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STARTER Which way does the current point in this wire? Magnetic Forces, Fields, and Directions

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Directions Referenced to Your Sheet of Paper

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The Force on a Charge Moving Perpendicular to a Magnetic Field F = qvB q = charge in Coulombs v = velocity in m/s B = magnitude of the B- field

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Direction of the Force on a Moving Charge in a B-Field Point the fingers of your right hand in the direction of the velocity. Rotate your wrist until you can fold your fingers 90 degrees and point in the direction of B. Your thumb points in the direction of the force.

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Example A 2mC charge moving at 100m/s passes through a 2T B-field at right angles as shown. What force does it feel? What is the direction? F =qvB = .002(100)2 =.400N, OUT F =qvB = .002(100)2 =.400N, OUT

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The Force on a Current-Carrying Wire Perpendicular to a Magnetic Field F = BiL i = current in the wire in amps L = length of the wire B = magnitude of the B- field

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Direction of the Force on a Current-Carrying Wire in a B-Field Point the fingers of your right hand in the direction of the current (i). Rotate your wrist until you can fold your fingers 90 degrees and point in the direction of B. Your thumb points in the direction of the force.

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Example A 2m long wire with a current of 10A is in a 2T B-field at right angles as shown. What force does it feel? What is the direction? F = BiL 2(10)2 = 40.0N, IN

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B-Field of a Straight Wire

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Direction of the Magnetic Field ( B) in a Current Loop Rotate your fingers of the right hand around the loop in the direction of the current, and your thumb will point in the direction of the B – Field. Rotate your fingers of the right hand around the loop in the direction of the current, and your thumb will point in the direction of the B – Field.

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Direction of the Magnetic Field ( B) in a Current Loop Rotate your fingers of the right hand around the loop in the direction of the current, and your thumb will point in the direction of the B – Field. Rotate your fingers of the right hand around the loop in the direction of the current, and your thumb will point in the direction of the B – Field.

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Magnetic Field Direction for Coils

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Direction of the Force on a Moving Charge in a B-Field Point the fingers of your right hand in the direction of the velocity. Rotate your wrist until you can fold your fingers 90 degrees and point in the direction of B. Your thumb points in the direction of the force.

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Direction of the Force on a Current- Carrying Wire in a B-Field Point the fingers of your right hand in the direction of the current (i). Rotate your wrist until you can fold your fingers 90 degrees and point in the direction of B. Your thumb points in the direction of the force.

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Direction of the Force on a Current- Carrying Wire in a B-Field

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Formula Summary Magnetic Fields and Forces N = number of turns I = current in amps L = length of coil Straight Wire Current Loop Coil (solenoid) Force on a current in a B-Field Force on a charged particle in a B-Field 0 = 1.26 x 10 -6 T. m / A

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Practice – Find the direction of B at point P. Direction is ________________? IN

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Practice – Find the direction of B at point P. Direction is ________________? OUT

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Practice – Find the direction of B at point P. Direction is ________________? DOWN

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Practice – Find the direction of B at point P. Direction is ________________? UP

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Practice – Find the direction of B at the center of the loop. Direction is ________________? IN

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Practice – Find the direction of the force on the wire. Direction is ________________? LEFT

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Practice – Find the direction of the force on the wire. Direction is ________________? RIGHT

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Practice – Find the direction of the force on the bottom wire. Direction is ________________? UP

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Practice – Find the direction of the force on the top wire. Direction is ________________? Down

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Practice – Find the direction of the force on the top wire. Direction is ________________? Up

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The wires are separated by distance a and carry currents I 1 and I 2 in the same direction. Wire 2, carrying current I 2, sets up a magnetic field B 2.

The wires are separated by distance a and carry currents I 1 and I 2 in the same direction. Wire 2, carrying current I 2, sets up a magnetic field B 2.

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