair Calculation Number of risers Example:
Convert TOTAL RISE to inches Divide TOTAL RISE by 7 Example: TOTAL RISE = 106.25” / 7 = 15.17 Number of risers = 15 or 16

Stair Calculation Height of riser Example: TOTAL RISE inches 106.25”
Divide by number of risers Each riser must be equal in height Example: 106.25” / 15 TOTAL RISE = 7.08”

Stair Calculation Ensure accuracy of riser and tread dimensions

Stair Calculation Total Run Example