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Hand Tool Use and Selection Guidance in Construction Adapted from a presentation developed by Washington State Department of Labor & Industries, Division.

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Presentation on theme: "Hand Tool Use and Selection Guidance in Construction Adapted from a presentation developed by Washington State Department of Labor & Industries, Division."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hand Tool Use and Selection Guidance in Construction Adapted from a presentation developed by Washington State Department of Labor & Industries, Division of Occupational Safety and Health

2 Overview:  The hands and wrists are made up of a variety of fragile bones, nerves, blood vessels, tendons and ligaments that can be easily damaged if they are misused.

3  The following are some of the conditions that can cause hand and wrist illnesses: Frequent or repetitive movement of the hand or wrist, usually associated with awkward wrist angles Inappropriate tool and equipment design Vibrating tools Poor work station design and arrangement Cold environments

4 Things to consider when using and selecting hand tools 1. Design tasks and select tools to reduce extreme flexion or deviation of the wrist 2. Bend the tool, not the wrist 3. User lower weight tools or reduce the weight of the tool

5 4. Don’t raise or extend elbows with heavy tools

6 5. Avoid stress on pressure points  Stress concentrations result from poorly designed tool handles or handle areas that exert pressure on the palms or fingers.

7 6. Reduce grip force requirements  Make sure the tool handle or grip area is the right size for your hand. 7. Evaluate grip surface  Look for cushioned, padded, non-slip and anti-vibration handle materials.

8 8. Use a power grip  Design tasks so that a power rather than a pinch grip can be used to grasp materials. –A pinch grip is five times more stressful than a power grip. –The greater the effort to maintain control of a hand tool, the higher the potential for injury.

9 9. Avoid repetitive trigger-finger actions  “Trigger-finger” happens when one of your fingers or your thumb catches in a bent position. The finger or thumb may straighten with a snap.  It’s caused by the narrowing of the tendon sheath when repetitive gripping actions are performed.

10 (Continue - Avoid repetitive trigger-finger actions)  Tendons in the finger joints can swell due to overuse, “locking” the finger into a fixed position.  Select “triggers” that allow two or three fingers to activate.

11 9. Isolate hands from heat and cold  Heat and cold can cause loss of manual dexterity and increased grip strength requirements.  Due to developments in glove materials many are less bulky and provide better protection.

12 10. Isolate hands from vibration  Excessive vibration can cause reduced blood circulation and cause white-finger syndrome. White-finger syndrome Anti-vibration gloves

13 Thank you for taking the time to learn about safety and health and how to prevent injuries and illnesses. To learn more about ways to protect your hands, visit


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