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“Why Drug Test” Drug Prevention Drug Testing Policies & Procedures Jenkins Ind. Board Informational Presentation.

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Presentation on theme: "“Why Drug Test” Drug Prevention Drug Testing Policies & Procedures Jenkins Ind. Board Informational Presentation."— Presentation transcript:

1 “Why Drug Test” Drug Prevention Drug Testing Policies & Procedures Jenkins Ind. Board Informational Presentation

2 Why drug test? Adults – Seventy percent (70%) of all addicted people work full-time. –How many work in our schools every day? Youth – Twenty-five (25%) of the people in treatment facilities are our youth. –Source: White House Drug Control Policy John Waters

3 Why Drug Testing Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) states that implementing student drug testing can achieve three public health goals: 1 – Drug testing helps deter children from initiating drug use; 2 – Drug testing can identify children who have just started using drugs so administrators and parents can intervene early. 3 – Drug testing can help identify children who abuse drugs so they can be referred to effective drug treatment

4 Why Drug Testing Governor Fletcher in June 2004 established the KY Office of Drug Control Policy (ODCP) It was recommended that drug testing was identified as a solution to help curb illicit drug use among school-aged children Recommendations include: Establish KY as a pilot model for school drug testing for the nation Utilize a balanced, random suspicionless approach of all students who participate in any extracurricular activity

5 Cont’d – Why Drug Testing Consider random suspicionless testing for school personnel at piloted sites Consider suspicion-based testing programs According to ONDCP, non-punitive student drug testing is an effective way of preventing drug abuse Student drug testing programs can create a “culture of disapproval toward drugs” helping students stand up to peer pressure Research has shown the strongest predictor of student drug abuse is student’s attitudes toward drug use and perceptions of peer use School systems have a responsibility to exercise reasonable care for the safety of its students

6 Drug Testing ONDCP explains that once a positive test is recorded, it becomes imperative to use the result to intervene. If the follow-up test confirms the positive result, administrators and parents must do everything to ensure treatment and recovery is the focus Students targeted for drug testing should be voluntary participants in some activity outside of regular school curriculum The testing method should be the least intrusive method available The testing program must be genuinely random Develop a clearly written policy

7 Student Drug Testing Advisory Council, March 2005 Findings Addiction is a pediatric-onset disease that needs a strong public health response The earlier a child starts using drugs, the more likely he or she will be to develop a substance abuse problem 1.4 million American teenagers between the ages of 12 and 17 are in need of drug treatment Students who use drugs are statistically more likely than nonusers to quit school, bring weapons to school, be involved in physical attacks, theft, and skipping classes

8 School Drug Testing Policies are not meant to be punitive in nature… School Drug Testing Policies are a Preventive Measure… Enables a student to say, “I can’t use drugs – I might be tested” The adult is given a reason to get “help”

9 According to our own students: Where does Jenkins stand? According to the 2003 KIP Survey: ALCOHOL

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11 Alcohol

12 Drinking once or twice a month

13 Alcohol

14 Drinking once or twice a month

15 Marijuana According to our own students: Where does Jenkins stand?

16 Last 12 months First Use Marijuana

17 Last 12 months First Use Marijuana 2006

18 Used Marijuana in the 30 days Used Marijuana in the 30 days

19 According to the 2003 KIP Survey: Cocaine/Crack According to our own students: Where does Jenkins stand?

20 Last 12 months Lifetime use Cocaine/Crack Last 30 Days

21 Last 12 months Lifetime use Cocaine/Crack Last 30 Days

22 According to the 2003 KIP Survey: Inhalants According to our own students: Where does Jenkins stand?

23 Lifetime Use Last 12 months Last 30 Days Inhalants 2003

24 Lifetime Use Last 12 months Last 30 Days Inhalants 2006

25 According to the 2003 KIP Survey: Uppers According to our own students: Where does Jenkins stand?

26 Lifetime Use Last 12 months Last 30 Days Uppers

27 Lifetime Use Last 12 months Last 30 Days Uppers

28 According to the 2003 KIP Survey: Narcotics According to our own students: Where does Jenkins stand?

29 Lifetime Use Last 12 months Last 30 Days Narcotics

30 Lifetime Use Last 12 months Last 30 Days Narcotics

31 According to the 2003 KIP Survey: OXYCONTIN According to our own students: Where does Jenkins stand?

32 Lifetime Use Last 12 months Last 30 Days Oxycontin

33 Lifetime Use Last 12 months Last 30 Days Oxycontin

34 Based on the 2003 KIP survey: What do our kids say about drug problems at our school?

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38 Based on the 2003 KIP survey: What do our Kids say about drugs being sold at school?

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41 12 th Grade Problems at the School 2006 KIP Data yesYESTotal Tobacco Use44%41%85% Drug Use18%15%33% Fear of Being Robbed20%11%31% Fear of Attack17%11%28% Verbal Threats20%6%26% Fear of Theft23%0%23% Selling Drugs15%6%21% Sexual Assault9%11%20% Other Weapons9%3%12% Things School3% 6% Carrying Guns3%0%3%

42 10 th Grade Problems at the School 2006 KIP Data yesYESTotal Tobacco Use22%55%77% Drug Use39%16%55% Verbal Threats19%5%24% Fear of Being Robbed12%11%23% Fear of Attack18%5%23% Fear of Theft16%5%21% Selling Drugs16%5%21% Sexual Assault7%12%19% Things School16%3%19% Other Weapons8%0%8% Carrying Guns2%0%2%

43 yesYESTotal Other Weapons42%25%67% Tobacco Use22%33%55% Drug Use31%17%48% Sexual Assault19%28%47% Fear of Being Robbed17%25%42% Fear of Attack17%25%42% Fear of Theft28%14%42% Verbal Threats28%8%36% Carrying Guns14%11%25% Selling Drugs15%6%21% Things School14%6%20% 8th Grade Problems at the School 2006 KIP Data

44 6th Grade Problems at the School 2006 KIP Data yesYESTotal Fear of Being Robbed23%54%77% Fear of Attack20%52%72% Sexual Assault7%59%66% Things School43%13%56% Fear of Theft28%8%36% Tobacco Use16%4%20% Verbal Threats9% 18% Selling Drugs8% 16% Other Weapons8% 16% Carrying Guns4%12%16% Drug Use8% 16%

45 What does our Discipline Records Show? Safe Schools Report revealed that JISD had Three incidents involving five people and Four expulsions due to drug related offenses…Fifth student withdrew to an out-of- state school pending expulsion hearing : JISD has had One incident and One expulsion due to drug related offenses.

46 What are our options for addressing drug use, possession, distribution, and/or sale? Zero Tolerance

47 Continued Findings/Conclusions Intent of drug testing is not to punish students who use drugs but to prevent drug dependence and help students become drug free Test results should remain confidential and not be used as a law enforcement tool Drug testing is an effective tool in preventing student drug use as part of a comprehensive prevention program Drug testing is an excellent instrument for identifying students abusing drugs so they can be referred to treatment to receive the help they need

48 How many districts have a drug testing policy?

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50 Current JIS District Policies

51 Sample Policies Jackson Co. Knott Co. Webster Co. Letcher Co. Floyd Co.Leslie Co.

52 Why Drug Testing? Bottom Line, Our students are at risk of having life-long repercussions from drug use…… A key factor to remember is that the drug testing policy is a preventive intervention to identify students and staff members who are abusing drugs. It is not to be used for a reason for punishment. A positive drug test is different than possession, use and/or sale of drugs by a student or staff member. The policies and procedures for these actions are punitive.

53 Drug Testing Policies & Procedures School Drug Testing Policies are not meant to be punitive in nature… School Drug Testing Policies are a Preventive Measure… Enables a student to say, “I can’t use drugs – I might be tested” The adult is given a reason to get “help”

54 Why Do We Need Drug Testing Policies and Procedures? We believe that children learn by example. They adopt the values we demonstrate through our actions. Parents and Teachers are the most important role models in the lives of a child. What we say and what we do about drug use matters as children make important choices. School Personnel must be role models!

55 Why Do We Need Drug Testing Policies for School Personnel? They could be a danger to self and others because of slower reflexes and lack of coordination. Depression – not effective in the job. May take risks and needless chances (bus safety, sexual molestation of students, etc) May be the only role model in the life of the child. They are in a position of “trust”

56 Educate Adults and Students We will educate adults and students on the Drug Testing Policies implemented by the Jenkins Independent Board of Education. We will educate adults and students to recognize the signs and symptoms of drug use. We will educate on what to “look for” in the community.

57 WE Can ---and MUST Make a Difference in the Lives of Our Youth! They are the future….


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