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MEASURING 109 IN FRESNO COUNTY Chief Linda Penner Barbara Owen Yoshiko Takahashi John Owen Emma Hughes.

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Presentation on theme: "MEASURING 109 IN FRESNO COUNTY Chief Linda Penner Barbara Owen Yoshiko Takahashi John Owen Emma Hughes."— Presentation transcript:

1 MEASURING 109 IN FRESNO COUNTY Chief Linda Penner Barbara Owen Yoshiko Takahashi John Owen Emma Hughes

2 Consequences of AB-109 This law shifted responsibility for specific categories of low-level convicted felons from the behemoth California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) to the 58 individual counties. Funding was provided for custody and programs, but not research at the state-wide level. Fresno County stepped up and obligated money to Owen Research & Evaluation to “track and map” the process & outcomes.

3 Our approach: Hopes & Realities Originally hoped to relay on automated data systems Useful data systems: Adult Probation System Jail data system Courts District Attorney Behavioral Health

4 Challenges Lack of unique identifiers Myth of “Share-net” Varying degrees of utility and available support within each system

5 Original Plan Stakeholder interviews: What do you want to know? Design of variable lists (thanx Susan Turner at UCI) Vetted through CCP Development of Research & Evaluation Committee Planning for Monthly Report Summer interviews to review utility

6 Fresno County AB 109 Six-Month Summary Report October 1, 2011–March 31, 2012 April 27, 2012 Complied from County Sources by Owen Research & Evaluation

7 Fresno County AB 109 Cases 1,525 AB 109 offender cases were recorded in Fresno County Probation Database PRCS: 998 (166 per month) CJOs: 373 (62 per month) Split: 154 (26 per month) Comparison Between the CDCR Projection and the Actual Caseload (PRCS) Monthly Caseload by Category (N = 1,525)

8 PRCS Offenders Offender Characteristics CategoryNumber (%) Male Female 901 (90%) 97 (10%) African American Caucasian Hispanic 168 (17%) 220 (22%) 547 (55%) Age at Release from Prison Ave Median 32.5 Top Six Residential Zip Code Top Five CDCR Sentences – HS 11377(a): Possession of Drugs – VC 10851(a): Auto Theft – PC 666: Prior Conviction of Theft – PC 459/460(b): Burglary – HS 11350(a): Controlled Substance Possession

9 PRCS Problems 187 (19%) of the PRCS offenders were issued warrants. – More than half for “out of contact” 28 (3%) of the PRCS offenders received “Flash Incarceration.” – Almost all of them were designated as “high risk” offenders.

10 County Jail Offender Characteristics Offender Characteristics CategoryNumber (%) Male Female 283 (76%) 90 (24%) African American Caucasian Hispanic 42 (11%) 102 (27%) 205 (55%) Age at SentencingAverage 32.9 Median 31.0 Jail TimeAverage 21 months Median 16 months Top Five Offense Codes – HS 11377(a): Possession of Drugs – PC 459/460(b): Burglary – VC 10851(a): Auto Theft – PC 496(a): Receiving Stolen Property – VC 23152(b): DUI

11 Split-Sentence Offender Characteristics Offender Characteristics CategoryNumber (%) Male Female 118 (77%) 36 (23%) African American Caucasian Hispanic 24 (15%) 41 (27%) 74 (48%) Age at SentencingAve Median 32.0 Average Jail Time Average Length of Jail and MSR 15 months 22 months Top Five Offense Codes – PC 459/460(b): Burglary – HS 11377(a): Possession of Drugs – VC 10851(a): Auto Theft – PC 496(a): Receiving Stolen Property – HS 11350(a): Controlled Substance Possession

12 Program Referral/Violations Program Referral 1,503 referrals were made for 562 offenders. MSR & PRCS Violations 5 (3%) of the Split-Sentence offenders had violated their MSR conditions. 78 (8%) of the PRCS offenders had petition of revocation hearings.

13 PRCS Offenders Offender Characteristics CategoryNumber (%) Male Female 901 (90%) 97 (10%) African American Caucasian Hispanic 168 (17%) 220 (22%) 547 (55%) Age at Release from Prison Ave Median 32.5 Top Six Residential Zip Code Top Five CDCR Sentences HS 11377(a): Possession of Drugs VC 10851(a): Auto Theft PC 666: Prior Conviction of Theft PC 459/460(b): Burglary HS 11350(a): Controlled Substance Possession

14 PRCS Problems 187 (19%) of the PRCS offenders were issued warrants. More than half for “out of contact” 28 (3%) of the PRCS offenders received “Flash Incarceration.” Almost all of them were designated as “high risk” offenders.

15 County Jail Offender Characteristics Offender Characteristics CategoryNumber (%) Male Female 283 (76%) 90 (24%) African American Caucasian Hispanic 42 (11%) 102 (27%) 205 (55%) Age at Sentencing Average 32.9 Median 31.0 Jail TimeAverage 21 months Median 16 months Top Five Offense Codes HS 11377(a): Possession of Drugs PC 459/460(b): Burglary VC 10851(a): Auto Theft PC 496(a): Receiving Stolen Property VC 23152(b): DUI

16 Split-Sentence Offender Characteristics Offender Characteristics CategoryNumber (%) Male Female 118 (77%) 36 (23%) African American Caucasian Hispanic 24 (15%) 41 (27%) 74 (48%) Age at Sentencing Ave Median 32.0 Average Jail Time Average Length of Jail and MSR 15 months 22 months Top Five Offense Codes PC 459/460(b): Burglary HS 11377(a): Possession of Drugs VC 10851(a): Auto Theft PC 496(a): Receiving Stolen Property HS 11350(a): Controlled Substance Possession

17 Program Referral/Violations Program Referral 1,503 referrals were made for 562 offenders. MSR & PRCS Violations 5 (3%) of the Split-Sentence offenders had violated their MSR conditions. 78 (8%) of the PRCS offenders had petition of revocation hearings.

18 AB MONTH OUTCOMES Owen Research & Evaluation Sept. 28, 2012

19 Overview 11-month data: October 2011 through August 2012 Outcomes from the Fresno County Adult Probation System 1,488 individuals were on Post-Release Community Supervision (PRCS) 586 Individuals received Local Prison Only (LPO) 277 Individuals received Mandatory Supervised Release (MSR)

20 1. Referrals by Month Referrals by Month OctNovDecJanFebMarAprMayJu n JulAugTotal Total Number of Referrals ,51 6 Probation County Behav. Health Job Placement Turning Point Day Reporting Center Universal Health Network Comprehensive Counseling Note: Only those programs receiving 10 or more referrals in any one month are listed.

21 2. Sanctions for the PRCS Population April through August 2012 Most Common ReasonsAction Taken  31% Verbal counseling  29% VOP hearing/bench warrant  12% Increased testing  12% Flash incarceration  8% of all referrals related to sanctions were for substance abuse treatment Substance Abuse 38% Substance Abuse 38% Failure to Report 28%

22 3. Flash Incarceration October 2011 through August 2012 PRCS Offenders (N = 1,488) 11% (166 individuals) of all PRCS offenders received flash incarceration 37 individuals out of 1,488 PRCS offenders received more than one flash incarceration. Most Common Reasons Substance Abuse 29% Substance Abuse 29% Failure to Report 23% New Charges 17% Other Reason s 31%

23 4. Warrants Almost one third of all PRCS individuals had warrants issued over this 11-month period. “Out of Contact” was stated as a reason in two thirds of the cases. The average time from entry into PRCS to warrant was 85 days.

24 5. New Sentences under 1170(h): Local Prison Only (LPO) & Mandatory Supervised Release (MSR) LPO (N = 586)MSR (N = 277) Drugs 38% 21 Months in Jail on Average 16 Months in Jail on Average 14 Months on Post-Release Supervision

25 6. Act Activities April through August 2012 Number of Contacts Made by the ACT (N = 962) Common Reasons for Service Attempted Contact 33% Complianc e 17% Residence Verification 14% Other Reason s 23% Warrants 6 %

26 6. Terminations for the PRCS May through August 2012 (N = 141)

27 Kevin’s beautiful Dashboard

28 Chief Probation Officer Dashboard: Collects county-level data from probation departments and reports at

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33 What we have learned…. Planning extensive annual report: stress offender outcomes and behaviors associated with them More hands on involvement with research committee with quarterly reports Developing more relationships with data partners

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