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The UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme Transnational Organized Crime.

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Presentation on theme: "The UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme Transnational Organized Crime."— Presentation transcript:

1 The UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme Transnational Organized Crime

2 Criminal Markets Illicit trafficking  Trafficking in Stolen Vehicles, global more than records of reported stolen motor vehicles.  Tobacco Smuggling  Illicit Firearms Trafficking  Illegal trafficking in flora and fauna and waste Crimes against persons  Irregular migrants  Trafficking in Human Beings (THB)  Exploitation of children

3 Drugs and precursors  Cocaine  Heroin  Synthetic Drugs  Cannabis  Pharmaceuticals, classified as drugs  Drug precursors Financial Crime and other crimes against property  Money Laundering  Swindling and Fraud  Counterfeiting and Forgery  Organised Robberies, Burglaries and Theft  Theft of cultural goods Interpol estimates that art theft is the fourth largest criminal activity after drugs, money laundering and illegal arms trading. Only 5 % of stolen arts recovered.

4 TOC  Traditional forms of TOC  Heroine and cocaine trafficking  Extortion  Human trafficking  Migrant smuggling  Firearms trafficking  Money laundering  (Re-)emerging forms of TOC  Trafficking in fraudulent medicine  Natural resource trafficking Global environmental crime, worth up to USD 213 billion each year according to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and INTERPOL. (report June 2014)  Counterfeit goods trafficking  Cultural property trafficking  Piracy  Cybercrime ( computer hacking, computer fraud or forgery (identity theft)  New players

5 TOC: Global Selected Transnational Organized Crime Flows Most TOC flows begin on one continent and end on another, often by means of a third, so only interventions at the scale of the problem – global – are likely to have a sustained effect. - The Globalization of Crime, UNODC 2010

6 Heroin destinations Opiates

7 Main global cocaine flows Cocaine

8 Main global methamphetamine flows Methamphetamine

9 Responding to TOC  An effective response must be  Global, integrated and coordinated  Strategic: including policy and operations in combating TOC  Comprehensive: Addressing all aspects of the “value chain” UNTOC’s contribution:  Facilitation of regional and international cooperation  Facilitation of legitimate trade, coordination and communication between actors  Offer tools that are flexible, practical and effective

10 UNODC Objectives  To assist the UN in issues of:  illicit trafficking in and abuse of drugs;  crime prevention and criminal justice;  international terrorism;  corruption.

11  The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs, transnational organized crime, terrorism and corruption, and is the guardian of most of the related conventions, particularly:  The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its three protocols (against trafficking in persons, smuggling of migrants and trafficking in firearms);  The United Nations Convention against Corruption;  The international drug control conventions.

12 The three pillars of UNODC’s work are:  Research and analytical work;  Normative work; and  Field-based technical cooperation projects.

13 Success story of the UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme (CCP) expanded to 9 geographical regions. 20 countries have fully operational Port Control Units ( 50 Ports participate ). In 30 countries, the Programme is engaging with relevant authorities to establish Port Control Units and deliver tailor-made training. In 2013, 56 training workshops, study tours and mentorships took place. 553 Enforcement officials from different Enforcement Agencies were trained. Results of the programme in 2013: kg cocaine, 6422 kg cannabis,1277 kg heroin, 60,883 kg tramadol and 725 kg ivory. Large quantities of counterfeit goods (119 containers detained), medicines, cigarettes, stolen cars and e-waste were also seized in There was a significant increase in seized illicit goods in 2013 compared to the year 2012.

14 20 operational countries BeninGhana Senegal # Togo AlbaniaGeorgiaMontenegro Pakistan # Afghanistan # ArmeniaAzerbaijan Bosnia Herzegovina KazakhstanMoldovaTajikistanTurkmenistanUkraine Uzbekistan # Cape Verde Egypt # IraqMoroccoOmanYemen ArgentinaBrazilChile Bangladesh India # IndonesiaMalaysiaNepalPhilippines Thailand # Vietnam Regional structure - Staff # Kenya # TanzaniaUganda Maldives Sri Lanka 30 funded countries

15 2015: 750 mill. container throughput The Challenge

16  Establishment of Container Profiling Units to identify high- risk containers;  Risk management based controls;  Enhanced Partnership with the Private Sector to facilitate legal trade. Less than 2% inspected UNODC-WCO CCP Objectives

17 Participating Enforcement Agencies in the Joint Port Control Unit  Customs  Ministry of Transport (Port Authority)  Police  National Security Agencies  Other Enforcement Agencies

18  Formal Agreements between Government and UNODC;  Technical Needs Assessments;  Inter-agency agreements;  WCO ContainerCOMM – global secure information sharing. Sustainability Elements

19 Available in several languages WCO ContainerCOMM Three types of messages:  Warning;  Feedback;  Seizure.

20 Training Elements

21  Advanced information from cargo manifests/ Bill of Lading (pre-arrival, pre-departure phase);  Entry including transhipments and export.  Customs declarations  Proactive use of electronic Cargo Data Systems;  Effective use of WCO tools and open sources;  Active cooperation with the private sector. Risk management based profiling techniques Risk Analysis (targeting)– Commercial Cargo Documents

22 Cocaine: kg seized Cannabis: 55 metric tons Precursor Chemicals: 1240 metric tons Heroin: 2550 kg seized Some facts since start of the CCP Programme to date

23 Counterfeit goods: In total More than 300 containers detained by the Port Control Units

24 Protected Timber/ Ivory seizures CITES, cigarettes and alcohol.

25  Global expansion of WCO ContainerCOMM to ports outside the CCP to enhance port-to-port communication;  Intensified use of WCO Regional Training Centers, and WCO tools such as the WCO Cargo targeting System  Expanding the programme to the Air cargo sector ( in preparation);  Expanding CCP in Asia, East and North Africa;  Facilitation/accreditation of trainers;  Private sector cooperation;  Anti - Corruption – Human Rights;  Connecting prosecutors – Latin America and Europe;  Basic evidence handling; Future Strategy

26 For further information: Nicole Maric Crime Prevention Expert Tel: THANK YOU For further information concerning the UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme: Norbert Steilen WCO Programme manager CCP

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