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Chapters 16, 17, 18 Shoulder, Elbow, Wrist, and Hand.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapters 16, 17, 18 Shoulder, Elbow, Wrist, and Hand."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Chapters 16, 17, 18 Shoulder, Elbow, Wrist, and Hand

3 Bones of the Shoulder Joint Shoulder Bones Parts of the Bones

4 Bones of the Elbow Joint 3 bones Parts of the bones

5 Bones of the Wrist and Hand Carpals 8 carpal bones 8 carpal bonesMetacarpals 5 metacarpals 5 metacarpalsPhalanges 14 phalanges 14 phalanges

6 Ranges of Motion Shoulder Abduction Abduction Adduction Adduction Flexion Flexion Extension Extension Internal Rotation Internal Rotation External Rotation External Rotation Horizontal Abduction Horizontal Abduction Horizontal Adduction Horizontal Adduction Circumduction Circumduction Elevation Elevation Depression Depression Protraction Protraction Retraction Retraction Elbow Flexion Extension Supination PronationWrist Flexion Extension Pronation Supination Radial Deviation Ulnar Deviation

7 Muscles of the Shoulder Rotator Cuff Muscles: AKA “SITS” muscles AKA “SITS” muscles Subscapularis SubscapularisOriginInsertionFunction Infraspinatus InfraspinatusOriginInsertionFunction Teres Minor Teres MinorOriginInsertionFunction Supraspinatus SupraspinatusOriginInsertionFunction

8 Pectoralis Muscles Pectoralis Major Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Pectoralis Minor Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function

9 Subclavius Muscle OriginInsertionFunction

10 Serratus Anterior OriginInsertionFunction

11 Trapezius and Latissimus Dorsi Trapezius Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Latissimus Dorsi Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function

12 Scapular Rotators Levator Scapulae Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Rhomboid Major Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Rhomboid Minor Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Teres Major Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function

13 Deltoid Muscles OriginInsertionFunction

14 Biceps Brachii Origin Short Head Short Head Long Head Long HeadInsertionFunction

15 Triceps Brachii Origin Long Head Long Head Lateral Head Lateral Head Medial Head Medial HeadInsertionFunction

16 Brachialis OriginInsertionFunction

17 Coracobrachialis OriginInsertionFunction

18 Muscles of the Elbow, Wrist, and Hand Anconeus OriginInsertionFunction

19 Superficial Wrist Flexor Muscles Flexor Carpi Radialis Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Palmaris Longis Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Flexor Carpi Ulnaris Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Flexor Digitorum Superficialis Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function

20 Deep Wrist Flexor Muscles Flexor Digitorum Profundus Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Flexor Pollicis Longus Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function

21 Superficial Wrist Extensor Muscles Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Extensor Digitorum Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Extensor Digiti Minimi Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function

22 Deep Wrist Extensor Muscles Abductor Pollicis Longus Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Extensor Pollicis Brevis Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Extensor Pollicis Longus Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Extensor Indicis Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function

23 BrachioradialisOriginInsertionFunction

24 Supinator OriginInsertionFunction

25 Pronator Muscles Pronator Quadratus Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function Pronator Teres Origin Origin Insertion Insertion Function Function

26 Common Injuries Shoulder 1. Acromioclavicular Ligament Sprain (Shoulder Separation) 2. Glenohumeral Ligament Sprain 3. Rotator Cuff Strain 4. Impingement Syndrome 5. Bicipital Tendinitis 6. Biceps Tendon Rupture 7. Clavicular Fracture 8. Humeral Fracture 9. Epiphysis Injury (epiphyseal fracture) 10. Avulsion Fracture 11. Glenohumeral Dislocation and Subluxation Elbow 1. Ulnar Collateral Ligament Sprain 2. Elbow Flexor Strain 3. Elbow Extensor Strain 4. Wrist Flexor Strains 5. Wrist Extensor Strains 6. Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) 7. Little League Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis) 8. Ulna Dislocation 9. Elbow Hyperextension 10. Olecranon Bursitis

27 Common Injuries (Continued) 1.Wrist Sprains 2.Dislocation of the Lunate 3.Interphalangeal Collateral Ligament Sprain 4.Dislocation of the Interphalangeal Joint or the Metacarpal Phalangeal Joint 1.Gamekeeper’s Thumb 2.de Quervain’s Tendinitis 3.Mallet Finger 4.Jersey Finger 5.Boutonniere Deformity 6.Scaphoid Fracture 7.Radial Collateral Ligament Sprain (Thumb Sprain)

28 Ulna Dislocation Etiology Signs and Symptoms Treatment

29 Dislocated Finger Etiology Signs & Symptoms Treatment

30 Gamekeeper’s Thumb Etiology Signs & Symptoms Treatment

31 de Quervain’s Tendinitis Etiology Signs & Symptoms Treatment

32 Mallet Finger Etiology Signs & Symptoms Treatment:

33 Jersey Finger Etiology Signs & Symptoms Treatment

34 Boutonniere Deformity Etiology Sign & Symptoms Treatment

35 Scaphoid Fracture Etiology Signs & Symptoms Treatment


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