Presentation on theme: "Legendary Treasures. Treasure of the Pharaohs Vast treasure found in the tomb of a relatively insignificant pharaoh, King Tutankhamen There should be."— Presentation transcript:
Treasure of the Pharaohs Vast treasure found in the tomb of a relatively insignificant pharaoh, King Tutankhamen There should be so much more in the tombs of the great pharaohs! Relocation of the tombs by Herihor His tomb has yet to be found
Copper Scroll Treasure The copper scroll is one of the Dead Sea scrolls, known for its unique writing style. A list of 63 locations containing gold and silver treasure Value is estimated at $1.2 billion It may be the treasure of the Jewish temple, hidden from the Romans, or it may have belonged to a particular Jewish community. The copper scroll describes another scroll, the key scroll, which contains the complete details on the locations of the treasure. But this scroll has yet to be found…
The Ark of the Covenant Referenced in Hebrew scripture Disappeared after the Babylonian invasion of Jerusalem Several churches from different traditions claim to have the ark in their possession. Others believe that it was hidden or destroyed. Possible locations: –Middle East –Eastern Africa –Europe –United States
The Lost City of Atlantis The legend comes from the writings of Plato. Atlantis supposedly sank into the sea in “a single day and night of misfortune.” Many view the story as nothing more than a fable or myth. Some modern scientists believe that Atlantis is real. The most prominent theories place Atlantis somewhere in the Mediterranean, or in Europe and the Atlantic Ocean.
Treasure of Alaric Alaric was king of the Visigoths during the 4 th century. He is most famous for his sack of Rome in 410, which contributed to the fall of the Roman empire. After his death, he was buried under a riverbed in southern Italy, along with his vast wealth of treasure. No one knows, to this day, exactly where he is buried.
Kusanagi A legendary sword of Japanese mythology May have been removed from the imperial palace, stolen, or lost at sea Last seen in 1993 Said to be housed at the Atsuta Shrine, but its existence cannot be confirmed
Genghis Khan’s Treasure Modern archeologists have found what they believe to be Khara Khorum - the Palace of the Great Khan, capitol of the Mongol empire - buried in the Mongolian desert.
Holy Grail A religious relic Several literary references Supposed to be the cup used by Jesus during the Last Supper, though others interpret it to have a metaphorical meaning King Arthur’s quest Various churches claim to be in possession of the Holy Grail.
Knights Templar Treasure A Christian military organization, sponsored by the Catholic Church from Supposed to have hidden a great treasure, to keep it from falling into the wrong hands Various organizations have tried to claim links to the original Knights Templar. Often associated with religious relics, including the Holy Grail Possible locations: –The Holy Land –Somewhere in Europe –Northeastern United States –Nova Scotia
King John’s Crown Jewels Missing when the king was buried in 1216 Various theories as to what happened: –Legend has it that the baggage train carrying King John’s treasures was lost in the Wash, while the king himself barely escaped. –If that is the case, the jewels may have already been discovered. –King John may have sold the crown jewels to pay off his debts. –Or they may have been stolen…
El Dorado The legendary lost city of gold Attracted Spanish conquistadores and other explorers during the 16 th century Modern explorers exhibit renewed interest Somewhere in Central or South America May be worth $10 billion!
El Dorado Shipwreck In 1502, a fleet of 32 Spanish ships were caught in a storm in the Mona Passage. Twenty-seven ships were lost, among them the flagship El Dorado, which is believed to contain a great treasure of gold and pearls. Since that time, much has been recovered from these shipwrecks, but there was no sign of El Dorado’s treasure. If these accounts are true, then two to three million dollars worth of gold and pearls still lies buried in the depths of the Mona Passage.
Montezuma’s Gold Treasure of ancient Aztec civilization Emperor Montezuma captured by the infamous conquistador Hernan Cortes Aztec people revolt, driving the Spaniards out The Spanish re-take the city, but the treasure is nowhere to be found. Possible locations: –Lake Tezcuco near Tenochtitlán (present-day Mexico City) –Casa Grande ruins or elsewhere in Arizona –The Grand Canyon near what is now Hoover Dam –White Mountain in Kanab, Utah –The Lost Dutchman’s Gold Mine –Guatemala
Flor De La Mar A large Portuguese frigate Carrying 60 tons of gold and 200 chests filled with precious gems Sunk off the coast of Sumatra in 1511 The ship has yet to be found. An American treasure hunter, Robert Marx, says “It's the richest vessel ever lost at sea.” He is said to have spent $20 million attempting to recover the treasure.
Treasure of Sir Francis Drake An English privateer famous for circumnavigating the globe He also raided Spanish ships in the Caribbean. In 1573, Drake and his crew attacked a richly laden mule train and captured more treasure than they could carry. They may have buried the bulk of the treasure near the town of Nombre de Dios in Panama. Today, it is worth hundreds of millions of dollars.
SantissimaConception Santissima Conception AKA “El Grande” Sailing from Central America to Spain, bearing gold, silver, emeralds, pearls, and other goods Shipwrecked off the Florida coast in 1683 Its treasure has yet to be found.
The Ship in the Desert Legend tells of an ancient ship buried in the California desert Possibly a Spanish galleon, containing a fortune in pearls The disappearance of Charley Clusker Challenges: –The whole region is covered in sand. –Most of the area is currently submerged under highly polluted water. –Much of the adjacent land is under military control and is used as a bombing range.
Salton Sea Gulf of California Colorado River
French Gold in Minerva, Ohio In the 1760’s, French officials buried a ton of gold outside of Pittsburgh to prevent it from being taken by the British forces. The value of the treasure would be worth over $38 million today. Over the years, many have tried to locate the treasure, but it has yet to be found.
Captain Kidd’s Treasure The only pirate known to have actually buried treasure Treasure hunts take place among the islands off New York, Connecticut, and Nova Scotia. Quedagh Merchant found in 2007 in shallow waters off the Dominican Republic
Blackbeard’s Treasure NOT!
Oak Island Money Pit A small island in Nova Scotia Over 200 years of treasure hunting history First discovered in 1795, by 18-year-old Daniel McGinnis Now owned by Oak Island Tours Inc. There has been wide-ranging speculation among enthusiasts as to who originally dug the pit and what it might contain. Some of the prominent theories are: –Captain Kidd’s treasure –Naval treasure –Knights Templar treasure It could be a natural sinkhole that holds no treasure at all.
San Miguel Part of a Spanish treasure fleet that sank after leaving Cuba in 1715 The San Miguel was a small, fast ship. It may have been carrying a large portion of the treasure. It is thought to have separated from the other ships before the storm hit. The ship and its treasure have yet to be found.
Orval Abbey Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette may have had one of their faithful servants hide their treasures at Orval Abbey in Belgium during the French Revolution. Orval Abbey is also linked to legends of the Knights Templar treasure. The Belgian government has denied permission for an archaeological excavation of the site.
The Beale Ciphers Three cipher texts, one of which describes the location of a buried treasure of gold, silver and jewels Now estimated to be worth over $63 million The treasure was buried by Thomas Jefferson Beale in Bedford County, Virginia, in Beale entrusted the cipher texts to a local innkeeper named Robert Morriss. Moriss gave the cipher texts to a friend before he died. The three cipher texts were published in a pamphlet in Since then, a number of attempts have been made to decode the two remaining cipher texts and to locate the treasure, but none have succeeded.
The San Saba Treasure Located at the Alamo in San Antonio, Texas The site of one of the most famous battles in American history, during the Texas Revolution of 1836 Millions of dollars worth of gold and silver treasure were brought to finance the war effort. Thought to be buried under the historic well at the Alamo site Historical researcher and fortune hunter Frank Buschbacher is currently excavating the area. Several artifacts have been found, but so far there is no sign of any gold or silver treasure.
Treasure of Lima Stolen by Captain William Thompson, after he was entrusted to transport it from Peru to Mexico in 1820 Treasure includes 113 gold statues (including a life-size Virgin Mary), 1,000 diamonds, 200 chests of jewels, swords with jeweled hilts, solid gold crowns, chalices, and hundreds of gold and silver bars Valued at around $260 million today He is said to have stashed his plunder on Cocos Island, an uninhabited island off the coast of Costa Rica. This story may have been the inspiration for Robert Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island.
Benito Bonito’s Treasure Benito “Bloody Sword” Bonito was a legendary pirate. According to legend, he may have buried treasure on Cocos Island or hidden it in a cave near Queensland in Victoria, Australia. The treasure is valued at over $300 million today.
The Treasure of Gasparilla Gasparilla was a legendary pirate. He set up his headquarters on Gasparilla Island, on the west coast of Florida, where he amassed a great treasure worth $30 million. The legend started with Juan Gómez, who claimed to be a member of Gasparilla’s crew. A local hotel and railroad line used the story in its advertising brochure in 1900, making the island a popular tourist destination. Gasparilla’s treasure has never been found. Tall tale or true story?
Singer’s Treasure John Singer and his family settled on Padre Island after being shipwrecked there in There, they found a wooden chest, containing a fortune in gold coins and jewelry from lost Spanish galleons. They buried the $60,000-80,000 worth of treasure in a place they called “money hill.” During the Civil War, Singer sided with the Union and, fearing the Confederates, he and his family left the island for the mainland, where they felt it would be safer. After the War, Singer came back for his treasure but storms had changed the Island so much that he was never able to find it. To this day, treasure hunters still comb Padre Island, looking for Singer’s buried treasure.
Padre Island Treasure May be the treasure of famous pirate Jean Lafitte Over $500,000 worth of treasure “Enough to ransom a nation”
Confederate Gold Hidden cache of gold lost after the American Civil War Probably worth about $500,000 Still unaccounted for… –The money may have been spent or distributed among Confederate officers. –It may have been stolen, or it could still be hidden somewhere in the South.
Tokugawa Treasure Shoguns of the Tokugawa family ruled Japan for 264 years, from 1603 until When the balance of power shifted and the imperialist armies marched against him, the Shogun decided to hide his family’s wealth in Mt. Akagi. Descendants of the Tokugawa family search for the treasure today. The wealth – on the order of hundreds of millions of dollars – belongs to the people of Japan.
Tuamoto Treasure Originally from the church in Pisco, Peru Treasure consists of 14 tons of gold, gems, and other valuable items, estimated at $1.8 million Stolen by a group of four Australian mercenaries in 1859 Buried it in the Tuamotu Atolls in the South Pacific 1913 Charles Howe’s expedition 1932 George Hamilton takes over Supposedly, the gold can be found in a pear-shaped pool somewhere in the Tuamotu Atolls, presumably right where Howe left it.
Pitt Lake Gold The story begins in Evolution of the legend –Natives found the gold first. –Later, white settlers discovered it. –Each person who found the gold became ill and died shortly thereafter, but not before passing on information about the treasure’s location. –Interviewer Jack Mahony contributed to the growth of the legend. Many people died, searching for the treasure. The area is unlikely to hold great wealth in placer deposits, as the legend claims. Nevertheless, people continue to search for the lost gold mine of Pitt Lake.
TheLost Adams Diggings The Lost Adams Diggings The legend dates back to the 1860’s A canyon rich in gold, somewhere in western New Mexico or in eastern Arizona
The Lost Dutchman Mine The legend dates back to Evolution of the story –Dr. Thorne & the Apache gold –The real Jacob Waltz –The soldiers’ lost mine Thought to be in the Superstition Mountains of Arizona, or elsewhere in the Southwest
The Treasure of the Far West A lost shipment of gold buried near the Little Bighorn battle site In 1876, Captain Grant Marsh was in command of a steamboat named the Far West. He was to follow the Bighorn River to the Little Bighorn, where he would then rendezvous with General Alfred H. Terry and resupply his troops. When news of Custer’s defeat reached Captain Marsh, he was told instead that he would be taking the wounded men back to Bismarck. The Far West was carrying gold at the time. It is unclear where the gold came from, but it was buried onshore, either to hide it from hostile natives, or to make room for more firewood to fuel the steamship on its return journey. Marsh returned to search for the gold, but was unsuccessful. Two possible sites where the treasure was buried: –½ mile from the Yellowstone River –15-20 miles from the mouth of the Little Bighorn
Fabergé Eggs Jeweled eggs created by Peter Carl Fabergé and his company from 1885 to 1917 The most famous are the Imperial eggs, made for the Russian Tsars Alexander III and Nicholas II. Sixty-five eggs are known to have been made, and 8 of them are missing. Of the eggs that are accounted for, most are in Russia (15 of them belonging to collector Viktor Vekselberg). Others are in museums in the United States. A few are in Switzerland and the UK. Finally, some are in private collections. Where are the lost eggs?
Kruger Millions South African president Paul Kruger took the gold from the bank and mines and hid it, in order to prevent it from being seized by the British during the Anglo-Boer war in Accounts vary as to the value of the treasure, but many believe it is the biggest undiscovered hoard of treasure in the world today, valued at $243 million. Supposedly, it is buried on a farm or hidden in a cave somewhere near the border of Machadodorp and Mozambique.
Barber Dimes Millions of coins were minted in Just over a dozen exist today. What happened to the rest? Supposedly, a large shipment was lost in the Black Canyon of Colorado. Worth over $3 million today
Irish Crown Jewels Stolen from Dublin Castle in 1907 Probably lost forever
Pancho Villa’s Treasure Pancho Villa was a leader during the Mexican Revolution, in the early 1900’s. 122 silver bars said to be buried with one of his men, at an unmarked grave site The majority of his treasure may have been hidden in a cave in Mexico, or perhaps just north of the border.
Lasseter’s Reef Discovered by Lewis Harold Bell Lasseter either in 1911 or in 1897 Lasseter claimed to have found "a vast gold bearing reef in Central Australia." 1930 expedition Lasseter’s companions question his sanity Lasseter’s death Is the treasure real? What do you think?
Dutch Schultz’s Safe A New York City mobster hid his $7 million fortune in a safe somewhere in upstate New York. Thought to be in the Catskill Mountains
Leon Trabuco’s Gold Leon Trabuco bought up Mexico’s gold reserves to resell in the US when the price went up. With the help of pilot Red Mosier, Trabuco and his men smuggled 16 tons of gold into the United States in 1933 and buried it near the Navajo Indian Reservation in New Mexico. The Gold Reserve Act of 1934 made the gold more valuable, but at the same time made the private ownership of gold illegal, so Trabuco could not sell the gold. Today, researcher Ed Foster believes he may have found the key to uncovering Trabuco’s treasure.
Victorio Peak A network of tunnels in southern New Mexico, discovered by Doc Noss in 1937 Said to contain gold, silver, and jewels worth $1.7 billion First attempt at excavation accidentally sealed off the entrance Then, the US Army took over. There may still be treasure hidden deep within the tunnels of Victorio Peak.
The Amber Room An exquisite room decorated with amber and gold leaf Part of Catherine Palace in Saint Petersburg, Russia Originally built in the 18 th century Looted by Nazis during WWII Brought to a city in eastern Germany Then it was lost… Reconstructed in 2003 What happened to the original Amber Room?
The Royal Casket A large wooden casket containing 73 precious relics that once belonged to the Polish royal family Looted by Nazi soldiers during WWII Probably gone forever
Nazi Plunder Treasure and artifacts looted during WWII Gold was melted down and made into bullion, then converted to currency. It disappeared into the European banking system –Swiss National Bank –The Vatican Counterfeit notes produced during Operation Bernhard were dumped into Lake Toplitz.
Nazi Plunder One financial ledger listed the contents of a single cache with a total value of $37,000,000,000. $92,000,000 worth of treasure looted from the Hungarian National Bank Both treasures are thought to be hidden somewhere in Austria. Another story tells of a hoard of treasure worth $72,000,000 hidden in a cave in Italy.
Lue Treasure Map Created by a Nazi loyalist in the United States Describes a cache containing 100 tons of gold bullion, intended to crash the US economy Possibly connected to the Knights Templar The Nazis tried to recover the treasure, but were unsuccessful. Later, the CIA and the FBI were also unsuccessful. The map was made public, but the treasure has yet to be found. It is thought to be in the southwestern United States, in Colorado or New Mexico.
Yamashita’s Gold Loot from Southeast Asia collected by the Japanese during WWII Named for General Tomoyuki Yamashita, “The Tiger of Malaya” Thought to be hidden in caves, tunnels and underground complexes in the Philippines Rogelio Rosas supposedly discovered the treasure in 1971, but the items he had collected were taken from him by the then president of the Philippines, Ferdinand Marcos, and his wife Imelda.
Awa Maru Shipwreck Japanese ocean liner used by the navy during WWII Sunk by a US submarine in 1945 Thought to have carried $5 billion in treasure In 1980, the Chinese government attempted to recover the treasure, but there was none to be found. Either the treasure was never on board the ship, or it had already been delivered to Singapore, on its way to Thailand.
Rennes-le-Château Parchments describing a ransom of 28,500,000 gold pieces, collected by the French crown The treasure was supposedly discovered by 19 th century priest Bérenger Saunière. Inspired writers from the 1950’s to modern times These stories generated public interest in the village, which has since become a major tourist attraction.
Lufthansa Heist A robbery that took place at JFK international airport in New York City in 1978 $6 million in cash and jewels stolen by Jimmy Burke and his gang The “bad guys” all died or went to jail. What happened to the loot?
Ivory CoastCrown Jewels Ivory Coast Crown Jewels Golden artifacts stolen from a museum during a political conflict in 2011 These treasures are an important part of the history of the Ivory Coast, valued at $6 million. The crime was reported to INTERPOL, so the items cannot be sold without being recognized. That means that they are in danger of being destroyed.
Fenn Treasure Created by collector Forest Fenn Lockbox full of treasure, containing gold nuggets, rare coins, jewelry and gemstones Value is estimated at $1 million or more Hidden in the Rocky Mountains north of Santa Fe He has written several books giving clues to his treasure. Many people have attempted to locate the treasure, and a few have become newsworthy. find-his-hidden-treasure-worth- millions-head-outdoors-1C
Planning Your Own Expedition Choose your treasure Estimate its value Target area for search List necessary equipment Calculate travel expenses Anticipate issues that may arise Prepare a funding proposal