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Wrist and Hand Conditions

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Presentation on theme: "Wrist and Hand Conditions"— Presentation transcript:

1 Wrist and Hand Conditions
Chapter 13

2 Wrist Articulations Radiocarpal: Radius with the Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum. Intercarpal Distal Radioulnar Triangular Fibro cartilage Complex stabilizes the Radioulnar joint.

3 Hand Articulations Carpometacarpal (CM) Intermetacarpal (IM)
Metacarpophalangeal (MP) Interphalangeal (IP)

4 Carpometacarpal and Intermetacarpal Joints
CM of the thumb is a saddle joint CM of the four fingers gliding joints IM reinforced by joint capsules comprised of the dorsal, volar, and two interosseous CM ligaments

5 Metacarpophalangeal Joints
Rounded distal heads of the metacarpals articulate with the concave proximal ends of the phalanges Reinforced by strong collateral ligaments

6 Interphalangeal Joints
The Proximal (PIP), Distal (DIP), and the IP joint of the thumb are all hinge joints The articular capsule made up of volar and collateral ligaments surround each IP joint

7 Muscles Retinacula of the Wrist: Tendon Sheaths:
The fascial tissue surrounding the wrist thickened into strong fibrous bands called retinacula that form protective passageways through which tendons, nerves, and blood vessels pass. Tendon Sheaths: Sealed at both ends containing synovial fluid, annular pulleys that prevent tendon bowstringing with flexion.

8 Kinematics Flexion Extension Hyperextension Radial deviation
Ulnar deviation

9 Flexion Flexor carpi radialis Flexor carpi ulnaris
Palmaris longus (sometimes absent) Flexor digitorum superficialis Flexor digitorum profundus

10 Extension and Hyperextension
Extensor carpi radialis longus Extensor carpi radialis brevis Extensor carpi ulnaris Extensor pollicis longus Extensor digiti minimi Extensor digitorum

11 Radial and Ulnar Deviation
Radial Deviation Flexor carpi radialis Extensor carpi radialis Ulnar Deviation Flexor carpi ulnaris Extensor carpi ulnaris

12 Kinetics of the Wrist Extrinsic flexor muscles are twice as strong as the… Extrinsic extensor muscles Flexors used everyday for gripping, grasping, or pinching movements.

13 Strengthening Strengthening should include general elbow flexion, extension, pronation, and supination, wrist flexion, extension, Radial and Ulnar deviation.

14 Contusions and Abrasions
Thoroughly clean, dress daily, inspect for infection daily. Ice, compression, elevation for 2 – 3 days.

15 Sprains Wrist sprains Gamekeeper’s Thumb
Interphalangeal Collateral Ligament Sprains

16 Dislocations Distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) Lunate dislocation
MP joint dislocation PIP joint dislocation

17 Strains Jersey Finger Mallet Finger Boutonniere Deformity

18 Tendinopathies Trigger Finger DeQuervain’s tenosynovitis
Intersection Syndrome

19 Ganglion Cysts

20 Fingertip Injuries Subungual hematomas Paronychia

21 Nerve Entrapment Syndromes
Median Nerve Entrapment Anterior Interosseous Nerve Syndrome Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Ulnar Nerve Entrapment Ulnar tunnel syndrome Cyclist’s palsy Bowler’s thumb Chris Carlin, Dominique Rodriguez

22 Radial Nerve Entrapment
Distal Posterior Interosseous Nerve Syndrome Superficial Radial Nerve Entrapment

23 Fractures Distal Radial and Ulnar fractures Scaphoid fracture
Monteggia’s fracture Galeazzi’s fracture Colle’s fracture Smith’s fracture Scaphoid fracture Hamate fracture Triquetrum fracture Kienbock’s disease

24 Fractures cont. Metacarpal fractures Bennett’s fracture
Boxer’s fracture Bennett’s fracture Phalangeal fractures

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