On Peter’s Visit to France 1717 “What he ate and drank at his two regular meals is inconceivable... a bottle or two of beer, as many more of wine, and, occasionaly, liquors afterward; at the end of the meal strong drinks, such as brandy, as much sometimes as a quart.”
1724: Role of Policy (Polizei) Policy (Police) has its special calling: which is to intervene to protect justice and rights, to generate good order and morals, to guarantee safety from thieves, robbers, rapists, and extortionists, to extirpate disordered and loose living. It binds everyone to labor and an honest profession.... It defends widows, orphans and foreigners in accordance with God’s law, educates the young in chaste purity and honest learning; in short, for all of these, the police is the soul of citizenship and of all good order.”
Creative Law-Making PeriodTotal LawsLaws Per Annum 1700-170950050 1710-17191238124 1720-251200240
Monarch’s Power 1716 Military Code His Majesty is an autocratic monarch, who is not obliged to answer for his actions to anyone on earth, but who possesses power and authority, the state, and land. As a Christian sovereign, he rules in accordance with his will and wish.
IV. Conclusions 1.Pan-European process: prescriptive absolutism 2.Continuity: state development 3.Discontinuity: theory, pace 4.Legitimacy: Piety, Patrimony + Persona, Power, Prosperity 5.Sovereign and state (gosudar’ and gosudarstvo) 6.Depersonalize: Peter and Petrovian Elite