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Ergonomic and Office Safety Overview Connie Grondona, RN, MS Health Services Finance Network Presentation 7/21/05.

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Presentation on theme: "Ergonomic and Office Safety Overview Connie Grondona, RN, MS Health Services Finance Network Presentation 7/21/05."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ergonomic and Office Safety Overview Connie Grondona, RN, MS Health Services Finance Network Presentation 7/21/05

2 Employee Responsibilities Promptly report ergonomic concerns/discomfort to supervisor. Report to Health Services for medical assistance. Request ergo evaluation when you move and/or to identify at risk conditions. Properly utilize ergo accessories. Use safe ergonomic work practices.

3 Tendonitis Normal tendon glides smoothly in a tendon sheath When under pressure, the capillary flow to the sheath is temporarily interrupted When blood supply returns, swelling occurs

4 Carpal Tunnel, inside of Wrist Inside view of right wrist Yellow nerve crosses under flexor retinaculum Nerve has to share the space with nine tendons and tendon sheaths

5 Cubital Tunnel, or ‘Funny Bone’ The ulnar nerve passes by the inside of the elbow through a fibrous tunnel Swelling can put pressure on the ulnar nerve Symptoms are felt at the elbow and into the little finger This is called Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

6 Warning Signs Watch for: Tingling or numbness in hands Pain: sharp, dull or burning sensation Stiffness, reduced range of motion in arms, wrists Clumsiness, loss of grip strength or coordination Visual fatigue, watery eyes, dryness

7 Prevention Hypotheses Reduce force Neutral posture (straight wrist) Reduce repetitions Ergonomic changes Work breaks and/or stretching Job rotation General Health

8 Ergonomic Workstations BAD BETTER Adjustable Accessories

9 Ergonomic Risk Factors Awkward positions Static postures Repetitive motion Forceful exertion Contact pressure

10 Reaching Risk Factors Elbow Arm/Wrist Shoulder Back Elbows in Face the object you are reaching for

11 Ergo Chairs & Accessories Features/Adjustments: Height Seat pan (width/depth) Backrest height Backrest tilt Backrest tension Armrests Casters

12 Monitor Accessories Screen height at eye level (exception: bifocals and trifocal lens wearers). about arms length away Room lighting -avoid backlight, shadows or reflective glare Flat Panel-lighter easier read

13 Input Devices - Pointing Devices

14 Notebooks, Laptops, Etc.  Laptops can cause: Awkward arm position Neck flexion to view the screen Neck pain from carrying/transporting laptops  Fixes: Use docking station and external input devices Acquire portable devices and accessories

15 Telephone Use Telephone evaluation: reach, placement of phone, frequency of calls vs. duration of call Cordless unit / motorized unit LBNL Telephone Services

16 Workstation Setup: Neutral Posture!

17 1.Use a good chair and sit back 2.Top of monitor 2-3" above eyes 3.No glare on screen 4.Sit at arms length 5.Feet on floor or footrest 6.Use a document holder 7.Wrists flat and straight 8.Arms and elbows close to body 9.Center monitor and keyboard in front of you 10.Use a negative tilt keyboard tray 11.Use a stable work surface 12.Take frequent micro-breaks

18 Online Ergo Evaluation Request Screen

19 Ergo Resources Go: “ A-Z ” “ S ” “ Stretchware : Computer Work Break Software” Download Stretchware: Ergo Display Center (Building 26) LBNL Chair and Workstation Loaner Programs EH&S Ergo Accessories Loaner Program Ergo Website and EHS Training Courses Consult with ergo evaluator, division liaison and/or health care professional “Terminal” Glasses

20 Other Office Hazards - Electrical Power Strips, or Relocatable Power Taps (RPTs) Designed for computer systems (monitor, CPU, printer, scanner, speakers, etc.) and low current equipment (< 5 amperes) Plug directly into wall outlets; do not connect to extension cords Higher powered items are not to be plugged into RPTs: Office fans > 600 watts Copy machines Coffee pots Microwave ovens Toasters/toaster ovens Refrigerators Portable space heaters

21 Stairways and Step Stools When using a step stool:  Make sure it is tall enough  Place on even surface  Climb facing the steps  Don’t over reach Hold handrail Eyes on path Proper footwear Carry small packages Watch out for debris

22 Materials Handling - Lifting

23 Summary Pay attention to your computer workstation Get an ergonomic evaluation Try to break up keyboard work with other duties Report to Health Services with persistent discomfort associated with keyboard work Review your office area for other safety hazards

24 Other Health Services Information B-26, open M-F, 7:30 am-4:30 pm Medical advice, first aid and referral Worker’s Compensation & Short Term Disability assistance Medical Surveillance &Voluntary Exam Program Flu shot clinic Skin cancer screening clinic Safety glasses including “terminal” glasses

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