2POETRY One of three major types of literature No single, defining characteristicMusical and emotional language3 major types: lyric, narrative, concreteDivided into lines and stanzas
3FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Writing or speech not meant to be taken literally Used to state ideas in creative, imaginative ways
4ALLITERATIONRepetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
5ALLITERATION EXAMPLES! Thursdays are terrific!The cat curls up on the couch.Luckily, I love to eat Lucky Charms.Devour the delicious donuts.Miss Smith eats many marshmallows on Mondays.I baked brownies for Ben’s birthday.
6No real pattern or regular rhythm FREE VERSELines vary in lengthNo real pattern or regular rhythm
7Expresses observations and feelings of a single speaker LYRIC POEMHighly musical verseExpresses observations and feelings of a single speaker
8An exaggeration for emphasis HYPERBOLEAn exaggeration for emphasisThe situation is at least a million billion times worse than I imagined.
9HYPERBOLE EXAMPLES!I'm so hungry I could eat a cow.His head is so big he won't fit through the door. (Meaning: He's full of himself.)I ate 100 pieces of pizza last night.
10Let’s listen to a song that has a LOT of figurative language in it!
11Word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five senses IMAGE/IMAGERYWord or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five sensesUsed to describe the five senses
12IMAGE/IMAGERY EXAMPLES! The sun was shining brightly in the sky. (also has alliteration)The rain glistened on the sidewalk.Her sequin dress sparkled as the cameras flashed to take her picture.
13This means that the author did a good job using images and imagery!
14METAPHOR Points out similarities between two unlike objects Figure of speech where one thing is described as though it is something elseDoesn't use like or as
15METAPHOR EXAMPLES!"Language is a road map of a culture. It tells you where its people come from and where they are going." - Rita Mae Brown"Love is a battlefield." -Pat BenetarTime is a thief.My room is a black hole.
16ONOMATOPOEIAUsing words that imitate sounds (words that sound like the meaning of the word)
18Giving humanlike qualities to a non-human subject PERSONIFICATIONGiving humanlike qualities to a non-human subject
19PERSONIFICATION EXAMPLES! When pigs fly…My computer hates me.The camera loves me.The rug tripped me.The drawer bit my finger.
20Regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song REFRAINRegularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
21REFRAIN EXAMPLES!From “I knew you were trouble” by Taylor Swift'Cause I knew you were trouble when you walked in So shame on me now Flew me to places I'd never been 'Til you put me down, oh I knew you were trouble when you walked in So shame on me now Flew me to places I'd never been Now I'm lying on the cold hard ground Oh, oh, trouble, trouble, trouble Oh, oh, trouble, trouble, trouble
22Repeating (more than once) any element of language REPETITIONRepeating (more than once) any element of languageRepeated sound patterns: rhyme, alliteration, rhythmRefrain = repeated line, lines or group of lines
23REPETITION EXAMPLES! "And miles to go before I sleep, From: Robert Frost, "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”"...Nevermore... Nevermore" from "The Raven" by Edgar Allen Poe.
25RHYME EXAMPLES!I love to eat donuts all the time. I don’t share because they’re all mine. Dunkin’ Donuts munchkins taste the best. Those donuts are better than all the rest!Cat, bat, hat, mat sing, bring, fling, ka-ching!Mall, fall, ball, crawl key, flee, pea, kneeTop, mop, flop dove, love, above
26RHYME SCHEME Regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem Rhyme scheme is marked with lowercase letters
27RHYME SCHEME EXAMPLE!I love to eat donuts all the time. I don’t share because they’re all mine. Dunkin’ Donuts munchkins taste the best. Those donuts are better than all the rest! I dream about donuts every night. If I can’t have a donut, I’ll put up a fight! Donuts taste so incredibly great. I would love to have donuts on a date. If my date took my delicious treat, I’d chase him down the street!
28RHYTHMPattern of beats (or stresses/emphasis) in written or spoken language
29A comparison between two unlike ideas using LIKE or AS. SIMILEA comparison between two unlike ideas using LIKE or AS.
30SIMILE EXAMPLES! My love is like a red, red rose. "It's been a hard day's night and I've been working like a dog." -The BeatlesHis skin was as cold as ice."I will be rising from the ground like a skyscraper." -Demi Lovato
31STANZA Formal division of lines in a poem Functions like a paragraph does in writingEach stanza states and develops a single main idea
32"Good Riddance (Time Of Your Life)" - By: Green Day STANZA EXAMPLES!"Good Riddance (Time Of Your Life)" - By: Green DayAnother turning point, a fork stuck in the roadTime grabs you by the wrist, directs you where to goSo make the best of this test, and don't ask whyIt's not a question, but a lesson learned in timeIt's something unpredictable, but in the end it's right.I hope you had the time of your life.So take the photographs, and still frames in your mindHang it on a shelf in good health and good timeTattoos of memories and dead skin on trialFor what it's worth it was worth all the while
33STANZA EXAMPLES!I remember when we broke up the first time Saying this is it, I've had enough, 'cause like We haven't seen each other in a month When you, said you, needed space, what? Then you come around again and say Baby, I miss you and I swear I'm gonna change Trust me, remember how that lasted for a day I say, I hate you, we break up, you call me, I love you Oooh we called it off again last night But Oooh, this time I'm telling you, I'm telling you We are never ever ever getting back together We are never ever ever getting back together You go talk to your friends talk To my friends talk to me But we are never ever ever ever getting back together. Like ever... I'm really gonna miss you picking fights And me, falling for a screaming that I'm right And you, will hide away and find your piece of mind with some indie record that's much cooler than mine Oooh you called me up again tonight But Oooh, this time I'm telling you, I'm telling you We are never ever ever getting back together We are never ever ever getting back together You go talk to your friends talk To my friends talk to me But we are never ever ever ever getting back together I used to think, that we, were forever ever ever And I used to say never say never Huh, he calls me up and he's like, I still love you And I'm like, I'm just, I mean this is exhausting, you know We are never getting back together, like ever We are never ever ever getting back together We are never ever ever getting back together You go talk to your friends talk To my friends talk to me But we are never ever ever ever getting back together We, oooh, oooh, not back together, we Oh, getting back together You go talk to your friends talk And my friends talk to me But we are never ever ever ever getting back togetherTaylor Swift – “We are never getting back together”
34SYMBOLSomething that stands for something else (represents something else)
35SYMBOL EXAMPLES! A clock could represent time passing you by. A crossroads could represent a big decision you need to make.American flag - stands for freedom