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© Boardworks Ltd of 20© Boardworks Ltd of 20 Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Accompanying worksheet Flash activity. These activities are not editable. Web addressesExtension activities Icons key: For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation The Passive Voice Year 7 Sentence Starters
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 Contents © Boardworks Ltd of 20 Recognizing the passive voice Word order When to use the passive voice Writing in the passive voice Summary activities
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 The Passive Voice – Recognizing the passive voice © Boardworks Ltd of 20 Recognizing the passive voice
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 Do you know the difference between the active and the passive voice Lei? A writer’s voice No, I’m not sure. But I bet you don’t know either Max! Well you’re clearly not a passive person Lei! Why don’t we actively learn them together instead of arguing…
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 Here are some sentences in the passive voice: The sulphuric acid was poured into a beaker. The thief was seen by several witnesses. The cherry was placed on top of the cake. The Reverend Green was killed in the library, with a gun by Miss Plum. The passive voice Discuss why they are different to active (normal) sentences.
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 Click to see the active voice versions – what is different? The sulphuric acid was poured into a beaker. The thief was seen by several witnesses. Several witnesses saw the thief. The Reverend Green was killed in the library with a gun by Miss Plum. Miss Plum killed the Reverend Green in the library with a gun. Recognizing the passive voice I poured the sulphuric acid into a beaker.
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 The Passive Voice – Word order © Boardworks Ltd of 20 Word order
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 In the active voice we write: The object The trick to the active and passive voices is where the object lies in the sentence… 1. Subject 2. Verb 3. Object. For example: Romeo proposed to Juliet. In the passive voice the object is moved to the beginning: 1. Object 2. Verb 3. Subject. For example: Juliet was proposed to by Romeo. Or, the subject can be left out entirely in the passive voice: For example: Juliet was proposed to. What effect is created when the object is moved?
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 Identifying the different voices
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 The Passive Voice – When to use the passive voice © Boardworks Ltd of 20 When to use the passive voice
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 what happened is more important than who did it: So we use the passive voice when… The purpose of the passive voice The sulphuric acid was poured into a beaker. The action is vital, not who did it, so the subject is missing. the writer wants to create some suspense: The Reverend Green was killed in the library with a gun by Miss Plum. Readers want to know the name of the murderer, but using the passive voice makes them wait longer… Can you think of any other examples of when it is useful to write in the passive voice?
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 Knowing when to use each voice
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 The Passive Voice – Writing in the passive voice © Boardworks Ltd of 20 Writing in the passive voice
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 Rewrite these sentences in the passive voice: I broke the window. The window was broken. A man discovered stolen jewels whilst out walking his dog. The stolen jewels were discovered by a man out walking his dog. Ivor Brush painted the winning picture. The winning picture was painted by Ivor Brush. The police recovered the stolen car. The stolen car was recovered by the police. Writing in the passive voice Were your answers similar to these?
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 Use these prompts to write some sentences in the passive voice: ……..man…………………hunted……………police. Dave’s car…………stolen…………joy riders. The World Cup………won………………Italy. The entire pizza………….eaten…………that night. Completing sentences activity
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 Are these answers similar to yours? A man was being hunted by the police. Dave’s car was stolen by some joyriders. The World Cup was won by Italy. The entire pizza was eaten that night. Answers
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 The Passive Voice – Summary activities © Boardworks Ltd of 20 Summary activities
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 Test your knowledge
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 To write up a science experiment, it is best to use the passive voice, but Lei has written hers in the active voice. Can you rewrite her report using the passive voice? Purifying rock salts I ground the rock salt. I mixed it with water. Then I stirred it. I took a filter, folded it and put it in the funnel. Next I filtered the solution. Then I heated it. Finally, I left it to evaporate. Changing the voice activity
© Boardworks Ltd of 20 places the object at the start of the sentence often misses out the subject can be used when what has happened is more important than the subject used for creating suspense or mystery is often used when writing up factual reports e.g. science, news, police, legal, etc. So to sum it up, the passive voice… Summary
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