Presentation on theme: "UNIT 2 EMPHASIZING OBJECTS “Language Information 3 ” L.E.L.I. Yazmin Vanessa Barrera Idea original E.T.E. Karim Juárez Cortes. Modificación y Diseño."— Presentation transcript:
UNIT 2 EMPHASIZING OBJECTS “Language Information 3 ” L.E.L.I. Yazmin Vanessa Barrera Idea original E.T.E. Karim Juárez Cortes. Modificación y Diseño
USE: It is used when the person who carries out the action ( the agent) is unknown, unimportant or obvious from the context. Unknown: My new laptop was stolen yesterday from my schoolbag. Unimportant: The plants are watered every afternoon. Obvious: The house was burgled. ( by a burglar).
We use the passive voice when we want to show that the action of the verb is more important than the person or thing doing or causing the action. Examples: The first mercury thermometer was invented in 1714. Oliver Twist was written by Charles Dickens
Passive voice is used in English to focus the attention on the action. Example: The telephone was invented in 1876. Note that we are not mentioning who invented the telephone but the action itself.
+ Form “to be” + verb in past participle. Examples: A letter was written. A slice of cheese was eaten. Some televisions were stolen last night. Some books were bought yesterday. A form of verb be is used in passive statements. It’s singular or plural to agree with the subject, and it also tells the tense of the passive construction.
Check this table to make clear the differences between active voice and passive voice Passive Voice The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell. Active Voice Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone.
To rewrite the active voice sentence check the next: 1) The object of the active sentence becomes the subject in the passive sentence. 2) The subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped). ACTIVESUBJECTVERBDIRECT OBJECT Millions of peopleUseThe internet every day. PASSIVESUBJECTVERBAGENT The internetIs usedby millions of people everyday.
The agent of the a verb is the person, people or thing which performs the action. If it is necessary to mention it, use the preposition by. For example: The paper was invented by the Chinese. The first mercury thermometer was invented in 1714 by Gabriel Fahrenheit. The compact disk was invented in 1965 by James Russell.
TenseActive VoicePassive Voice Simple presentMario feeds the dog three times a week. The dog is fed three times a week. Present ContinuousMario is feeding the dog at the moment. The dog is being fed. Simple pastMario fed the dog yesterday.The dog was fed yesterday. Past ContinuousMario was feeding the dog.The dog was being fed. Present perfectMario has fed the dog.The dog has been fed. Future simple “will”Mario will feed the dog.The dog will be fed. ModalMario should feed the dog.The dog should be fed. Modal CANMario can feed the dogThe dog can be fed
ACTIVE VOICEPASSIVE VOICE They don’t speak English in the office. English isn’t spoken in the office. They don’t advertise our products on the internet. Our products aren’t advertised on the internet. He didn’t sell the company in 1999. The company wasn’t sold in 1999. He didn’t develop new software for this computer. New software wasn’t developed for this computer. Our company produces cars. Cars are produced by our company.
One of the greatest inventions through the history was the telephone, It was invented in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell; it was designed to express the communication across wide areas; through the history a lot of changes have being occurred to this amazing invention like functions and size.
The airplane was another very important invention. It was invented by Orville and Wilbur Wright in 1903. It was designed to allowed people and products to quickly move across the world.
BIBLIOGRAPHY Lingo4U ( 2001 – 2010) “Passive Voice” Consultada el día 9 de junio del 2010. http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passivehttp://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive Patricia K. Werner (2007) Mosaic 1 Grammar McGraw-Hill Sue Kay & Vaughan Jone (2000) Inside Out Intermediate Macmillan Sue Kay & Vaughan Jone (2000) Inside Out Upper Intermediate Macmillan Virginia Evans, Jenny Dooley, Enterprise Student’s book Grammar 2, Express Publishing, 2000. USA Chris Redston and Gillie Cunningham, face2 face Intermediate Student’s book. Cambridge University Press. 2006. United Kingdom Jack C. Richards with Jonathan Hull and Susan Proctor. New interchange 2 ( 1997) Cambridge University Press. United Kingdom IMAGES TAKEN FROM: Thermometer: http://themoderatevoice.com/20426/more-newspaper- corporate-illness-mcclatchy-will-cut-workforce-10-percent/http://themoderatevoice.com/20426/more-newspaper- corporate-illness-mcclatchy-will-cut-workforce-10-percent/ Oliver twist book : http://www.teachersbookdepository.com/title.aspx?bookid=964989 http://www.teachersbookdepository.com/title.aspx?bookid=964989 Televisions :http://www.freevectors.net/details/vector+televisions Paper: http://iis.berkeley.edu/studentshttp://iis.berkeley.edu/students Compact disk: http://techpubs.sgi.com/library/tpl/cgi- bin/getdoc.cgi?coll=hdwr&db=bks&fname=/SGI_EndUser/PChall_XL_OG/ap b.htmlhttp://techpubs.sgi.com/library/tpl/cgi- bin/getdoc.cgi?coll=hdwr&db=bks&fname=/SGI_EndUser/PChall_XL_OG/ap b.html Telephone: http://www.peterme.com/archives/000275.htmlhttp://www.peterme.com/archives/000275.html Compact disk: http://www.krunker.com/2007/08/28/the-compact-disk-is- 25-years-old/http://www.krunker.com/2007/08/28/the-compact-disk-is- 25-years-old/ Television: http://digo-lo-que-pienso.blogspot.com/2007/12/la- televisin.htmlhttp://digo-lo-que-pienso.blogspot.com/2007/12/la- televisin.html Watered: http://www.plantea.com/choose-plant.htmhttp://www.plantea.com/choose-plant.htm Burglar: http://ntcf.wordpress.com/2010/09/03/say-no-to-masoli/http://ntcf.wordpress.com/2010/09/03/say-no-to-masoli/ Airplane: http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blairplane.htmhttp://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blairplane.htm Airplane2: http://www.chevroncars.com/learn/history/history-airplaneshttp://www.chevroncars.com/learn/history/history-airplanes Telephone: http://www.pascalecarrington.com/portfolio/telephones.htmlhttp://www.pascalecarrington.com/portfolio/telephones.html Animated telephone: http://en.loadtr.com/animated_telephone- 421445.htmhttp://en.loadtr.com/animated_telephone- 421445.htm Animated airplane: http://www.projectearthinternational.org/OS2008.html