Presentation on theme: "The UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme Transnational Organized Crime."— Presentation transcript:
The UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme Transnational Organized Crime
Criminal Markets Illicit trafficking Trafficking in Stolen Vehicles, global more than records of reported stolen motor vehicles. Tobacco Smuggling Illicit Firearms Trafficking Illegal trafficking in flora and fauna and waste Crimes against persons Irregular migrants Trafficking in Human Beings (THB) Exploitation of children
Drugs and precursors Cocaine Heroin Synthetic Drugs Cannabis Pharmaceuticals, classified as drugs Drug precursors Financial Crime and other crimes against property Money Laundering Swindling and Fraud Counterfeiting and Forgery Organised Robberies, Burglaries and Theft Theft of cultural goods Interpol estimates that art theft is the fourth largest criminal activity after drugs, money laundering and illegal arms trading. Only 5 % of stolen arts recovered.
TOC Traditional forms of TOC Heroine and cocaine trafficking Extortion Human trafficking Migrant smuggling Firearms trafficking Money laundering (Re-)emerging forms of TOC Trafficking in fraudulent medicine Natural resource trafficking Global environmental crime, worth up to USD 213 billion each year according to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and INTERPOL. (report June 2014) Counterfeit goods trafficking Cultural property trafficking Piracy Cybercrime ( computer hacking, computer fraud or forgery (identity theft) New players
TOC: Global Selected Transnational Organized Crime Flows Most TOC flows begin on one continent and end on another, often by means of a third, so only interventions at the scale of the problem – global – are likely to have a sustained effect. - The Globalization of Crime, UNODC 2010
Heroin destinations Opiates
Main global cocaine flows Cocaine
Main global methamphetamine flows Methamphetamine
Responding to TOC An effective response must be Global, integrated and coordinated Strategic: including policy and operations in combating TOC Comprehensive: Addressing all aspects of the “value chain” UNTOC’s contribution: Facilitation of regional and international cooperation Facilitation of legitimate trade, coordination and communication between actors Offer tools that are flexible, practical and effective
UNODC Objectives To assist the UN in issues of: illicit trafficking in and abuse of drugs; crime prevention and criminal justice; international terrorism; corruption.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs, transnational organized crime, terrorism and corruption, and is the guardian of most of the related conventions, particularly: The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its three protocols (against trafficking in persons, smuggling of migrants and trafficking in firearms); The United Nations Convention against Corruption; The international drug control conventions.
The three pillars of UNODC’s work are: Research and analytical work; Normative work; and Field-based technical cooperation projects.
Success story of the UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme (CCP) expanded to 9 geographical regions. 20 countries have fully operational Port Control Units ( 50 Ports participate ). In 30 countries, the Programme is engaging with relevant authorities to establish Port Control Units and deliver tailor-made training. In 2013, 56 training workshops, study tours and mentorships took place. 553 Enforcement officials from different Enforcement Agencies were trained. Results of the programme in 2013: kg cocaine, 6422 kg cannabis,1277 kg heroin, 60,883 kg tramadol and 725 kg ivory. Large quantities of counterfeit goods (119 containers detained), medicines, cigarettes, stolen cars and e-waste were also seized in There was a significant increase in seized illicit goods in 2013 compared to the year 2012.
20 operational countries BeninGhana Senegal # Togo AlbaniaGeorgiaMontenegro Pakistan # Afghanistan # ArmeniaAzerbaijan Bosnia Herzegovina KazakhstanMoldovaTajikistanTurkmenistanUkraine Uzbekistan # Cape Verde Egypt # IraqMoroccoOmanYemen ArgentinaBrazilChile Bangladesh India # IndonesiaMalaysiaNepalPhilippines Thailand # Vietnam Regional structure - Staff # Kenya # TanzaniaUganda Maldives Sri Lanka 30 funded countries
2015: 750 mill. container throughput The Challenge
Establishment of Container Profiling Units to identify high- risk containers; Risk management based controls; Enhanced Partnership with the Private Sector to facilitate legal trade. Less than 2% inspected UNODC-WCO CCP Objectives
Participating Enforcement Agencies in the Joint Port Control Unit Customs Ministry of Transport (Port Authority) Police National Security Agencies Other Enforcement Agencies
Formal Agreements between Government and UNODC; Technical Needs Assessments; Inter-agency agreements; WCO ContainerCOMM – global secure information sharing. Sustainability Elements
Available in several languages WCO ContainerCOMM Three types of messages: Warning; Feedback; Seizure.
Advanced information from cargo manifests/ Bill of Lading (pre-arrival, pre-departure phase); Entry including transhipments and export. Customs declarations Proactive use of electronic Cargo Data Systems; Effective use of WCO tools and open sources; Active cooperation with the private sector. Risk management based profiling techniques Risk Analysis (targeting)– Commercial Cargo Documents
Cocaine: kg seized Cannabis: 55 metric tons Precursor Chemicals: 1240 metric tons Heroin: 2550 kg seized Some facts since start of the CCP Programme to date
Counterfeit goods: In total More than 300 containers detained by the Port Control Units
Protected Timber/ Ivory seizures CITES, cigarettes and alcohol.
Global expansion of WCO ContainerCOMM to ports outside the CCP to enhance port-to-port communication; Intensified use of WCO Regional Training Centers, and WCO tools such as the WCO Cargo targeting System Expanding the programme to the Air cargo sector ( in preparation); Expanding CCP in Asia, East and North Africa; Facilitation/accreditation of trainers; Private sector cooperation; Anti - Corruption – Human Rights; Connecting prosecutors – Latin America and Europe; Basic evidence handling; Future Strategy
For further information: Nicole Maric Crime Prevention Expert Tel: THANK YOU For further information concerning the UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme: Norbert Steilen WCO Programme manager CCP