Abduction: Movement of an extremity away from the midline of the body in the frontal/coronal plane. Shoulder, Hips
Adduction- Moving an extremity closer to the midline of the body in the frontal plane Shoulder, Hips
Pronation and Supination- Rotational movements in the forearm and ankle. Movement is considered to be in the transverse plane. Forearm-Anatomical Pos.=Supinated.Palm facing back is Pronated. Ankle- Pronated-sole of foot opens laterally
Protraction-Anterior movement of a part Retraction-Posterior movement of a part Sagittal plane
Elevation-Raising a body part Depression-Lowering a body part Frontal plane
Rotation-Turning of a body part on a single axis. (Internal or External) Neck, shoulder, hip Transverse Plane
Circumduction- Tri-planer movement at the hip and shoulder.
Lateral Flexion- Side bending to the left and right. In the frontal plane.
Plantar Flexion-ankle movement pointing toes down in the sagittal plane Dorsiflexion- ankle movement pointing toes up in the sagittal plane.
Inversion- Ankle movement with the sole of the foot turning inward in the frontal plane Eversion- Ankle movement with the sole of the foot turning outward in the frontal plane.
Radial Deviation –Lateral movement of the wrist toward the radius in the frontal plane Ulnar Deviation-Medial movement of the wrist toward the ulna in the frontal plane Opposition- Movement of the thumb across the palm of the hand. Finger Ad and Abduction